• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss the successes and failures of Henry I as king of England

Extracts from this document...


Discuss the successes and failures of Henry I as king of England, and as ruler of Normandy. Henry I was definitely a successive ruler, same as in England as in Normandy. He was born about 1068/1069, a fourth son of William I and Matilda of Flanders at Selby, Yorkshire. I need to admit that he had significantly more successes than failures, so we can take it for granted and say that he was a good 'card' for England nation. In this essay I am going to get through some of his success battles and changes he made in his reign to support my above statement. Henry had himself crowned in August 1100 and ruled England for thirty-five years. In 1106, he defeated his elder brother Robert in battle, imprisoned him for life and governed Normandy. He was called Beauclerc for his scholarly interests and Lion of Justice for refinements which he brought about in the administrative and legislative machinery of the time. Henry I was a ruthless, intelligent and charming king, possessed of qualities both his brothers - Rufus harsh and short-tempered, Robert inept and short-sighted - lacked. The site of Rufus led him to success. ...read more.


Robert realized his brother deadly game, visited England in 1106 to negotiate, but Henry refused and took an army to Tinchebray in Normandy. According to a good contemporary witness, defeated him in only an hour (Douglas and Greenaway 1981:329-30); the imprisonment which followed lasted for twenty-eight years until Robert's death in 1134. This success had wider implications, for it inevitably made Henry into a key figure in the politics of northern Europe, a role which he took on without any hesitation. Throughout the reign it seemed to him quite natural to spend much of his time out of England implementing these wider ambitions. The next success which is attributed to him is his change of government, his new reforms which were very successive and gave England a lot of positives. Henry's efficient - in some sense ruthless - organisation of England administration, was therefore necessary, not only to help finance this policy, but also because he needed a governmental system upon which he could rely when he was away. Under Henry a constitution for the royal household was drawn up, with allowances for authorised officers and departments. It illustrates how well organised and institutionalised the royal household had became. ...read more.


With William's death, Henry's plans for the succession collapsed. This led first to Henry's attempt to produce a new legitimate heir through remarriage and then, when this failed, to his reconstruction of the Angevin alliance through the marriage of Matilda to Geoffrey of Anjou. Henry needed to 'born again' and maintain the peace on his borders. As in 1108, Louise VI became a king of France he flexed his muscles and therefore there was a border confrontations and disputes between Louis and Henry until 1124, when some sorts of least peace was established. Overall Henry was a great ruler and his achievements were successive. He kept thirty-five years peace in England, finally England and Normandy were united, he made legal reforms and financial reforms in government which laid foundations for change throughout the 12thCentury. He settled the Walsh rebellion of his brother's reign and fortified the new borders of Wales with many castles. Although the fact of not having a male heir which leads England to be ruled by Stephen of Blois and as a result of this, everything Henry I had worked for was shattered, and England was plunged into uncertainty, dispute and division for the next nineteen years. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Interwar Years: 1919-39

    that such a treaty would aid the revival of the prospect of a Franco-American military alliance, which never materialised back in 1919. * President Coolidge and his Secretary of State, Frank Kellogg, saw through this ploy and countered his proposal with a suggestion that all countries be invited to sign a pact in which they renounced war.

  2. Assess the successes and failures of Nicholas II between 1849 and 1917:

    Furthermore, the involvement in the war caused the loss of a precious corn provider, Ukraine. Rasputin's influence on the ruling of Russia is definitely viewed as a great failure of the Tsar, this close friend of the Tsar's was badly seen by the population as he was thought of being

  1. Evaluate the successes and failures of one ruler of a single-party state

    Without the need to focus resources and his energies to supporting a proletarian revolution outside of the USSR, Stalin could have argued to have been his most 'productive' in the period following the adoption of socialism in one country. A very prominent example of this 'productivity' can be seen to

  2. Compare and Contrast the Democratic Successes and Failures of Andrew Jackson and Nelson Mandela

    black communities to provide millions of people with running water, plumbing, telecommunications, and education, and launched Reconstruction and Development Program to invest in social services including heath care and housing, among other such legislative reforms. Hence, as the revolutionary and historic leader of South Africa, Mandela, like Andrew Jackson, was

  1. To what extent was William Is conquest and rule of England due to force?

    One of the major threats to his stronghold was the Viking invasion which resulted in widespread revolts in the north due to collaboration between the Vikings and the rebelling Saxon nobles and caused the capturing of York. William was under threat to losing Northumbria to the Scandinavians completely and to

  2. Architectural Masterpieces in England

    The Romans imposed their own Mediterranean style of architecture and town planning and built the first cities and towns, which included Chester, St. Albans, London and Bath. Following the Roman's departure architecture seems to have regressed and little remains of the period immediately after the Roman withdrawal.

  1. Evaluate the successes and failures of Castro as ruler of Cuba.

    Furthermore it led to CIA attempts to destabilize the Castro regime; they did so by assassination attempts, bombing and setting fire to sugar crop and also through operations like the 'Bay of Pigs'.

  2. Assess the success and failures of the British mandates in Palestine

    Former German colonies, which where guided out of terrible customs, like slavery and exploitation. Finally c) some territories which where thought to be under developed and not ready to be independent yet so they where staying under British supervision.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work