• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Extended Essay: Columbus's Actions in the New World

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Question of Genocide on Columbus's Actions towards the Native Americans in the New World By: Debra Wei Teacher: Mr. Smith Due Date: 18th April 2008 Total Number of Pages: 13 TABLE OF CONTENTS Title Page..............................................................................................1 Abstract................................................................................................3 Introduction............................................................................................4 Body....................................................................................................6 Conclusion...........................................................................................11 Annotated Bibliography / List of Works Cited..................................................12 ABSTRACT This essay focuses on Columbus's actions in the New World, towards the Native Americans. The question being presented is "If Columbus were alive today, would he be tried and convicted for committing genocide?" Through his years of semi-ruling the Americas, a debatable amount of eight million people were killed. Columbus had ridiculous expectations of valuables from his slaves, along with cruel consequences. Determined in his conquest for gold, land and other resources, he enslaved and slaughtered millions of men, women and children. Many others died from the conditions they were put under, such as starvation, exhaustion, malnutrition, disease and displacement. Millions of births were prevented and suicides were committed due to these same reasons as well. Throughout this essay, I ensured that each aspect of a genocide's definition is identified with one or more of Columbus's actions. Based on factual evidence like statistics and primary sources such as quotes from Columbus and Las Casas themselves, I have settled upon the conclusion of: If Columbus were alive today, he would definitely be tried and convicted for committing genocide. ...read more.

Middle

(Zinn, page 6) Under Columbus's supposed 'rule', he caused severe body harm to the natives, as well as imposed conditions upon the natives so harsh, that it left them with no hope of life. (Churchill, para.3) He over exhausted and overworked the natives in order to accomplish his conquest for gold, forcing the natives to work beyond reasonable hours under the hot sun. Las Casas reports that "mountains are stripped from top to bottom and bottom to top a thousand times; they dig, split rocks, move stones, and carry dirt on their backs to wash it in the rivers, while those who has gold stay in the water all the time with their backs bent so constantly that it breaks them...the most arduous task is to dry the mines by scooping up pansful of water and throwing it up outside." (Zinn, page 6: para. 4) As you can see, natives were physically injured or killed everyday due to the harsh working conditions they were forced to meet, unless they wanted to be slaughtered. On top of that, the Indians faced malnutrition. They were compelled to spend each minute of their time searching for gold, meaning that they were left with no time to neither hunt nor gather provisions. Any food they did gather was meant for the Spaniards, leaving the Americas swept with starvation too. ...read more.

Conclusion

Logically, any written piece based on false evidence results in utter trash. I ensure you my sources are justifiable. My most-used source is A People's History of the United States by Howard Zinn. Published multiple times in the past decades, Zinn is a credible author as he has devoted his life to studying history, being a professor and various universities even today. Seeing that Zinn had written this novel to convince the readers of his view on history (in this case, attempting to prove his thesis: Columbus is responsible for committing genocide), it is obviously limited as it is biased. However, being biased can hardly go far, as Zinn supports his theories and ideas with primary sources and evidences, including letters written by Columbus and principal witnesses like Bartolome de Las Casas. Including first-hand facts from the records of history, it is of great value to us as common people today, as it enables us to have access to pure historical facts. As for my second source, it is an excerpt taken from Indians are Us written by Professor Churchill Ward, written in 1944. The purpose of this book was to compare the Holocaust with the actions of Columbus, putting everything into perspective for the readers. Although this source should be biased, I find that it actually isn't as he states only pure facts, untainted with his personal thoughts. In truth, he defends both sides factually, even supporting Columbus at times, preventing limitations to a certain extent. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. IB Extended Essay - How where the Conquistadors able to defeat the Incan and ...

    rest of Europe's populations developed strong immune systems, stronger than any than the rest of the world, because of their exposure and survival of disease. This meant that the Spanish could resist disease such as smallpox and even carry disease without getting sick.

  2. Egyptian Influence Extended Essay

    BC-1534 BC), the 18th, 19th, 20th New Kingdom (1534 BC-1107 BC), the 21st-26th Third Intermediate Period (1107 BC-525 BC), the First Persian Period (525 BC-402 BC), the 28th, 29th, and 30th Late Period (525 BC-343 BC), the Second Persian Period (343 BC-332 BC), the Graeco-Roman Period (332 BC-261), and the Arab Conquest (261-1517).

  1. The Depictions of the Holocaust in Night and Schindlers List

    Since there was no toleration for weakness in the concentration camp many old men women and children were put to death. During Elie's stay there his valuables such as new shoes and gold teeth were taken away from him. During his stay at Auschwitz he was completely dehumanized and on the brink of Death.

  2. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    1890 new gimnazii curriculum reduced time spent studying Latin and Greek. 7. Church given more power over primary education and encouraged to set up parish schools. Effects 1. Increase in the power of government appointed inspectors. 2. University rectors, deans, and lecturers appointed by Minister of Education.

  1. The Great Revolt (Indian Mutiny) of 1857 came as a surprise to the British, ...

    The Arms Act restricted the carrying of weapons in all sections of the Indian society and the Indian element in the army was also drastically reduced. Favouritism was towards the Sikhs and South Indians who were seen as loyal. Not only was there hostility towards the British but hostility among the Indians began to rise too.

  2. Extended Essay - The Role of a UN-Secretary General to Achieve World Peace: The ...

    a plane crash on his mission to Congo on 18th September 1961, the Soviet Union under Khrushchev proposed the Troika plan to the UN to appoint three UN Secretary-Generals to precede Hammarskjold, one representing the Communist world, one for the West, and one for the group of non-aligned nations.

  1. How and Why Can the Voyages of Columbus and the Conquests of Cortes Both ...

    As human population was increasing, so was Spain. In 1492, Columbus had claimed an island in the Caribbean Sea called San Salvador and Cortes established Mexico as a Spanish colony. Also, from the voyages of Columbus and Cortes, large amounts of gold and wealth were being brought into Spain.

  2. Book Review of 1491: New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus, written by ...

    Mann begins with stating that even though European technology appears to be superior to that of the Indians, this was not always the case in 1491. According to Charles Mann, guns were a supreme example of Indian technology not always being inferior to that of the Europeans.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work