• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Historical Investigation

Extracts from this document...


Plan of Investigation This investigation will evaluate the Moscow summer Olympics in 1980. The three questions will be assessed: Why did the United States boycott the Moscow Olympics in 1980? How did they build support for the boycott? And did the boycott effect the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan? To understand these questions better, several topics will be researched. What the effects of the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan were on the United States. The actions they took to provoke others to support the boycott, such as deadlines, tours to spread education of it, or forceful tactics. Also, how the war ended and when it ended. Summary of evidence * Walton, Andy. "Olympic Boycotts." CNN Interactive. 2 Oct. 2008 <http://www.cnn.com/specials/cold.war/episodes/20/spotlight/>. After Soviet tanks rolled into Afghanistan in 1979, U.S. President Carter brought politics to the forefront. He called for the U.S. team to boycott the 1980 Moscow Olympics. * Bureau of Public Affairs. "The Olympic Boycott, 1980." U.S. Department of State. 2 Nov. 2008<http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ho/time/qfp/104481.htm>. The information from this source is where the idea of the boycott came from. When the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan on December 27, 1979, the international community broadly took action by declaring the penalty for this act. ...read more.


These Olympic boycotts were just one manifestation of the cooling relations between the United States and the Soviet Union in the early 1980s. Evaluation of Sources The two sources are the article from the Bureau of Public Affairs and the book The Political Olympics: Moscow, Afghanistan, and the 1980 U.S. Boycott by Derick Hulme. Derick Hulme received his B.A. in 1983 from St. Lawrence University and his M.A.L.D. and Ph.D. in 1988 from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University. He is currently Assistant Professor of Political Science at Simpson College in Iowa. He also wrote two other books, Israeli-Palestinian Road Map for Peace: A Critical Analysis and Palestinian Terrorism and U.S. Policy 1969-1977: Dynamics of Response. This is a very credible source in the sense that this author has a background in political science. The claims made in this book are supported by facts and first person experiences. This book excludes biases, making it a reliable source. It provides valuable information for this investigation because it analyses the decision of the boycott and the internal and external campaign. ...read more.


Although it was very widespread and drew great attention to the problem, the threat by Carter to pressure the Soviets to withdraw did not have a significant impact on the decision as to when it would end. The biggest effect this international response had was bringing politics to the Olympic Games as opposed to the initial intent which was to put pressure on the Soviet Union. List of Sources Bureau of Public Affairs. "The Olympic Boycott, 1980." U.S. Department of State. 2 Nov. 2008 <http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ho/time/qfp/104481.htm>. Hulme, Derick. The Political Olympics: Moscow, Afghanistan, and the 1980 U.S. Boycott. Praeger New York, 1990. Walton, Andy. "Olympic Boycotts." CNN Interactive. 2 Oct. 2008 <http://www.cnn.com/specials/cold.war/episodes/20/spotlight/>. Rosenberg, Jennifer. "History of the Olympics." about.com. 18 Dec 2008 <http://history1900s.about.com/od/fadsfashion/a/olympics1980.htm>. "Moscow 1980." olympics . 2008. International Olympic Committee (r) IOC . 18 Dec 2008 <http://www.olympic.org/uk/games/past/index_uk.asp?OLGT=1&OLGY=1980>. 1980 Moscow Olympic Games ." Moscow-life.com . 2008. 18 Dec 2008 <http://www.moscow- life.com/>. McDonald, Brian . "Canada boycotts Moscow Olympics." CBC Didgital Archives . April 22, 1980. 18 Dec 2008 <http://archives.cbc.ca/sports/olympics/clips/3662/>. MacEachin, Doug . "The Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan in 1979." 26 Sept 2005. Institute for the Study of Diplomacy. 8 Jan 2009 <http://isd.georgetown.edu/Afghan_1_WR_group.pdf>. Kakar, M. Hassan . Afghanistan. London: UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA PRESS, 1995. ?? ?? ?? ?? Murray 000917-021 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Why did Canada send troops to Afghanistan

    a forthcoming meeting of President George Bush and Prime Minister Jean Chr´┐Żtien.9 The following day, Minister of National Defence, Art Eggleton, announced Operation Apollo, the moniker of the first American moon landing, and one obviously chosen to express solidarity with the United States in its moment of tragedy.10Consequently, on December

  2. Source Analysis. This investigation focuses on how Cuba was affected by the U.S. ...

    the audience--the Cuban citizens--are hearing the official view of the President of the US. The views of any president are to be heard and taken importantly, even if these views are bias or not directly what the entire country think.

  1. Historical Investigation IB

    met to discuss how to deal with the acts. Foner also argues that the colonies saw the restrictions placed on Massachusetts as indicative of the fate of the colonies as a whole20 and that this fear of being subjected to totalitarian rule led an impassable opposition of British rule which gave them the fortitude needed to declare their independence.

  2. WW2 historical investigation. To assess the degree to which intelligence lead to the victory ...

    One of these was the breaking of the German Enigma code as its extent to which it contributed to allied victory in The Battle of the Atlantic is considered. Ultra could be utilized to a great extent in offensive operations.

  1. Historical Investigation - League of Nations - Abyssinian crisis

    Britain and France could not be relied on because they were already weakened by the First World War. Also, Great Powers like Germany and United States did not join the LON. The LON tried to help Ethiopia by pulling off sanctions against materials; however, the LON took over six weeks

  2. IB Historical Investigation

    of 1962, Colombian government reported an estimation of about 150,000 families without land, and the number was arising at a constant rate of 10% annually.7 To worsen the national circumstance was that the imbalanced ownerships of land had produced massive discontent in the society.

  1. Historical Investigation

    A report of the Ordnungspolizei7 states that resistance in the district of Barmbek was quite strong - 'With the help of the citizens living in that district and the communists, also mostly locals, it was possible to quickly organise effective resistance'8,9[against the police forces].

  2. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    - Second accord "A Framework for the Conclusion of a Peace Treaty between Egypt and Israel" draft of peace agreement to be negotiated and signed within 3 months - Intended to get free passage for Israeli ships through Egypt

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work