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Examine the policies of Castro and explain how they consolidated his regime.

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Introduction

Examine the policies of Castro and explain how they consolidated his regime. Fidel Castro was well known as the leader of the Cuban revolution, a socialist and a strong political leader. From 1959 to 2007, he ruled in a crisis-haunted Cuba, leading the nation through social reforms, US attacks and barricades, holding on to a clear idealistic policy. However, his greatest challenges appeared in the opening days of his reign, when he had to consolidate his power when it was most precarious. His policies, support and decisions in this time would shape the future of Cuba for many years to come, and either ensure or doom his future success as its president. Fidel Castro's opposition to the US influence and socialist ideology brought forth a collision between the two nations. He seized US owned businesses in Cuba and established contacts with the USSR. Therefore, the US broke all the former relations and began planning an invasion of Cuba in 1960, after having put a partial trade embargo on the nation (prohibiting all import except food and medication). ...read more.

Middle

which greatly improved his public image. Separate facilities for blacks and whites (swimming pools, beaches, hotels, cemeteries etc.) were abolished. Castro believed education to be an important aspect of a strong nation. Before the revolution 23.6 per cent of the Cuban population were illiterate. In rural areas over half the population could not read or write and 61 per cent of the children did not go to school. Castro convinced many students from the cities to travel to the countryside to teach children in rural areas how to read and write. Eventually, all Cuban citizens were given access to free education, and illiteracy was all but wiped out. The new Cuban government also set about the problem of health care. Before the revolution, Cuba had 6,000 doctors, 64 per cent of which worked in Havana where the upper-class of Cuba lived. When Castro ordered that doctors had to be redistributed throughout the country, over half decided to leave Cuba. To replace them Cuba built three new training schools for doctors. ...read more.

Conclusion

So also was the telephone company that was nationalized. The United States government responded by telling Castro they would no longer be willing to supply the technology and technicians needed to run Cuba's economy. When this failed to change Castro's policies they reduced their orders for Cuban sugar. To conclude, the various social and economic reforms Castro implemented as a result of his policies, including; the reduction in infant mortality, the increase in doctor training, the reduction in illiteracy, the free health-care system, the reduction in rent and the public tribunals of those involved in Batista's regime, all greatly increased Castro's popularity with the Cuban people. However, as well as removing all opposition, by forcing the mafia out of Cuba, and surviving many US attempts to usurp or disrupt his presidency, Castro also alienated the US, instead deciding to form alliances with eastern communist states, such as the USSR. This was perhaps a risky decision, as the USSR was an extremely long distance away, compared to the USA, and it was increasingly difficult to send supplies from Russia to Cuba, due to Cuba's proximity to the USA, and the tension between the USA and the USSR. ...read more.

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