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Historical Investigation

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Introduction

Plan of Investigation This investigation will evaluate the Moscow summer Olympics in 1980. The three questions will be assessed: Why did the United States boycott the Moscow Olympics in 1980? How did they build support for the boycott? And did the boycott effect the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan? To understand these questions better, several topics will be researched. What the effects of the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan were on the United States. The actions they took to provoke others to support the boycott, such as deadlines, tours to spread education of it, or forceful tactics. Also, how the war ended and when it ended. Summary of evidence * Walton, Andy. "Olympic Boycotts." CNN Interactive. 2 Oct. 2008 <http://www.cnn.com/specials/cold.war/episodes/20/spotlight/>. After Soviet tanks rolled into Afghanistan in 1979, U.S. President Carter brought politics to the forefront. He called for the U.S. team to boycott the 1980 Moscow Olympics. * Bureau of Public Affairs. "The Olympic Boycott, 1980." U.S. Department of State. 2 Nov. 2008<http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ho/time/qfp/104481.htm>. The information from this source is where the idea of the boycott came from. When the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan on December 27, 1979, the international community broadly took action by declaring the penalty for this act. ...read more.

Middle

These Olympic boycotts were just one manifestation of the cooling relations between the United States and the Soviet Union in the early 1980s. Evaluation of Sources The two sources are the article from the Bureau of Public Affairs and the book The Political Olympics: Moscow, Afghanistan, and the 1980 U.S. Boycott by Derick Hulme. Derick Hulme received his B.A. in 1983 from St. Lawrence University and his M.A.L.D. and Ph.D. in 1988 from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University. He is currently Assistant Professor of Political Science at Simpson College in Iowa. He also wrote two other books, Israeli-Palestinian Road Map for Peace: A Critical Analysis and Palestinian Terrorism and U.S. Policy 1969-1977: Dynamics of Response. This is a very credible source in the sense that this author has a background in political science. The claims made in this book are supported by facts and first person experiences. This book excludes biases, making it a reliable source. It provides valuable information for this investigation because it analyses the decision of the boycott and the internal and external campaign. ...read more.

Conclusion

Although it was very widespread and drew great attention to the problem, the threat by Carter to pressure the Soviets to withdraw did not have a significant impact on the decision as to when it would end. The biggest effect this international response had was bringing politics to the Olympic Games as opposed to the initial intent which was to put pressure on the Soviet Union. List of Sources Bureau of Public Affairs. "The Olympic Boycott, 1980." U.S. Department of State. 2 Nov. 2008 <http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ho/time/qfp/104481.htm>. Hulme, Derick. The Political Olympics: Moscow, Afghanistan, and the 1980 U.S. Boycott. Praeger New York, 1990. Walton, Andy. "Olympic Boycotts." CNN Interactive. 2 Oct. 2008 <http://www.cnn.com/specials/cold.war/episodes/20/spotlight/>. Rosenberg, Jennifer. "History of the Olympics." about.com. 18 Dec 2008 <http://history1900s.about.com/od/fadsfashion/a/olympics1980.htm>. "Moscow 1980." olympics . 2008. International Olympic Committee (r) IOC . 18 Dec 2008 <http://www.olympic.org/uk/games/past/index_uk.asp?OLGT=1&OLGY=1980>. 1980 Moscow Olympic Games ." Moscow-life.com . 2008. 18 Dec 2008 <http://www.moscow- life.com/>. McDonald, Brian . "Canada boycotts Moscow Olympics." CBC Didgital Archives . April 22, 1980. 18 Dec 2008 <http://archives.cbc.ca/sports/olympics/clips/3662/>. MacEachin, Doug . "The Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan in 1979." 26 Sept 2005. Institute for the Study of Diplomacy. 8 Jan 2009 <http://isd.georgetown.edu/Afghan_1_WR_group.pdf>. Kakar, M. Hassan . Afghanistan. London: UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA PRESS, 1995. ?? ?? ?? ?? Murray 000917-021 1 ...read more.

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