• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Evaluate how successful Mao Zedong and the CCP were in instituting socialist ideals in the people from 1912-1937

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Evaluate how successful Mao Zedong and the Chinese Communist Party were in instituting socialist ideals in the people from 1912-1937? Mao Zedong and the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) were relatively successful at implementing socialist ideas into the people of China. Established in 1921, the CCP started out as a small, unnoticeable political party to one that emerged rapidly as the other preferred form of government system that appealed to the population with their attractive ideas. Unlike the nationalist party, Mao and his party were able to dig into the hearts and the minds of the Chinese population, which was essential for the communist party if they were to succeed by gaining support from the peasant population. After the Fourth of May Movement in China during 1919, Marxist ideas began to attract the Chinese people because it challenged the traditional Confucius ideas that has been engraved into the minds of people since centuries ago. The eventual founder of the CCP, Chen Duxiu promoted the ideas of reform and reinforcing the Chinese society. ...read more.

Middle

Industrial workers were also interested in communist ideas because they were suffering from appalling working conditions, low wages and the abusive nature of the managers. The communists promised to help improve these conditions if they received their support. Therefore, industrial workers supported them because the nationalist party was more interested in their own self-interests than the people of China. Another reason why Mao and the party attracted the majority of the peasants was because Mao was born in a peasant family- he would be able empathise with the peasants since he understood what they were demanding for. Whereas the Guomindang?s (GMD) leader Sun-Yat Sen came from a middle-class background and later when Chiang Kai-Shek came to power, he was more concerned in strengthening China than improving the lives of the population. At least 80% of the population was made up of peasants; this gave the communists an advantage when they were looking for more support because the majority of the peasants resided in the rural areas. ...read more.

Conclusion

Although land reform was carried out by redistributing the land the landlords and the richer peasants owned, some of landlords and rich peasants were able to keep more land if they supported the communists. This defeats the principles of equality because some people were getting more land. The communists were also strictly disciplined- they would purge would be opponents as well as being willing to sacrifice their own members. As a result, this led to people being sacrificed or mistakenly accused of their wrong doings. Overall the communist were mostly successful at implementing socialist ideas into the Chinese people because they were able to capture the minds of the vast peasant population. They acknowledged that the issue of land reform was an important matter in gaining peasant support even though they did not always redistribute the land equally. Mao was also able to attract the merchants and civil servants because he carefully avoided proclaiming any radical measures, such as the abolition of private property. The principle ideas of the communist party were more appealing since they were determined to drive out foreign influence in China because the Chinese had been undermined by the foreign powers since the 19th century. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Why did the Communists win the Chinese Civil War?

    Mao was being known to the general public as the one who reached out to them through all that the CCP has done. Chiang as the leader of the GDP was not a popular leader, he was stubborn and close-minded.

  2. Was the Russian Revolution due more to tsars inadequacy as a ruler of the ...

    policy questions".16 During his reign, Russia was rapidly changing because of industrialization and urbanization, and he failed to pass policies that dealt with the resulting issues. "He also bears responsibility for the major negative development during his reign: "Russification" (imposition of requirements to use Russian, limitations on the use of native languages and cultural practices, etc.)

  1. Mao Zedong: Dictatorship of a Single Party State

    - launched to "promote" free thought, criticism of gov't * "Letting a hundred flowers blossom and a hundred schools of thought contend is the policy for promoting progress in the arts and the sciences and a flourishing socialist culture in our land."

  2. Mao Zedong and the Education(TM)s changes in the People's Republic of China

    Obedience belonged to Mao and no one else. The youngsters were supported by Mao in the actions that they decide to take in order to destroy the Four Olds. For instance temples, shrines, works of art and ornamental gardens became obvious targets; many priceless and irreplaceable treasures of Chinese civilization were destroyed in this wave organised vandalism.

  1. How Successful was the Dayton Peace Agreement in Bringing Sustainable Governance to Bosnia and ...

    and 18% went to Croatia Democratic Union (HDZ). Liberals won 5% and the reformed communists won less than 8% (Cohen 146). The elections of 1990 happened during the time of Yugoslavia's split. The nation was at a crisis and security to the people couldn't be provided.

  2. Mao and China Revision Guide

    The first ?enduring consequence? was a deep-seated factionalism infecting almost every government agency, industrial and commercial enterprise, and Party committee. Factional conflict was created by the struggle for power at the height of the Cultural Revolution, was preserved by the insistence on broad consensus and representation in the formation of

  1. Account for the Rise of Power of Mao Zedong

    that also later became Communist policy, helped inspire the man Hollingworth describes as ?a natural born rebel? to do exactly that; rebel and join the fledgling Communist party and begin his rise to power. Although by no means the undisputable leader of the CCP at the time of the Jiangxi

  2. Notes on the history of Communist China

    KMT s 18. very few warlords had the inclination or the time to concentrate on political reform 19. the Nationalists (Kuomintang) became predominant in the Middle Kingdom 20. the former ruling class and bureaucracy disappeared 21. ruled by KMT whose main power in the South - a govt of the wealthy and the military 22.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work