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Examine the methods used and the conditions which helped the rise to power of one single party state leader in one country of Latin-America in the first half of the 20th century

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Introduction

Examine the methods used and the conditions which helped the rise to power of one single party state leader in one country of Latin-America in the first half of the 20th century Juan Domingo Perón was elected president of Argentina three times in his life after serving in several government positions such us Vice-President. Perón was elected by the first time on June 1946 with the 55% of the votes, after the coup d’état of 1943 in which he participated. The aim of this essay is to analyze the conditions and the methods used which contributed to the rise to power of this single party state leader. To begin with, the conditions of the country play a very significant role in Perón’s rise to power. Firstly, the growth of the nationalism in the mid 1930’s contributed to Perón’s rise. The ideologies such as fascism in Italy and Nazism in Germany were emerging in the country as the “solution”. The argentines who were disappointed at the fake and corrupt democracy of the Infamous Decade were attracted to the European models of governments. Their hatred towards democracy and support of nationalist ideas which have improved the social and economic situation in countries like Italy and Germany, made people look for something similar. ...read more.

Middle

Perón exploited the fear that these sectors would be attracted by the social and economic conditions of communism by offering to take care of the nation’s proletariat. And since 1930 till 1943 this urban working class didn’t stop growing, 80.000 people moved in to cities per year. Finally, the opposition was a country condition that led to his rise. The opposition of the elections of 1946 was extremely weak. It was represented by a heterogeneous, large but not well organized group which failed to gain electoral support. This opposition was called Union Democratica and its slogan was: “For liberty, against Nazism”. Another problem that this Union Democratica had was that it counted with the support of the US ambassador in Argentina, Spruill Braden, and they represented the symbol of “Yankee imperialism”. On the other hand, there were several methods, politics that Perón implemented to reach to power. The 4th June 1933 the GOU (Grupo de Oficiales Unidos) staged a coup against President Castillo. The principals of this coup were anti-communism and economic sovereignty. Peron was a member of the GOU and participated of the coup. Between 1943 and 1946 the Army oversaw the government. ...read more.

Conclusion

This flexibility allowed him to gain support because he could easily change some type of thought or policy about something. His excellent use of propaganda also shown in the slogan Braden or Perón inspire support. According to him people had to choose between Perón’s nationalistic program or the Yankee imperialism. Last but not least, Perón’s built up a diverse coalition to gain electoral support was also another method to get to power. Perón’s Labour Party was a coalition formed by radicals from the Junta Renovadora, the FORJA, clerical groups, nationalistic faction, members of the army with Allied tendencies and workers that supported his position as head of the Labour Department. This coalition was possible for Perón’s flexibility. The formula made him the winner with the 55% of support in the elections of 1946. All in all, the country’s contexts as well as the world’s one allowed him to get to power. And the methods he used also played a very important role in the elections, the flexibility that allowed him to gain support, and besides the appeal to the workers, the military and the Church were really significant. The coalition he was able to form in the context of the country made him able to win the elections to the weak opposition with a 55% of support. ...read more.

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