• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Historical Investigation - French monarchy

Extracts from this document...


A: Plan of the Investigation Purpose: How did the French Monarchy contribute to the coming of the Revolution? The French revolution was by far the most momentous upheaval of the whole revolutionary age. The impact of French revolution on the world was so huge that it led many people to consider the causes of it, French monarchy being the one. This investigation seeks to ascertain the ways in which the French Monarchy was responsible for the Revolution, and thus its own downfall. Following a narrative of key events, each major monarchical error is identified, and analyzed in detail. Afterwards, the sources used in this investigation would be evaluated comprehensively in which their purpose, value, bias and limitations are carefully considered. This investigation is a success if the main failings that led to the Monarchy's downfall are elucidated, and the limitations of each source are understood. Word Count: 140 Summary of Evidence: 1. The Financial Crisis and the meeting with Estates general: Due to the economic crisis, by 1788 the French Monarchy was dangerously close to bankruptcy. Louis XVI, the King of France, was advised by his councillors to arrange a meeting of the Estates General1. ...read more.


This angered the people of the third estate since they represented about 95% and they could still be outvoted by the other two estates. In frustration, the Third Estate began to encourage members of other estates to join them12. On June 17, they declared themselves the National Assembly13. 3. People's response to King's action In defiance of the King, the Third Estate's members met at Tennis Court at Versailles on June 20, and swore that they would never disband until they have drafted a constitution14. Upon hearing of the National Assembly's formation, King Louis XVI held a general gathering in which the government attempted to threaten the Third Estate into submission15. Louis XVI suggested that people's actions were childish and ineffectual, and that they should leave immediately16. Mirabeau, a noble who was speaking on behalf of the Third Estate asked the Duc de Br�z�, the King's representative, to tell Louis that: "only bayonets can drive us forth." 17 Although the king had enough troops he could not gather the decisiveness to remove the Third Estate's deputies18. 4. King trying to save monarchy and Storming of Bastille King Louis XVI was forced to make major concessions since he did not want to bring sufficient force to bear on the revolutionaries. ...read more.


28. The king was dissatisfied with new constitution; therefore he decided to run away from Paris, on June 21, 1791, in search of troops still loyal to the Monarchy. The royal family were found, recognized and apprehended at Varennes. When news of king's flight reached to the people in Paris, his image as king was destroyed and with the passing of Mirabeau (the oracle), he had no diplomatic orator capable of arguing in favour of his interests with the people. The Crowd went back to get the king while also began to Crowds began to assemble seeking the complete abrogation of the King's role. Though that crowd was dispersed, their views were becoming more and more prevalent in the recently renamed Legislative Assembly; the ranks of the Girondins, a radical left-wing faction, were swelling. The fiercely patriotic Legislative Assembly declared war on the Austrians and the French in 1792, and mobilized the armies of France to "defend the Revolution." As anti-monarchical sentiment increased in the crowds, the King and Queen were labelled traitors and Austrian sympathizers. For the Revolutionaries, their suspicions were confirmed when the invading Austro-Prussian army wrote a belligerent manifesto threatening to sack Paris if the King was harmed. On August 10, a Revolutionary committee approved the eradication of the Monarchy, and the Tuileries was promptly stormed. The Throne of France had fallen. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. The French Revolution was directed by the middle class. How valid is this comment ...

    The middle class is then fighting for their rights in administration. There are many leaders in the French revolution from different kinds of people. But it cannot be denied that the middle class is the one that sparked the revolution as they are the educated ones that demand a change in government.

  2. How far would you agree that the February/March revolution that overthrew the Russian monarchy ...

    However, it was the movement of the people which represented almost a threat for the elite, threw it into panic and forced it to take further steps. Without the presence of the demonstrators, the higher ranks of society had no need to act immediately.

  1. WW2 historical investigation. To assess the degree to which intelligence lead to the victory ...

    The book is also limited because of its brief overview it does not give all details to understand the complexity of the Battle of the Atlantic thoroughly. It values are that it is easily understood, and provides an insight into naval operations, strategies, and technology.

  2. What were the causes of the French Revolution?

    The second cause of the French revolution was the Age of Enlightenment and the writings of the philosophers. During the age of enlightenment philosophers emphasized the use of reason as the best method of learning the truth. For example through the Baron de Montesquieu in his "Lettres Persanes" the philosopher

  1. The French Revolution. Second Storming of the Tuileries 1792 - Significance & Historiography

    The role of the revolutionary crowd in the period of June 1791 to January 1793 is a debatable one, with differing opinions held by many historians. Historian Christopher Hibbert contends that the acts committed by the revolutionary crowd during the September Massacres (2nd - 6th September 1792)

  2. Historical Investigation - League of Nations - Abyssinian crisis

    On 17 June 1936, Eden announced to the Assembly that Britain would end the sanctions against Italy14. On 5 May 1936, Chamberlain proposed that he would no longer support sanctions because Europe was already in danger and did not want to risk struggle in Mediterranean.15 On June 1936, Haile Selassie

  1. What was the main cause of the French Revolution?

    Philosophers and great teachers wanted the French people who were of a particular lower class to realize they were treated unfairly and had to do something about it. ?It is time to teach kings that the silence of the laws about their crimes is the ill consequence of their power and not the will of reason or equity.

  2. Was Napolean an Heir to the French Revolution?

    Of these approaches I find the Marxist interpretation most convincing and therefore I will now move on to briefly explore this, in order to portray my definition of the French Revolution. The Ancien regime saw an absolute monarch with complete power, running a feudal based society and economy.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work