• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How did collective security develop, in particular between WWI and WWII?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How did collective security develop, in particular between WWI and WWII? By Diederik ten Brink, IS11 The United Nations is a major organization build on the principle of collective security. In this essay it will be discussed how collective security developed, in particular between WWI and WWII. To understand collective security, one must first understand tradition alliances. Traditional alliances were alliances between nations with similar interests, mostly as protection against other nations. These alliances contained terms, terms about what nations needed to do and what their obligations to the other nations involved in the alliance were. Nations acted in their own national interest, meaning that they allied with nations to benefit themselves solely. Collective security is a system in which states try to prevent wars by collective decisions. ("collective security") Collective security is not based on national interest, it is based on the aim to try to prevent a conflict, and thus maintaining peace. The main principle of collective security is that nations in collective security system have to act in behalf of the system and peace instead of their national interest. ...read more.

Middle

The USSR was also excluded from the League, because it was feared by the other European nations and America. Though not excluded from the League, the US didn't join the League of Nations. Though it was President Wilson's idea to setup the League, the US could not join because the senate rejected it. The absence of the US was catastrophic, as it was the most powerful and wealthy nation. As other major powers that in the League were severely weakened, it was hard for the League to enforce its decisions. A fundamental problem of the absence of three Great Powers (USSR, US, Germany) was that the League was based on collective action, however with many great powers not involved, it was hard to both put pressure on countries and enforce its decisions. For example, if economic sanctions were to be put on a country, the country could still trade with the other 3 major powers. The exclusion of Germany and the USSR became especially visible in 1922, when they signed their Treaty of Rapallo, in which they agreed to extend their diplomatic recognition, cooperate economically and militarily, and both denounced reparations. ...read more.

Conclusion

As weapons became more powerful, countries have been seeking for ways to prevent wars in order to prevent destruction. Collective security has played a large role in the prevention of wars. The development of collective security has taken a long time and by learning from mistakes in the past, mankind has learned to prevent wars. However, wars still occur and the system isn't complete yet. Sources "Concert of Europe." Encyclop�dia Britannica. Encyclop�dia Britannica Online. Encyclop�dia Britannica Inc., 2012. Web. 22 Feb. 2012. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/195884/Concert-of-Europe>. Cannon, Martin. 20th Century World History: Course Companion. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2009. 52-59. Print. File:League of Nations Anachronous Map.PNG. Photograph. Wikipedia. By Allard Postman. Wikimedia Foundations, 26 Jan. 2007. Web. 22 Feb. 2012. <File:League of Nations Anachronous Map.PNG>. Traynor, J. 1991. Challenging History: Europe 1890-1990, London, UK. Nelson. P. 123 "What Happened to the Head of Cardinal Richelieu, after His Death?" Aarticles: Thematic Catalog of Articles. Aarticles.net, 2010. Web. 22 Feb. 2012. <http://aarticles.net/culture-art-history/11635-chto-stalos-s-golovoj-kardinala-rishele-posle-ego-smerti.html>. "collective security." Encyclop�dia Britannica. Encyclop�dia Britannica Online. Encyclop�dia Britannica Inc., 2012. Web. 22 Feb. 2012. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/125567/collective-security>. "Wilson - A Portrait | League of Nations." PBS. American Experience and PBS, 2001. Web. 22 Feb. 2012. <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/wilson/portrait/wp_league.html>. "League of Nations." Encyclop�dia Britannica. Encyclop�dia Britannica Online. Encyclop�dia Britannica Inc., 2012. Web. 22 Feb. 2012. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/405820/League-of-Nations>. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Notes on Italian unification - background and main events

    There were 25, 000 Neapolitan troops in Italy. But in just under a month, the Neapolitan army was defeated - 6th June; victory over the Neapolitans - By the end of July, the Neapolitans surrendered and agreed to evacuate Sicily - The reasons behind this; o It was an unequipped

  2. Italy before WWI - poverty and migration.

    In 1881, Italy fought France for it and failed. Tenser relationship with France, brought Italy closer to Austria-Hungary and Germany. Thus Italy, under King Umberto I, joined the military Triple Alliance with them. Immediately, Italy took advantage of this situation and increased its naval and military size. The navy occupied Messau port on the coast of the Red Sea.

  1. The League of Nations - Although the League of Nations had several successes, it ...

    - in order to make the aggressor accept its decision to use military force. [8] At that point, however, emerged a couple of complications. First, when the League put verbal sanctions into practice the aggressor would not give up. Second, when the League introduced economic sanctions not every country would

  2. Appeal to the League of Nations

    had little inhabitants, no arms or resources -Haile asks if the nations of the League considered the aggressor as having committed an act of war personally directed against the countries itself -Council made it clear that millions of people around the world were against the dismembering of Ethiopia What of Promises?

  1. Condensed Treaty of Versailles

    Nations and its principles, then it is "merely using the customary lying phrases of the rulers for the purpose of lulling people to sleep" * "Proletariats of all countries! This must be the last war! We owe that to the twelve million murdered victims; we owe that to our children;

  2. Britain in WWI

    Even though at first only young men were taken, in further in time, 50 year old married men were told to participate. This caused very big controversy and protests amongst the public. Up to the end of World War One, the British army had lost 700 000 men and 1.6 million were wounded.

  1. Italian Unification Revision Notes. Italian Politics in 1815

    Apart from the Statuto granted to Piedmont by Charles Albert, none of the constitutions obtained from their rulers by the revolutionaries survived. None of the rulers forced from their states had been kept out for long. � Austria seemed more firmly in control of northern and central Italy than ever.

  2. Why did collective security fail to keep the peace between 1920 and 1935?

    The Assembly could only make a decision by a unanimous vote and all of the permanent members had a veto. Due to the structure of the League when there was a crisis, no one could agree. Finally, the League?s greatest weakness came from the fact that it was set up by the Treaty of Versailles.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work