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History IA

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Introduction

History Internal Assessment How did the censorship of the Gallipoli campaign of 1915 socially affect the Australian home front immediately after World War 1 as well as the present day? By Shakti Sivakumar Ms Townend Word Count (including quotes): Due: 18th August 2011 Criteria A - Plan of Investigation Research Question: How did the censorship of the Gallipoli campaign of 1915 affect the Australian home front? Censorship during World War I was a major issue, fuelling numerous controversies during its years. Also due to the Gallipoli campaign's adverse affects on the Australian home front during and after the war, major changes in the Australian lifestyle took place, giving rise to major rebellions as well as homages to the people involved in the loss of the campaign in 1916. Areas to be studied in this investigation include the methods of censorship used during the campaign and the difference between the censored correspondences to the actual events. Correspondence between the war front and the home front as well as the affects of the censorship on the Australian home front in the aftermath of the campaign as well as the current affects today. ...read more.

Middle

Furthermore, the source also goes on to state that the Australian public often had a sense of pride for their "great diggers" (p339). Australia During the War by Ernest Scott in 1919 and was published by Angus and Robertson in Melbourne. This is a secondary source, due to it being written outside of the areas in which the book covers. Furthermore, the source also states that in an article about the torpedoing of the ship Southland by C.E.W Bean who was the official Australian war correspondent was strictly censored by the Australian censor, Captain William Maxwell. The source also goes on to state that Bean's approach at writing articles significantly changed over time and that due to his content being significantly censored, he changed his writing habits. The source also contains the uncensored and censored articles written by Bean Criteria C - Evaluation of Sources - First source above - could actually be censored, and therefore may have invalid information - However due to it being written after the war, censorship may not be a factor - Author was the Australian war ...read more.

Conclusion

the correspondence conveyed to the Australian public, Australians had a false sense of pride and therefore had no negative reaction to the incorrect information. Furthermore, various sources state that the Australian public generally wanted information on a "need to know basis" (Knightly, 1975) From that it can be inferred that generally the Australian public wanted more positive news rather than negative which would imply that the Australian public were scared of negative news, which would be news of casualties or losses of battles. As well as the Australian public, politicians also encouraged increasing use of censorship, to keep the general mindset of the Australian public positive. - Furthermore, letters to the home front from the battle front were strictly censored, which would further emphasise that the Australian public were not allowed to know about anything negative happening on the battlefield Criteria E - Conclusion In conclusion, the Australian public were in fact censored by the Australian government in the form of letters and newspaper articles, which generally made the public more positive due to the misinformation that the Australian public were receiving. ...read more.

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