• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss the successes and failures of Henry I as king of England

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Discuss the successes and failures of Henry I as king of England, and as ruler of Normandy. Henry I was definitely a successive ruler, same as in England as in Normandy. He was born about 1068/1069, a fourth son of William I and Matilda of Flanders at Selby, Yorkshire. I need to admit that he had significantly more successes than failures, so we can take it for granted and say that he was a good 'card' for England nation. In this essay I am going to get through some of his success battles and changes he made in his reign to support my above statement. Henry had himself crowned in August 1100 and ruled England for thirty-five years. In 1106, he defeated his elder brother Robert in battle, imprisoned him for life and governed Normandy. He was called Beauclerc for his scholarly interests and Lion of Justice for refinements which he brought about in the administrative and legislative machinery of the time. Henry I was a ruthless, intelligent and charming king, possessed of qualities both his brothers - Rufus harsh and short-tempered, Robert inept and short-sighted - lacked. The site of Rufus led him to success. ...read more.

Middle

Robert realized his brother deadly game, visited England in 1106 to negotiate, but Henry refused and took an army to Tinchebray in Normandy. According to a good contemporary witness, defeated him in only an hour (Douglas and Greenaway 1981:329-30); the imprisonment which followed lasted for twenty-eight years until Robert's death in 1134. This success had wider implications, for it inevitably made Henry into a key figure in the politics of northern Europe, a role which he took on without any hesitation. Throughout the reign it seemed to him quite natural to spend much of his time out of England implementing these wider ambitions. The next success which is attributed to him is his change of government, his new reforms which were very successive and gave England a lot of positives. Henry's efficient - in some sense ruthless - organisation of England administration, was therefore necessary, not only to help finance this policy, but also because he needed a governmental system upon which he could rely when he was away. Under Henry a constitution for the royal household was drawn up, with allowances for authorised officers and departments. It illustrates how well organised and institutionalised the royal household had became. ...read more.

Conclusion

With William's death, Henry's plans for the succession collapsed. This led first to Henry's attempt to produce a new legitimate heir through remarriage and then, when this failed, to his reconstruction of the Angevin alliance through the marriage of Matilda to Geoffrey of Anjou. Henry needed to 'born again' and maintain the peace on his borders. As in 1108, Louise VI became a king of France he flexed his muscles and therefore there was a border confrontations and disputes between Louis and Henry until 1124, when some sorts of least peace was established. Overall Henry was a great ruler and his achievements were successive. He kept thirty-five years peace in England, finally England and Normandy were united, he made legal reforms and financial reforms in government which laid foundations for change throughout the 12thCentury. He settled the Walsh rebellion of his brother's reign and fortified the new borders of Wales with many castles. Although the fact of not having a male heir which leads England to be ruled by Stephen of Blois and as a result of this, everything Henry I had worked for was shattered, and England was plunged into uncertainty, dispute and division for the next nineteen years. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Assess the successes and failures of Nicholas II between 1849 and 1917:

    a heavy drinker and womanizer, such belief also put the Tsar in bad light causing loss of trust and confidence of the people. He also caused a number of issues which affected the population, whom then blamed the Tsar for trusting him.

  2. Interwar Years: 1919-39

    * It was agreed that Germany should enter the League of Nations, which it did with a permanent seat on the Council in September 1926. Results * The Locarno Pact did little more than confirm the Treaty of Versailles. The 'guarantee' provided by Britain and Italy remained very ill defined

  1. Architectural Masterpieces in England

    The fall of Roman Britain at the beginning of the fifth century allowed an influx of invaders from northern Germany, the Anglo-Saxons. Anglo-Saxon buildings in Britain were generally simple, constructed mainly using timber with thatch for roofing. Many remains of Anglo-Saxon church architecture, such as those at Stewkley and Wing both in Buckinghamshire.

  2. Compare and Contrast the Democratic Successes and Failures of Andrew Jackson and Nelson Mandela

    aided greatly in the transition of South Africa from an incredibly discriminatory apartheid state into an integrated democracy. Having struggled for the rights of the black majority in South Africa for several decades and imprisoned for his intent to seek justice for this portion of the population, Mandela helped to

  1. The Life and Achievements of King Canute

    11 In April of 1016, Cnut brought his fleet into the Thames and besieged London. At this time, Ethelred died and his son, Edmund Ironside, was declared king by the people of London. Edmund broke out of London before the siege was closed He collected an army which defeated the Danes in several skirmishes.

  2. To what extent was William Is conquest and rule of England due to force?

    The Norman takeover of Britain killed an estimated 5,000 soldiers, and many southern English suffered due to the consumption and wastage of the Norman forces occupation, and these, were not optional and were entirely forced upon the public of England.

  1. Assess the success and failures of the British mandates in Palestine

    they where both getting what they wanted the most: an independent and secure state. After July 1922, the British government found a partition the best option, so that there wouldn?t be violent conflicts between Arabic Palestinian and now Jewish Palestinians.

  2. Evaluate the successes and failures of Castro as ruler of Cuba.

    Castro's next aims were to reduce Cuba's dependency on the United States, the nationalization of large US multinational companies alienated USA and let to a trade embargo and also they stopped buying Cuban sugar, which is a massive thing because they were Cuba's biggest customers.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work