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Hitler's consolidation of power. Step one: January March 1933: control at the center.

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Introduction

How did the Nazis establish a dictatorship in Germany? 'Step one: January - March 1933: control at the center. During this period, Hitler gained the power to bypass the Reichstag and enact laws on the authority of his Cabinet. Civil liberties were suspended to enable him to arrest and imprison political opponents.'- Oxford Advanced History: Germany, 1858-1990. Hope, Terror and Revival As soon as Hitler became the chancellor of German on the 30th of January 1933, he hold an radio broadcast speech for his supporters through out Germany on the next day. The broadcast was not only aimed to impress the supporters but also to gain new supporters. ...read more.

Middle

Hitler used 'The Reichstag fire' as an excuse to gain the decree for the protection of people and State repeals civil liberties from the president. The decree allows the government to arrest citizens without trial, search private housings and censor post. The 3rd of March saw the decree in action, where 4000 communists were arrested; among those was Thalmann the leader of the KPD communist party. The March election saw the growth in the number of votes for the Nazis (43.9% of the votes), who contrastingly failed to gain control of half of the Reichstag even with DNVP support. Hitler however, perceived such achievements in a more positive way. ...read more.

Conclusion

The result was 444 votes to 94 votes for The Enabling Act. Keep in mind that during the voting process which took place in the Kroll Opera House there were devisions of the SA and SS, patrolling the Reichstag, threatening the deputies. Furthermore, 81 KPD supporters and 26 socialist deputies were not allowed to be part of the voting process, the remained deputies who voted against the Act were members of the SPD. *Nazi felt the need for a deal with the Centre Party: 'Hitler promised to respect the Catholic church in return for the support of the Centre party. They took Hitler at his word and gave him their backing.' - Oxford Advanced History: Germany, 1858-1990. Hope, Terror and Revival Oxford Advanced History: Germany, 1858-1990. Hope, Terror and Revival. Alison Kitson. Oxford University Press (2001) ...read more.

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