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Historical Investigation IB

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Introduction

Connor Lawrence Historical Investigation 'To what extent was British taxation of the American Colonies the most important reason for their eventual Declaration of Independence?' Plan The American Revolution began with their Declaration of Independence on July 4th 1776. The cause for this declaration is widely disputed but two leading arguments have formed. The first is that the greater taxation upon the American colonials caused widespread unrest and eventually their want for freedom. The second states that critical change in British rule of the American colonies after the French-Indian war caused friction between the colonials and their imperial counter parts as their former liberties were slowly removed. This essay will work to identify whether the economic problems of 'taxation without representation' caused the declaration, or if the major changes in political policy sparked off the American fight for liberty. I will look closely at the Declaration of Independence, a primary source written by the Americans at the time of the revolution, and 'The Pelican History of America' by Hugh Brogan which is a secondary source written in 1986 in order to help me come to a general conclusion as to what extent taxation was the most important reason for the American Declaration of Independence. ...read more.

Middle

Whilst using many British sources, Brogan also refers to a number of American primary sources to give a better idea of the feelings of the American people. This broader analysis of America's revolutionary reasoning adds value to the source. It is limited by the fact that it is secondary source, drawing it away from the accuracy of primary information. No matter how many primary sources are referred to, the end result is an analysis based on the opinion of Brogan. Although, this limitation can simultaneously be seen as a value as Brogan can, unlike the authors of primary sources, look back with hindsight and sift through a multitude of documents before coming to a final conclusion on the cause of American Revolution. Analysis The change in Britain's taxation policies caused a great deal of unrest amongst the colonists. The light violent and political opposition to the Stamp Act showed the British that the colonies would not stand for their interference and thus heightened the tension between them, taking them one step closer to revolution. The opposition to the Stamp Acts set the ground for the more violent opposition of the other tax policies which followed. The Townshend Acts show most clearly the anger which taxation drew out of the colonists. ...read more.

Conclusion

Word Count- 1,999 words 1 'The Readers Companion to American History' Eric Foner and John Garraty, pp. 936-937 2Copy of official document Stamp Act from website www.americanrevolution.com 3 'A Pelican History of America' by Hugh Brogan, ed. 1986, Pelican Books, pp.46-48 4 Ibid ^ 5 'The Founding of a Nation: A History', by Merrill Jensen, Hackett Publishing 2004, p.73 6Copy of official document Townshend Acts from website www.americanrevolution.com 7Copy of official document Quartering Act from website www.americanrevolution.com 8 'The Readers Companion to American History' Eric Foner and John Garraty, p.896 9Copy of official document Coercive Act from website www.americanrevolution.com 10Copy of official document New England Restraining Act from website www.americanrevolution.com 11'The Readers Companion to American History' Eric Foner and John Garraty, p.938 12 A Pelican History of America' by Hugh Brogan, ed. 1986, Pelican Books, p.90 13 William S. Carpenter, "Taxation Without Representation" in Dictionary of American History, Volume 7 (1976); Miller (1943) 14'The Readers Companion to American History' Eric Foner and John Garraty, p.938 15Ibid^ 16 A Pelican History of America' by Hugh Brogan, ed. 1986, Pelican Books, p.92 17 Copy of official document Declaration of Independence from website www.americanrevolution.com 18'1776' David McCullough p.17 19'The Readers Companion to American History' Eric Foner and John Garraty, p.938 20The Readers Companion to American History' Eric Foner and John Garraty, p.939 ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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