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Discuss the short and long term consequences of the Indian Mutiny 1857

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Introduction

Discuss the short and long term consequences of the Indian Mutiny 1857 The Indian Mutiny brought a lot of changes to the Indian society even though it failed as a revolution for independence. It would be 90 years before the Indians get their independence. The mutiny had both short and long term consequences; I think that short term consequences are changes that happen up till three years after the mutiny (1860). I will talk about the short term consequences first and then the long term consequences. After the mutiny the British realized they had to take more control, therefore they abolished the East India Company, brought the Mughal Empire to an end and declared Queen Victoria the ruler of India. This meant that Britain took over all territories owned by the East India Company. Then negotiations with the princes started and Britain tried to get all provinces under indirect control. The relationship between the Indians and the queen was considerable warm. ...read more.

Middle

That was why they stopped the mutiny and killed all people who fought against the British. Now when Britain had control of India they had to develop and civilize India. Therefore you can say that the investment in Indian education is a long term consequence of the Indian Mutiny. Progress was slow but after some years an Indian middle class who could speak English was created. These were the people who later created the nationalist parties and kept fighting for Indian independence. Because of the better education of Indians they now started getting better jobs and some became lawyers and judges. Therefore the Ilbert bill was made. This stated that Indians were as qualified and experienced as any Briton. The British made it clear that they would not obey those rules. When the British stated they wouldn't obey the rule, they also showed that they would never accept Indians as equals. This of course offended the Indian population, nationalist feelings rose and congress was formed. The Indian Mutiny was the first try for independence. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Lucknow pact, signed December 1916, was also a long term consequence of the 1857 Mutiny. The Mutiny had started the thoughts of independence in the different religious political parties. The Muslims and the Hindus were both fighting for independence but they were also fighting against each other. They both wanted to have the power and rule a future independent India. In 1916 they realized that by working together they would achieve more, faster. They planned on who would have power in each province and how much. The two earlier rivals in India were now ready for independence by working together. Britain who had lost power in the 1st world war had also lost the respect they had from the Indians who had participated in the war. They had seen that Britain was no more civilized than India. Now Britain couldn't use the white man's burden as an excuse for ruling India. Britain needed the resources India gave them but they were losing grip of the more and more independent India, and this culminated in the Amritzar massacre. ?? ?? ?? ?? Emilie S´┐Żnderup History, 1i ...read more.

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