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history essay german unification

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Introduction

History Essay In what way and to what extent between 1862 and 1871 was Germany unified under Prussia? Liselotte Meijer 1st essay � ISH � 2nd of November 2007 In this essay I am going to discuss and answer the following question; in what way and to what extent between 1862-1871 was Germany unified under Prussia? The question makes me look at how the German states and Prussia were united as Germany and what was left of the German states culture and principles. Was the new German only a bigger Prussia or did they really unite shared culture and principles and also did they become a stronger nation? First I will set the scene in 1862; Otto von Bismarck was appointed Chancellor of Prussia by Wilhelm IV in 1862. Otto had tried to unify Germany before in 1848 but that failed, because the map of central Europe stood in 1850, Prussia competed with Austria for dominance over a series of small states fiercely keen on maintaining their independence. Prussia stretched from modern-day Lithuania to central Germany. Prussia also controlled the German lands around the Rhine River in the west. In between, from Denmark to Switzerland, lay small provinces that Bismarck needed to incorporate under the Prussian crown to create a successful and complete German Empire. ...read more.

Middle

economy they were able to win again Bismarck got independent states to join under his leadership in order to reach their goals of a unified German states. This was all supposedly through the power of nationalism. I also suspect the nations were threatened by Bismarck and his military might. The entire confederation was ruled by Bismarck and Wilhelm I. Bismarck was able to unite Germany both with nationalism as the starting, beginning force, but then using blood and iron to force people to comply and unite with his wishes. Economically I think that Prussia did not really gain from the unification as they already had a really strong economy. The german states had free trade with Prussia already and after the unification the economy only got stronger becuase there are more workforces and resources which were used better. The german states did not have that good economy. because it was overshadowed by the British. But because of the Prussian railways and strong industries boosted the german states' economy. The German empire had now more resources and with the management of the Prussian it was a successful formula. The German textiles and metal industries had by the beginning of the Franco-Prussian War surpassed those of Britain in organization and technical efficiency and usurped British manufacturers in the domestic market. ...read more.

Conclusion

Although the german states had to obey the Prussians in some way, the Prussians also listened to the German states becuase they knew that if they did not they will cause uproar and then they could say goodbye to their empire. In the Kulturkampf the religion seemed a big problem but the anti-socialist opinion seemed to bring the country together. Also Bismarck was able to create a nationalistic feeling. So I think that the German empire was led by the Prussians but as they were very strong they eventually created a new stronger and bigger empire under the wings of Prussia. The personal ambition is the key point to answering the question. He was known as a true Prussian, who loved his nationality, and was not planning to mix Prussian culture and rules with the rest of Germany. The fact that he as a Prussian leader was able to " We all wish that the Prussian eagle should spread out his wings as guardian and ruler from the Memel to the Donnersberg, but free will we have him, not bound by a new Regensburg Diet. Prussians we are and Prussians will we remain; I know that in these words I speak the confession of the Prussian army and the majority of my fellow-countrymen, and I hope to God that we will still long remain Prussian when this sheet of paper is forgotten like a withered autumn leaf."(bismarck) Liselotte Meijer � Liselotte Meijer � ...read more.

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