• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

For what reasons, and with what results, was Germany a centre of Cold War tension between 1945-1961?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Anvitaa Rastogi HISTORY ASSIGNMENT For what reasons, and with what results, was Germany a centre of Cold War tension between 1945-1961? The cold war was an ideological war between the two superpowers of the world-Soviet Russia and United States of America. After the end of the world war II there was a vacuum of a supreme power, it was during such a situation when USA headed by President Roosevelt and Russia under the leadership of Stalin rose to superpower status. Germany was left defeated after the war, and Britain and France were drained and exhausted. The United States and the Soviet Union, though also drained, held considerable power. The two became rivals through ?conflicting ideologies and mutual distrust?, and constantly competed for power. The aftermath of the World War II was what created a ?cold war? situation in Germany. The post war problems that persisted in Germany were central to the outbreak of the Cold War, central to its continuation and central to its decline. The post-war state of Germany was grim: about one fourth of housing had been destroyed, the economic infrastructure had largely collapsed, inflation was rampant, there was a shortage of food, and millions of homeless Germans from the east were returning. ...read more.

Middle

Russia refused the aid of the Marshall Plan and, as a result, East Germany was not completely rebuilt. East Germany was established as a Stalin-style Socialist state. This lack of reconstruction showed through even after the reunification. Belgian economic historian Herman Van der Wee concludes the Marshall Plan was a great success. He said, "It gave a new impetus to reconstruction in Western Europe and made a decisive contribution to the renewal of the transport system, the modernization of industrial and agricultural equipment, the raising of productivity, and the facilitating of intra-European trade.? After that, the Truman Doctrine, a plan to help states going through a struggle for freedom against their oppressors, was instituted in 1948. It was a successor of the Marshall Plan. President Truman said, "I believe it must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures." The Truman Doctrine instituted a policy of containment which limited communism to only the areas which were under the soviet control. Elsewhere, the United States would be given the freedom to resist the expansion. Following the agreements made under the doctrine, Germany split up into Federal Republic of Germany and German Democratic Republic. ...read more.

Conclusion

This led to more tensions between USA and Russia thus intensifying the cold war. During the Cold War, Germany thus became the center for the conflict between Communism and Democracy. Germany was the place where all the tensions between the two separate ideologies were played out. Due to its location, Berlin was torn in half by the struggling parties. The neglect that East Germany suffered through at the hands of the Communists caused not only economic problems but also social problems as the Western and Eastern Germans grew apart as society. The scars that the Communist Party left on the East Germans are still being repaired as this reconstruction had heavy financial impacts on the west. Not only had much of East Germany not been rebuilt, most of what was produced had been shipped back to the Soviet Union as "war reparations". Divided Germany had also caused a social split to occur between the Eastern and Western Germans. The Western German's lives had greatly improved since the end of World War II but the Eastern German's lives were still hindered by the destruction created by the war that could not be fixed under the Communist regime. These social and economic were the main reason why Germany was indeed at the centre of Cold War tension. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Assess the reasons affecting the end of the Cold War.

    Reagan produced a defensive arms race which the Soviet Union could not keep up with. The likes of Star Wars aka the Strategic defense initiative, started in 1983 by Ronald Reagan and a huge increase in US defense spending (167 billion dollars (July 1980)

  2. Investigation: The Cuban Missile Crisis as a Thaw in the Cold War

    We, in making this pledge, in order to give satisfaction and hope of the peoples of Cuba and Turkey and to strengthen their confidence in their security, will make a statement within the framework of the Security Council to the effect that the Soviet Government gives a solemn promise to

  1. The Cold War

    This was also known as West Germany, a capitalist and democratic country. In turn, the Soviets reacted by erecting the German Democratic Republic, [17]or East Germany in October 1949. East Germany was a communist country under the influence of Moscow.

  2. What Effect Did World War II have on Eastern Europe?

    The Romanian communist party convinced the Soviet Union to remove all troops from the country. Romania's communist party also denounced the 1968 Invasion of Czechoslovakia. The invasion was aimed at stopping the liberalization reforms taking place in the country8. Romania prohibited the Soviet Union to transport troops or supplies for the invasion through its borders or airspace.

  1. The Impact of the Manhattan Project on the Cold War

    The British, who made significant theoretical contributions early in the war to the project, did not have the resources to be able to help with a full-fledged atomic bomb research program while fighting for their survival against Nazi Germany. Consequently, the British acceded, reluctantly, to American leadership and sent scientists to every Manhattan Project facility.

  2. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    ?the proletariat?s advance guard?just as a blacksmith cannot seize the red hot iron so the proletariat cannot directly seize power.? 2. Party?s lack of majority support when they seized power was not a problem according to Lenin; the proletariat was to be led into realizing the path to revolution. 3.

  1. Was Gorbachev the main reason for ending the Cold War?

    Furthermore, Reagan?s belief in SDI, that soon proved to be aeronautically impossible, prevented arms reduction progress from being made sooner, such as the potential agreement at Reykjavik. Gaddis is correct in his statement that ?Reagan presided over the most solid programme in arms control?, yet incorrect in his assertion that

  2. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    Israelis had lost 500 men and suffered 2000 wounded - Once the 'war' was over, the Bar Lev Line was strengthened and General Arik Sharon also had a second line of fortifications built a few kilometres behind the Bar Lev Line - The 'war of attrition' period allowed the SU

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work