• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

History Document Based Assessment

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

1. Describe and analyze concepts of nobility in France over the period from the late sixteenth century to the late eighteenth century. With the growing need of financial support for the French monarchy in the sixteenth century, government offices were sold which would confer nobility upon those who purchased them. These newer nobles were known as "robe" nobles, in contrast to the traditional "sword" nobility who earned their titles through military service. The distinction and separation of the "sword" nobility and the "robe" nobility brought about new views on the concept of nobility throughout France from the late sixteenth century to the late eighteenth century which largely included the ideas that of the "sword" nobility which asserted their superiority to the "robe" due to the sacrifice their ancestors gave in battle, that which stated the financial sacrifice of the "robe" nobility to be equal to that of the "sword," and that which spoke out against the corruption of the noble title. The "sword" nobility would often view itself as superior to the "robe" nobility. In Document 9, a quote from Gilles Andr� de La Roque's Treatise on the Nobility, in 1678 says "The great nobles of the sword are drawn from a race ...read more.

Middle

Now it seems to be all that is required to aspire to any office." On the opposing side, some viewed the authenticity and authority of the "robe" nobility to be equal to that of the "sword" nobility. In his preamble to an edict granting nobility, King Louis XIV said that "An individual who sacrifices his wealth to support the armies that protect the state can merit, in a manner of speaking, the same reward as those who shed blood to defend it." Though his high position lends credibility to the document, as the monarch of the state and the one who is appointing the title to the "robe" nobles for financial support, Louis's statements can easily be drawn to bias. However, interestingly enough, Pierre de La Primaudaye states in his 1577 work, The French Academy, that "It does one no good to boast of an ancient lineage or to live for the luster of one's noble and virtuous ancestors if you are worth nothing by yourself." As Pierre de La Primaudaye is a sword noble himself, it is interesting that he would bring equality to the argument by declaring nobility to be the truly derived from one's own doings instead of that of a lineage which has no course on one's own actions. ...read more.

Conclusion

" Merlin emphasizes the need of laws against such fraudulent claims which asserts the assumption to the reader that such claims are common in society. One such case is that of Antoine de Montchrestien in 1621. A newspaper obituary for de Montchrestien states "He studied, devoted himself to French poetry, and succeeded in writing some good verses. Then, at the age of twenty, he learned fencing and horseback riding from masters. While keeping company with nobles, he played the noble, the gallant one, the hardy one, the quarrelsome one, so as to fight a duel. He called himself the Baron of Vatteville, but in fact there was no land or estate of Vatteville." Though the concepts of nobility in France from the late sixteenth to the late eighteenth century differed from person to person, there was a general line between the robe and sword nobility. There generally existed those who stood for the superiority of the "sword" nobility to the "robe" nobility, those who stood for the equality of the two, and those who stood against the corruption of either and nobility through one's own personal actions rather than those of one's ancestors, be it financially or through battle. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Internal Assessment: Camp David and Oslo Accords

    Jerusalem as a religious and political capital * Arafat refused Barak's suggestion, of Israel giving back most of West Bank occupied territory since 1967 and the Muslim and Christian areas in Jerusalem6 * (July 18) Barak proposed limited Palestinian resettlement in Israel under international supervision * Arafat's view * Palestinian

  2. Gender Equality in the Military

    be terminated.23 The WASP received no military recognition or benefit.24 "When they were killed in the line of duty, the families of the fallen or their classmates had to pay for their bodies to be shipped home."25 None of the 38 females killed during their service as WASPs were allowed

  1. History Internal assessment- The causes of the Declaration of independance

    Great emphasis and detail are put into the war itself and how it was conducted, as well as the reasons for an American victory. However this information has a limited value. * Hill, C. P. - A History of the United States, published by Edward Arnold, F.P.

  2. Investigacin Histrica: En qu medida la expropiacin de tierras emprendida durante el gobierno de ...

    millones de campesinos."7 Asimismo en el Per�, con cerca de un mill�n y medio de kil�metros, las extensiones de cultivo son muy reducidas. La reforma agraria, pregonada como la mas heroica realizaci�n del gobierno revolucionario, no ha servido para el objetivo elemental de alimentar mejor a los peruanos."

  1. Ethiopian History

    After three days of divine communication, Lalibela returned to mortal existence and accepted the throne from his brother, who had also been visited by God (and told to abdicate to Lalibela). Both brothers traveled to the city of Roha and began the construction of the churches.

  2. 20th Century History Revision Notes

    Flanders Region, Belgium Somme River, (Northern France) Flanders Regions Problems during Battle Germans controlled Vimy Ridge (an excellent vantage point for surrounding areas) Lots of mud, causing sticky and awful fighting conditions. Trench Warfare (Stalemate) Use of old tactics (charging cavalry) The use of Toxic Gas while the Allies had no defense for it.

  1. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    Evaluation - The use of terrorist techniques such as aircraft hijacking, assassination, massacres, and suicide bombings, have all had a profound impact on Israeli and Palestinian communities - For the Palestinians terrorism gave their situation publicity and a voice, although not necessarily once supported by all nor one to which the global sphere responded well.

  2. Mao Zedong. Should Knowledge be Based on Authority of the Evidence of the ...

    The state trading companies could not increase the amount of grains produced from rural units for urban consumption. Chinese agriculture ran on the basis of private land ownership and one-family farm basis for more than 2,000 years. After the People's Republic of China was established, the CCP claimed that they

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work