• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

He brought his country and his people nothing but harm. To what extent do you agree with this assessment of Stalins domestic policies in the USSR between 1929 and 1953?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Lereculey Peran Enora History 19.04.2012 ?He brought his country and his people nothing but harm.? To what extent do you agree with this assessment of Stalin?s domestic policies in the USSR between 1929 and 1953? Stalin?s domestic policies between 1929 and 1953 did bring the Russian population great harm; nevertheless, Stalin did bring economic achievements that allowed USSR to take a leading role in the world. Stalin gained power in the Soviet Union by 1929. He created the command economy that drove forward the programmes of industrialisation and collectivisation. After the war, he made the key choices internally and externally, which made the USSR a superpower. Kevin McDermott, in his biography of Stalin, puts it thus: ?Stalin stamped his ugly personality on Soviet state and society?. Even though great economic achievements were made during Stalin?s dictatorship, the social conditions in which they were done were terrible. Stalin?s industrialisation programme was one of his most successful domestic policies. Through rapid industrialisation, Stalin hoped to increase military strength as well as becoming self-sufficient by increasing grain supplies. He also hoped to improve standards of living. ...read more.

Middle

Agriculture did become more mechanised but not enough resources were devoted to this sector. Stalin was never very interested in the well-being of the peasants and made no real attempts to provide them with incentives. This was particularly evident after the war and resulted in disastrous levels of production, which worried other Soviet leaders. Stalin saddled the USSR with an inefficient agricultural system. Indeed, it could be argued that the failure of the collectivisation programme brought more harm than good to the Russian people. Against any of Stalin?s achievements has to be set the dark side of Stalin?s Russia. The terror that reigned over Russia during Stalin?s dictatorship brought an incredible level of harm to the Russian people. Josef Stalin probably wielded more power than any other tyrant in history. He ruled be means of terror and through a government apparatus that he dominated. He tolerated no threat to his power, real or imaginary, and his leadership was unquestioned. Lust for power, personality defects and paranoia are important in explaining Stalin?s brutal actions and personal politics but he was also motivated by ideas. ...read more.

Conclusion

Training courses meant they could improve their qualifications and position, pay and prospects. In conclusion, Stalin brought harm to his people but he also brought achievements. The extent to which the quote ?he brought his country and his people nothing but harm? seems quite extreme: Stalin?s achievements allowed Russia to take a leading role in world relations. It is true that the deaths of over 20 million Soviet citizens in the forced collectivisation programme of the 1930s (which created the famine in 1932) and the Great Terror of the late 1930s is the best example to show that he did bring much harm. However, the Great Terror was also the policy which brought all the domestic policies together and allowed Russia to modernise to become one of the leading countries. Furthermore, the main claim for Stalinist achievement is the transformation of the USSR into a modern state with industry capable of providing the armaments that enabled the USSR to defeat Germany in the Second World War. Nevertheless, barely 60 years after the dictator?s death, I think it is too early to make an objective assessment of his legacy to the Russian people. John Keep believes so as he wrote ?In the mid-1990s, the defects of the Stalinist regime looms larger than its successes. The perspective may change in decades to come.? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. To what extent was the Soviet Union under Stalin a totalitarian state?

    They ended up killing their livestock and burning crops so that the state would not have them (Lowe 325). The peasants were thinking for themselves rather for the government. The fact that the peasants did this depicts how Stalin's idea of collectivization did not gain popularity from the people.

  2. Comparison between Trotsky's and Lenin's role in the establishment of the USSR

    As early as in 1920, Trotsky argued for a retreat from direct mobilisation to indirect methods of mobilisation. He argued that for example, instead of requisitioning grain at arbitrary prices, the government should tax peasants in kind, taking a fixed percentage of the grain they produced.

  1. Mussolini's Domestic Policy

    Mussolini did make big efforts to improve the welfare services. He created many organizations for the people; cheap holiday, tours, or "after work clubs". But this idea failed to gain popularity, as there was no strong unemployment insurance, which was one of the biggest issues Italians were facing.

  2. A comparison about Mussolinis and Hitlers domestic policies.

    In Germany the separate state parliaments still existed but lost all their power and instead the Nazis took over and ruled and took their decision. When Hitler came to power there were no more state, provincial or municipal elections. In Germany the religion was also brought under the state control

  1. Lenin's Role in Creation of USSR

    This ensured that the Bolsheviks were better organised behind the front lines than the whites. They had a unified and highly efficient party and working force, which is mainly due to the introduction of Lenin's "War Communism" policy. Hence Lenin played a major role in consolidating a Soviet state, as

  2. The Grand Bazaar is the public place of the Istanbul and even all the ...

    The Grand Bazaar was also famous with its assortment of occupational groups and variety of products produced by those groups or came from different side of the empire. In bazaar there were very interesting branches of occupation like miniaturist, gilder, relief-maker, furrier, mirror-maker, embroiderer, shawl-maker, cordwainer, antiquarian, bookbinder, staphylea-maker, cutler, spoon maker, and quilt maker and so on.

  1. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    5. Government passed legislation that ensured freedom of speech and press and the dismantling of the secret police. Parties could now publically agitate and more easily attract members. It also became easier to rebel as the PG had no way to stop it due to the dismantling of the secret police.

  2. What were the Aims and Achievements of Stalins Foreign Policy between 1928 and 1941?

    to Lee and turned to the other European pariah, Germany, with the aim of reviving international relations. The period 1929-1934 saw a rotation in Stalinist foreign policy; this was due to Soviet aims of reviving trade relations and securing some much needed foreign capital.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work