• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

history essay german unification

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

History Essay In what way and to what extent between 1862 and 1871 was Germany unified under Prussia? Liselotte Meijer 1st essay � ISH � 2nd of November 2007 In this essay I am going to discuss and answer the following question; in what way and to what extent between 1862-1871 was Germany unified under Prussia? The question makes me look at how the German states and Prussia were united as Germany and what was left of the German states culture and principles. Was the new German only a bigger Prussia or did they really unite shared culture and principles and also did they become a stronger nation? First I will set the scene in 1862; Otto von Bismarck was appointed Chancellor of Prussia by Wilhelm IV in 1862. Otto had tried to unify Germany before in 1848 but that failed, because the map of central Europe stood in 1850, Prussia competed with Austria for dominance over a series of small states fiercely keen on maintaining their independence. Prussia stretched from modern-day Lithuania to central Germany. Prussia also controlled the German lands around the Rhine River in the west. In between, from Denmark to Switzerland, lay small provinces that Bismarck needed to incorporate under the Prussian crown to create a successful and complete German Empire. ...read more.

Middle

economy they were able to win again Bismarck got independent states to join under his leadership in order to reach their goals of a unified German states. This was all supposedly through the power of nationalism. I also suspect the nations were threatened by Bismarck and his military might. The entire confederation was ruled by Bismarck and Wilhelm I. Bismarck was able to unite Germany both with nationalism as the starting, beginning force, but then using blood and iron to force people to comply and unite with his wishes. Economically I think that Prussia did not really gain from the unification as they already had a really strong economy. The german states had free trade with Prussia already and after the unification the economy only got stronger becuase there are more workforces and resources which were used better. The german states did not have that good economy. because it was overshadowed by the British. But because of the Prussian railways and strong industries boosted the german states' economy. The German empire had now more resources and with the management of the Prussian it was a successful formula. The German textiles and metal industries had by the beginning of the Franco-Prussian War surpassed those of Britain in organization and technical efficiency and usurped British manufacturers in the domestic market. ...read more.

Conclusion

Although the german states had to obey the Prussians in some way, the Prussians also listened to the German states becuase they knew that if they did not they will cause uproar and then they could say goodbye to their empire. In the Kulturkampf the religion seemed a big problem but the anti-socialist opinion seemed to bring the country together. Also Bismarck was able to create a nationalistic feeling. So I think that the German empire was led by the Prussians but as they were very strong they eventually created a new stronger and bigger empire under the wings of Prussia. The personal ambition is the key point to answering the question. He was known as a true Prussian, who loved his nationality, and was not planning to mix Prussian culture and rules with the rest of Germany. The fact that he as a Prussian leader was able to " We all wish that the Prussian eagle should spread out his wings as guardian and ruler from the Memel to the Donnersberg, but free will we have him, not bound by a new Regensburg Diet. Prussians we are and Prussians will we remain; I know that in these words I speak the confession of the Prussian army and the majority of my fellow-countrymen, and I hope to God that we will still long remain Prussian when this sheet of paper is forgotten like a withered autumn leaf."(bismarck) Liselotte Meijer � Liselotte Meijer � ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. the importance of the role of Bismarck in the unification of Germany in 1871

    In late 1863, a new Danish king was chosen (King Frederick VII had left no children). The duchies of Holstein and Schleswig said that inheritance was forbidden as it came through a female relative, and they put forward their own heir to the throne; the Duke of Augustenburg.

  2. Notes on German unification - main events

    liberals - The Erfurt Union o The Erfurt Union was an attempt by Prussia to gain the leadership of Germany o Radowitz, the Prussian Chancellor proposed it and by this agreement of 1849, Prussia held the presidency of the Germany Confederation o This was only really possible because of the

  1. Notes on Italian unification - background and main events

    After heroic defense, Garibaldi and Mazzini fled. French troops under Marshal Oudinot restored the Pope and occupied the Papal States (until 1870) - The French occupying force doesn't worry the Pope because he knows that without these French troops, revolutionaries and rebels might take over again - All of the

  2. Why was Germany unified by Prussia and not by Austria?

    The Austrian army though, was weak and unorganized. Unlike Prussia, its military officers got their positions not because of their skills or achievements but because of family status, and the training was unorganized. Although the Prussian military strength was much better than the Austrians, there was a problem in Prussia.

  1. Italian Unification Revision Notes. Italian Politics in 1815

    Apart from the Statuto granted to Piedmont by Charles Albert, none of the constitutions obtained from their rulers by the revolutionaries survived. None of the rulers forced from their states had been kept out for long. � Austria seemed more firmly in control of northern and central Italy than ever.

  2. The Unification of Germany

    The small states disliked this act by Prussia, which they had never liked, but they were chocked by Austria's decision as Austria had always sought to help the smaller states. This made Austria loose a lot of support from the small states.

  1. 20th Century History Revision Notes

    derived from splitting the atomic nuclei in uranium or plutonium. Enola Gay -Boeing B-29 bomber; aircraft that dropped atomic bombs in Japan Dieppe -August 19 1942: 6000 Canadian, British, American soldiers. -Landing was supposed to be at night, but plan was delayed and landed in broad daylight.

  2. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    - Israel yielded the vast expanse of the Sinai and also gave up oil fields in Sinai. - The Camp David Accords contained provisions that have formed the basis of all subsequent peace negotiations. Following the Intifada - At the Algiers Conference of November 1988, the PNC proclaimed the independent

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work