• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Hisory War and Peace International Relations

Extracts from this document...


War and Peace- International Relations 1919-39 Key Questions 1 Problems of Interpretation How should the interwar period be assessed by historians? Was it just an armistice between the two 'German wars'? * Temptation for historians to divide past events in eras of epochs * The interwar period should be considered as an armistice because the first world war was a major reason why the second world started. A peace treaty was made but deep in the Germans hearts the anger was still there. * It started with the victorious conclusion of major war fought to prevent German domination of Europe and ended with the outbreak of a second and more blood conflict for the same purpose * Winston Churchill and many of his contemporaries characterised 1914-1945 as "Thirty Years War". This seem appropriate because Germany was not destroyed in 1918 and the peace settlements of 1919-1920 appeared to many people to be a temporary truce before a new war broke out * Marshal Foch, Commander-in-Chief of the Allied armies in 1918 described the Treaty of Versailles as an armistice that would only last for 20 years * ...read more.


How effectively were the treaties enforced? The economic depression The American Senate refuse to accept principle of American involvement in the League. Its failure to ratify the Treaty of Versailles ensured that all plans for an Anglo-American guarantee of France were abandoned. Leaving Britain and France to enforce peace with its' fundamentally different approaches Arguments over: reparation payments, disarmament; the implementation of the Treaty in Eastern Europe, particularly in Upper Silesia Anglo-French disagreements over Germany started when French, on the pretext of late German reparation deliveries in coal and timber, occupied the Ruhr. Their intention was not only to force Germany to honour its reparation obligations but also to split off the Rhineland from Germany by creating a French satellite state there. Britain adopted "benevolent passivity" policy and refused to cooperate with the French, in early 1924 it became clear that French policy was failing and that Britain together with USA was able to bring Ruhr conflict to an end by convincing both France and Germany to accept the Dawes Plan Problems with carrying out the Treaty of S�vres with Turkey because it was an Anglo-French compromise. ...read more.


The Allied Disarmament Commission was withdrawn from Germany. The total sum of reparations that Germany had to pay was cut and the British and French agreed to pull out completely from Rhineland 5 years earlier than they were committed to do by Treaty of Versailles The USA did abandon its policy of isolation a bit when they decided to formulate the Dawes Plan and join the League of Nation's Preparatory Commission set up to prepare for the World Disarmament conference, but they did keep their word in the end when the Senate refuses membership to the League of Nations 5 The League of Nations How did the League work and how successful was it? 6 The Consequences of the Great Depression What was the impact of the Great Depression on internationals politics? 7 The Collapse of the League and the Weakening of the Versailles System Why was the League unable to stop the aggressive policies of Japan and Italy, 1931-6? Why were Britain and France unable to stop Hitler from breaking key clauses of the Treaty of Versailles? 8 The Outbreak of the Second World War? What were the causes of the Second World War? Why did the policy of appeasement fail? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Assess the impact of the Treaty of Versailles on Germany, 1919-1930.

    OHH! * The Germans were also solely held responsible for paying for reparations; however, the Germans manage to only pay twenty percent of the costs. But end up paying five billion American dollars of the time both in currency and goods.

  2. Interwar Years: 1919-39

    * Furthermore, the issue was the source of ongoing disagreement between France and Britain, particularly over France's occupation of the Ruhr in 1923. Military Restrictions * The German army was limited to 10,000 volunteers enlisted for a 12-year period of service, conscription was forbidden in order to prevent the creation of a reserve.

  1. Condensed Treaty of Versailles

    to the way it was, where everyone was equal Erich Ludendorff on the New German Government, February 1919 * Power of the state had failed during WWI * Government caused the fall themselves * They were not able to understand history, or the signs of time, or be in favour

  2. To what extent did the Prague spring weaken Moscow(TM)s hold over Czechoslovakia, and Eastern ...

    The Prague Spring was put down in a matter of weeks. Dubcek was called to Moscow and deposed. He was slowly demoted until became completely insignificant, another cog in the Communist beaurocracy in a manner of speaking. The Prague Spring as a whole conveyed the meaning of the word "democracy"

  1. Extended Essay - The Role of a UN-Secretary General to Achieve World Peace: The ...

    Sadly, many of these rioters were arrested by the Burmese military government and the remains of U Thant were sealed in a mausoleum near the Shwedagon Pagoda. Such tragedy happened to the body of a person who had embraced peace and loathed violence throughout his life.

  2. History questions on Soviet Russia and its relations with the rest of the World.

    Churchill also believes that a war is not inevitable, it is imminent. He says this because he still believes ?our fortune is in our own hands? and that if we do not act soon enough and simply wait for something to happen then the dangers will become worse.

  1. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    Lost control of the countryside when provisional governors were replaced with zemstva. Communes and Soviets developed and showed independence. 3. Army discipline collapsed as soldiers elected their own Soviets which ignored officers? orders. Decision to continue the war caused many soldiers to desert and return home incase land was redistributed.

  2. To What Extent was the Treaty of Versailles a fair treaty that could keep ...

    The book?s value includes that it covers many of the events happening during WWI, in-deep look of the Treaty itself as well as the view of different historians. It provides knowledge from different people and historian?s view to avoid any biased information.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work