• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain the effects of the purges in the Soviet Union in the 1930s

Extracts from this document...


Selin Oztemizer IB1 History Essay Explain the effects of the purges in the S.U. in the 1930s The purges in the 1930s affected the Soviet Union economically, politically, socially, psychologically and militarily. The main effect was on the politics. Stalin got rid of the opposition to rise and secure his power. He united his supporters and became the supreme leader of the Soviet Union. The fact that he got rid of the opposition decreased the number of the components of the party which left more work to do because Stalin did not rely on anyone to fill their positions. There was a lack of consistency. The political effect was the main one because Stalin made himself the supreme leader and took all the important decisions without consulting other members of the party. ...read more.


The production increased. The workers that did not meet the targets were sent to gulags. The targets were extremely high. In 1939 almost 3 million people were in labour camps in the USSR. The labour camps produced most of Russia`s gold and much of it`s timber. Prisoners were also involved in building the new cities and transport link. The fear to be sent to gulags or to be killed, made workers work even harder to meet targets. The problem that the industry faced was that increasing the targets made Russia loose skilled workers taking out the skilled work force. The biggest Social and psychological effect was the fear that the purges spread. ...read more.


The positive side of this fact for Stalin was that there was no possibility of opposition. The forced labour helped to build up the military equipment providing the army weaponry, tanks, aircrafts etc. The built up of the military was successful because in a few years, the Soviet Union was able to fight in the Second World War and win. All in all, the purges in the 1930s had many effects on the Soviet Union. Some of them were temporary such as the economic and the military one but others like the social and psychological one were permanent. The main effect of the purges was on the politics because it caused chaos and lack of consistency. Stalin made decisions by his own without consulting any other members. If he consulted someone he made sure that everyone supported him. He focused on his own interests instead of the society. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. La Revolucion Mexicana IB Extended essay

    La populaci�n mexicana durante este tiempo, especialmente los ind�genas ten�an la misma ideolog�a que la tierra era de ellos y de todos los mexicanos y no de los extranjeros. Porfirio D�az hizo lo mejor en la represi�n y el mantenimiento de una revoluci�n estado libre mediante la instalaci�n de miedo y la corrupci�n en el sistema llamado democr�tico.

  2. The Causes and Effects of Chinese-Japanese conflicts in the 1930s

    Dissimilarly to China, Japan had not always been an international loner. On the contrary, the country's leadership and national opinion had emphasized the cardinal importance of establishing Japan as a respected member of the community of advanced powers. Until conflict arose between Japan and the League of Nations over the

  1. Free essay

    Why did Japan adopt Fascism in 1930s?

    (Tan, 2010)During that time, the people in Japan felt humiliated and insulted by the League of Nations, so when the government decided to resign from the league of nation, the people felt that they have regain their some of their pride in some way thus supporting fascism.

  2. Stalins Purges

    The Soviet government viewed the outside world as hostile to their state. The capitalist West was seen as fundamentally opposed to the communist ideas on which the USSR was based. The Soviet government feared that this hostility would lead to an attack on the USSR by the West.

  1. How far was Stalin Responsible for Purges of 1930s

    This can be seen as a purging of the left. Thereafter a purging of the right took place, and the last two major show trials occurred. The second show trial involved Radek and Pyakatov, Lenin's former favourites. The third and last major show trial saw Bukharin, Rykov and Yagoda (now ex-head of the NKVD)

  2. Soviet Union Economy

    would have evolved quite differently."1 This quote refers to the resistance that Russia was able to present during the Second World War due to its army strength, and how this shaped history. During the first Five-Years Plan, fifteen hundred enterprises were opened and huge new complexes were built or were

  1. How successful was Khrushchev as Soviet Leader?

    Khrushchev understood the needs of the people and went about making new policies with real enthusiasm in his famously forthright, declaring ?it?s no good everyone having the right ideology if they have to walk around with no trousers?. However this resulted in some corners being cut; McCauley goes as far

  2. A look at the Differing Views of Jimmy Hoffa by the Government, the Public, ...

    In 1957, Jimmy Hoffa was elected as the next president of the Teamster despite numerous accusations against him. Hoffa already had a long list of accomplishments on the local and regional levels before being elected national president. After his election, he would continue to build up the power of the

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work