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History Assignment

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Introduction

HISTORY ASSIGNMENT Essay 1 - Assess the results of the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-05 on the internal as well as external domains of Czarist Russia. The Russo-Japanese War was fought in 1904-05 and had terrible effects on Russia. Russia faced a horrifying unexpected loss which hampered its economy, people, growth, and all thoughts of expansion in the East. The war had far reaching consequences on Russia and on Japan. It led to many events, signing of treaties, change in Russia's foreign policy, and eventually also became one of the major causes leading to the Revolution of 1905. The first major event that occurred after the Russo Japanese War was 'Bloody Sunday'. Occurring on 22nd January 1905, it was the beginning of opposition to tsarist rule, which eventually involved members of the urban workers, armed forces, peasantry and middle classes. ...read more.

Middle

The army was discredited, which encouraged the revolutionary movements to come out to the streets and erect barricades. This marked the birth of the Soviets. The Soviets were revolutionary committees which consisted of representatives of peasantry, workers, and several unsatisfied soldiers. There were also known as 'the soviets of workers and soldiers deputies'. As a response to the 1905 Revolution the October Manifesto was issued on October 17, 1905, by Nicholas II. The October Manifesto promised the establishment of a representative assembly (The Duma), which ultimately persuaded the Liberals to pull out of the revolution. Zemestva and Mir were then functioning. Several other political parties were formed and recognised. The manifesto also pacified the peasantry by promising the cancellation of their redemption payments. Internally, the October Manifesto was used to pacify the population, and on the external front the Russo- Japanese war was formally ended by the Treaty of Portsmouth. ...read more.

Conclusion

The ultimate result of Pan Slavism was tension in the Balkan area as there was rivalry between Austria- Hungary and Russia for ascendency over the new states. The impact of the Russo Japanese War was mixed, producing a combination of results. The war exerted a considerable impact on the Russian foreign policy, and Russia now asserted its ambitions to the West. Due to the war, Bloody Sunday took place, the Treaty of Portsmouth was signed, the October Manifesto was issued, Pan Slavism as a policy arose, and there was change in internal politics. However, the impact of the war on revolution was limited. The revolutionaries failed to achieve their full objectives due to the limited nature of the conflict. Overall, the Russo Japanese war shook the regime, but not enough to cause its collapse. The war led to a Revolution and military defeat, and eventually contributed to the outbreak of the First World War, which when Russia joined, became a struggle which really did destroy the base of Czarism. ...read more.

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