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Historical Investigation - French monarchy

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Introduction

A: Plan of the Investigation Purpose: How did the French Monarchy contribute to the coming of the Revolution? The French revolution was by far the most momentous upheaval of the whole revolutionary age. The impact of French revolution on the world was so huge that it led many people to consider the causes of it, French monarchy being the one. This investigation seeks to ascertain the ways in which the French Monarchy was responsible for the Revolution, and thus its own downfall. Following a narrative of key events, each major monarchical error is identified, and analyzed in detail. Afterwards, the sources used in this investigation would be evaluated comprehensively in which their purpose, value, bias and limitations are carefully considered. This investigation is a success if the main failings that led to the Monarchy's downfall are elucidated, and the limitations of each source are understood. Word Count: 140 Summary of Evidence: 1. The Financial Crisis and the meeting with Estates general: Due to the economic crisis, by 1788 the French Monarchy was dangerously close to bankruptcy. Louis XVI, the King of France, was advised by his councillors to arrange a meeting of the Estates General1. ...read more.

Middle

This angered the people of the third estate since they represented about 95% and they could still be outvoted by the other two estates. In frustration, the Third Estate began to encourage members of other estates to join them12. On June 17, they declared themselves the National Assembly13. 3. People's response to King's action In defiance of the King, the Third Estate's members met at Tennis Court at Versailles on June 20, and swore that they would never disband until they have drafted a constitution14. Upon hearing of the National Assembly's formation, King Louis XVI held a general gathering in which the government attempted to threaten the Third Estate into submission15. Louis XVI suggested that people's actions were childish and ineffectual, and that they should leave immediately16. Mirabeau, a noble who was speaking on behalf of the Third Estate asked the Duc de Br�z�, the King's representative, to tell Louis that: "only bayonets can drive us forth." 17 Although the king had enough troops he could not gather the decisiveness to remove the Third Estate's deputies18. 4. King trying to save monarchy and Storming of Bastille King Louis XVI was forced to make major concessions since he did not want to bring sufficient force to bear on the revolutionaries. ...read more.

Conclusion

28. The king was dissatisfied with new constitution; therefore he decided to run away from Paris, on June 21, 1791, in search of troops still loyal to the Monarchy. The royal family were found, recognized and apprehended at Varennes. When news of king's flight reached to the people in Paris, his image as king was destroyed and with the passing of Mirabeau (the oracle), he had no diplomatic orator capable of arguing in favour of his interests with the people. The Crowd went back to get the king while also began to Crowds began to assemble seeking the complete abrogation of the King's role. Though that crowd was dispersed, their views were becoming more and more prevalent in the recently renamed Legislative Assembly; the ranks of the Girondins, a radical left-wing faction, were swelling. The fiercely patriotic Legislative Assembly declared war on the Austrians and the French in 1792, and mobilized the armies of France to "defend the Revolution." As anti-monarchical sentiment increased in the crowds, the King and Queen were labelled traitors and Austrian sympathizers. For the Revolutionaries, their suspicions were confirmed when the invading Austro-Prussian army wrote a belligerent manifesto threatening to sack Paris if the King was harmed. On August 10, a Revolutionary committee approved the eradication of the Monarchy, and the Tuileries was promptly stormed. The Throne of France had fallen. ...read more.

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