• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Historical Investigation - French monarchy

Extracts from this document...


A: Plan of the Investigation Purpose: How did the French Monarchy contribute to the coming of the Revolution? The French revolution was by far the most momentous upheaval of the whole revolutionary age. The impact of French revolution on the world was so huge that it led many people to consider the causes of it, French monarchy being the one. This investigation seeks to ascertain the ways in which the French Monarchy was responsible for the Revolution, and thus its own downfall. Following a narrative of key events, each major monarchical error is identified, and analyzed in detail. Afterwards, the sources used in this investigation would be evaluated comprehensively in which their purpose, value, bias and limitations are carefully considered. This investigation is a success if the main failings that led to the Monarchy's downfall are elucidated, and the limitations of each source are understood. Word Count: 140 Summary of Evidence: 1. The Financial Crisis and the meeting with Estates general: Due to the economic crisis, by 1788 the French Monarchy was dangerously close to bankruptcy. Louis XVI, the King of France, was advised by his councillors to arrange a meeting of the Estates General1. ...read more.


This angered the people of the third estate since they represented about 95% and they could still be outvoted by the other two estates. In frustration, the Third Estate began to encourage members of other estates to join them12. On June 17, they declared themselves the National Assembly13. 3. People's response to King's action In defiance of the King, the Third Estate's members met at Tennis Court at Versailles on June 20, and swore that they would never disband until they have drafted a constitution14. Upon hearing of the National Assembly's formation, King Louis XVI held a general gathering in which the government attempted to threaten the Third Estate into submission15. Louis XVI suggested that people's actions were childish and ineffectual, and that they should leave immediately16. Mirabeau, a noble who was speaking on behalf of the Third Estate asked the Duc de Br�z�, the King's representative, to tell Louis that: "only bayonets can drive us forth." 17 Although the king had enough troops he could not gather the decisiveness to remove the Third Estate's deputies18. 4. King trying to save monarchy and Storming of Bastille King Louis XVI was forced to make major concessions since he did not want to bring sufficient force to bear on the revolutionaries. ...read more.


28. The king was dissatisfied with new constitution; therefore he decided to run away from Paris, on June 21, 1791, in search of troops still loyal to the Monarchy. The royal family were found, recognized and apprehended at Varennes. When news of king's flight reached to the people in Paris, his image as king was destroyed and with the passing of Mirabeau (the oracle), he had no diplomatic orator capable of arguing in favour of his interests with the people. The Crowd went back to get the king while also began to Crowds began to assemble seeking the complete abrogation of the King's role. Though that crowd was dispersed, their views were becoming more and more prevalent in the recently renamed Legislative Assembly; the ranks of the Girondins, a radical left-wing faction, were swelling. The fiercely patriotic Legislative Assembly declared war on the Austrians and the French in 1792, and mobilized the armies of France to "defend the Revolution." As anti-monarchical sentiment increased in the crowds, the King and Queen were labelled traitors and Austrian sympathizers. For the Revolutionaries, their suspicions were confirmed when the invading Austro-Prussian army wrote a belligerent manifesto threatening to sack Paris if the King was harmed. On August 10, a Revolutionary committee approved the eradication of the Monarchy, and the Tuileries was promptly stormed. The Throne of France had fallen. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. WW2 historical investigation. To assess the degree to which intelligence lead to the victory ...

    15 However, it can be argued that American crews were largely inexperienced in naval warfare. 16 Ultra contributed to allied victory by positioning the U-boats and coordinating attacks, aloud the allies to increase means of convoy protection. Considering the superiority of Fleet and Industrial capacity of the allied, Ultra can be held partially responsible for allied victory at sea.

  2. IB Historical Investigation

    Kennedy's Alliance for Progress examined by Jeffrey F. Taffet who was the Assistant Professor of History in the Department of Humanities at the United States Merchant Marine Academy at Kings Point. The source aimed to discuss the successes and failures of the Alliance for Progress which promoted growth in economy and reforms in politics with a subtle goal of combating Communism in Latin America.

  1. u.s. constitution

    10. -1791- Powers of the States and People. a. The Tenth amendment outlines the relationship and powers of the state government, federal government, and the people. It ensures that the federal government does not exercise powers that are not granted to them.

  2. What were the causes of the French Revolution?

    was able to show how laws, customs and manners were qualified to change. In "L'Esprit Des Lois" the philosopher showed that the law and principles of law differed from country to country according to circumstances. The philosopher was able to influence the people by encouraging the view that there was no fixed method of government preferable to any other.

  1. How far would you agree that the February/March revolution that overthrew the Russian monarchy ...

    II renounce his position, the Tsar was forced to abdicate in favor of his brother the Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich, who unexpectedly refused- thus marking the collapse of the dynasty of the Romanov on March 2. As the monarchy came to an abrupt end, the Provisional Government was left in

  2. The Life and Achievements of King Canute

    retained command of the sea and Olaf was forced to return to Norway overland instead of in his ships. 20 On his return to Denmark, Cnut dealt with Ulf whom he apparently suspected of conspiring with the enemy. Ulf was murdered in the sanctuary of Rothskilde church at Cnut's command.

  1. What was the main cause of the French Revolution?

    Philosophers and great teachers wanted the French people who were of a particular lower class to realize they were treated unfairly and had to do something about it. ?It is time to teach kings that the silence of the laws about their crimes is the ill consequence of their power and not the will of reason or equity.

  2. Was Napolean an Heir to the French Revolution?

    For a long time after the revolution, the most dominant form historiography on the subject was the Marxist interpretation. This interpretation went largely unchallenged until the 1950?s and the arrival of the first generation revisionists. This was essentially a critique of the Marxist interpretation.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work