• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss the short and long term consequences of the Indian Mutiny 1857

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Discuss the short and long term consequences of the Indian Mutiny 1857 The Indian Mutiny brought a lot of changes to the Indian society even though it failed as a revolution for independence. It would be 90 years before the Indians get their independence. The mutiny had both short and long term consequences; I think that short term consequences are changes that happen up till three years after the mutiny (1860). I will talk about the short term consequences first and then the long term consequences. After the mutiny the British realized they had to take more control, therefore they abolished the East India Company, brought the Mughal Empire to an end and declared Queen Victoria the ruler of India. This meant that Britain took over all territories owned by the East India Company. Then negotiations with the princes started and Britain tried to get all provinces under indirect control. The relationship between the Indians and the queen was considerable warm. ...read more.

Middle

That was why they stopped the mutiny and killed all people who fought against the British. Now when Britain had control of India they had to develop and civilize India. Therefore you can say that the investment in Indian education is a long term consequence of the Indian Mutiny. Progress was slow but after some years an Indian middle class who could speak English was created. These were the people who later created the nationalist parties and kept fighting for Indian independence. Because of the better education of Indians they now started getting better jobs and some became lawyers and judges. Therefore the Ilbert bill was made. This stated that Indians were as qualified and experienced as any Briton. The British made it clear that they would not obey those rules. When the British stated they wouldn't obey the rule, they also showed that they would never accept Indians as equals. This of course offended the Indian population, nationalist feelings rose and congress was formed. The Indian Mutiny was the first try for independence. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Lucknow pact, signed December 1916, was also a long term consequence of the 1857 Mutiny. The Mutiny had started the thoughts of independence in the different religious political parties. The Muslims and the Hindus were both fighting for independence but they were also fighting against each other. They both wanted to have the power and rule a future independent India. In 1916 they realized that by working together they would achieve more, faster. They planned on who would have power in each province and how much. The two earlier rivals in India were now ready for independence by working together. Britain who had lost power in the 1st world war had also lost the respect they had from the Indians who had participated in the war. They had seen that Britain was no more civilized than India. Now Britain couldn't use the white man's burden as an excuse for ruling India. Britain needed the resources India gave them but they were losing grip of the more and more independent India, and this culminated in the Amritzar massacre. ?? ?? ?? ?? Emilie S´┐Żnderup History, 1i ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. 'More than a Mutiny, less than a War of Independence' - Do you agree ...

    In the wide sense that all the participants were Indians, and that they were all anti-British2, all of them were indeed engaging in Indian Wars of Independence against British rule. Should we reject both 'mutiny' and 'war of independence' in favour of 'War of Religion'?

  2. British Colonialism in India. Reasons for it, and its consequences.

    I believe it is my duty to God, my Queen, and my country..." In keeping with the ideas of white supremacy, Europeans also colonized to spread their religion to nations that they felt were inferior. Britain's Colonization of India In the mid eighteenth century, India became one of Great Britain's most important colonies.

  1. Historical Investigation - What were the long term consequences of the Great Fire of ...

    The layout of the city before the Fire was in no way suited to accommodate such a great number of people and gave a claustrophobic feeling to the city3 ? The city centre along with many important landmarks such as St.

  2. Analyse the short and long term causes of the 1917 Feb/March Russian Revolution

    Nicholas added to the problem by allowing a number of exemptions amongst the more privileged group in society - the educated, wealthy groups, and skilled industrial workers. His meant that most of the conscripts were peasants and they became increasingly responsive to revolutionary propaganda.

  1. Analyze the long term and short term causes of the 1917 February/March Russian Revolution

    All this stacked up created great dissatisfaction in the peasantry - millions of Russian people could not carry on this way, since many of them were starving. The poverty was spread further than the rural areas of the empire - the urban industrial sphere was also very backward and depended only on capital of foreign countries.

  2. The Never Ending War: between India and Pakistan

    In the great majority of these, the ruling prince, or maharaja, followed the same religious faith as his subjects. Most states quickly acceded to Indian control, but three resisted: Hyderabad, Junagadh, and Kashmir, or more formally, Jammu and Kashmir. The first two were territories holding a Hindu majority, but ruled

  1. The Great Revolt (Indian Mutiny) of 1857 came as a surprise to the British, ...

    The discrimination in salary too created enmity. ?A sawar in the cavalry was given Rs. 27 out of which he had to pay for him own uniform, food and upkeep of his mount, and he was ultimately left with only a rupee or two.? As hard as the Indian sepoys

  2. Executive Dysfunction: Franklin Delano Roosevelts Health and Effectiveness in His Final Term of Presidency

    Evidence of Impaired Judgment and Response Control Charles E. Bohlen was Roosevelt?s interpreter for the Yalta Conference. His personal accounts of his dealings with FDR at Yalta were mentioned in great detail in his memoir, Witness to History: 1929-1969. He recalls that at crucial points in the conference FDR blathered

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work