• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How far do you agree that quote Security not revenge(TM) was the main objective of the statesman at the congress of Vienna in 1815?

Extracts from this document...


How far do you agree that quote 'Security not revenge' was the main objective of the statesman at the congress of Vienna in 1815? Napoleon Bonaparte's France may have conquered the whole of Europe, but their magnificent generation was short. After France lost against the 'Grand alliance Powers' in 1814, Napoleon stepped down from his post and was exiled to Elba. France's territorial achievements were all gone and many expected that there will be a territorial conflict among the 'Great Powers' but through the 'Congress of Vienna' the 'Great Powers' were able to avoid lots of big conflicts. The Congress of Vienna was a conference of representatives of the major powers of Europe charged by the Austrian political leader Clemens Wenzel von Mettenrich. The participated major nations were: Austria, United Kingdom, Prussia, Russia and France. The purpose of the meeting was to settle issues and redraw Europe's political map after the French defeat. The nations wanted to have peace which meant that territory and influence in Europe would be shared among the great powers, in a way that would stop the domination by any country. ...read more.


Friedrich Wilhelm III, the King of Prussia, wanted France to suffer (according to Webster most Prussians had 'an undying hatred'), and he wanted the expansion of Prussian territory by expanding into North Germany, and taking Saxony. Klemens von Metternich (Foreign Minister of Russia) wanted a strong central Europe, under the influence of Russia in order to balance Russia and France, he also wanted to stop Russian and Prussian ambitions, and also he wanted the continuance of monarchical government and aristocratic leadership. Viscount Robert Stewart Castleragh (British Foreign Secretary) wanted peace and stability, the retention of Britain's wartime gains overseas, and humanitarian liberalism. Charles Talleyrand-Perigord (who represented France) wanted legitimacy (the right of a ruler to hold power by tough inherited law), restrictions on Prussian expansion so that Prussia would not introduce a direct threat to France, and to stare clearly France as a major power. Basically some nations including host Austria and England were generous towards the agreement whereas some other nations such as Russia and Prussia aimed more to fulfill their demands. ...read more.


First the French historians were quite antagonistic. They blamed the Vienna Congress for causing the 1830 and 1848 revolutions in France and felt that Louis XVIII was excessively punished for the crimes of Napoleon Bonaparte. It has also been argued that the Vienna Congress was 'incomplete' since it relied very heavily on the Great Powers to impose it and presumed their continuing wish to work together. Nations like Austria was left with commitments that were far beyond its financial and military resources and United Kingdom on the other hand was to grow increasingly independent over the following years and less inclined to cooperate with the other Great Powers. In general the Vienna Conference can be agreed that the main purpose was to maintain peace and security in Europe; although there were some minor arguments among several countries, it was able to prevent the territorial dispute, and also France was able to maintain most of its territory, meaning that the 'Grand power Alliances' decided not to revenge on France. Basically if the congress was not focused on maintaining peace than probably the nations might see another war (due to territorial dispute) and France would automatically be eradicated. ?? ?? ?? ?? 23/8/08 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. French Revolution and the rise of Napoleon - revision notes

    Battle of Rivoli - January 1797, the last battle. In all those battles Austrians were defeated. Battle of Lodi (1796) -> Napoleon earned confidence and loyalty of his soldiers and they nicknamed him ''The Little Corporal'' (''Maly Kapral''), in recognition to his personal courage. Napoleon led his army to a number of splendid victories. Next, he marched on Vienna.

  2. The Treaty of Versailles vs. The Treaty of Vienna. Both the Congress of Vienna, ...

    [2] This proverb exactly demonstrates Napoleon's situation when he was approaching to his decline. After Napoleon's decline representatives of the victorious powers met to solve the problems arose from the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars. The primary aim of the leaders was to design a new political map for

  1. Italian Unification Revision Notes. Italian Politics in 1815

    � The Pope appealed to France, Austria, Spain and Naples for help. The decisive campaign was undertaken by 20,000 French troops Louis Napoleon, recently elected President of France, wanted to win domestic Catholic support by restoring the Pope. � Hopes that French troops would be welcomed by the Romans proved unfounded.

  2. The Congress of Vienna, 1814-1815

    He opposed nationalist and revolutionary movements as they would threaten the existence of the Austrian Empire which was multi-racial state. b. He sought to preserve the Austrian Empire on the basis of a balanced society of European states and of an international alliance of like-minded rulers.

  1. The Life and Achievements of King Canute

    sister Estrith, was made regent for Cnut's son Hordacnut In 1026 Cnut was in Denmark again to face a threat from an alliance between King Onund-Jakob of Sweden and King Olaf Haraldsson of Norway. In a battle at Holy River in Southern Sweden, Cnut's fleet was driven off, but he

  2. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    Derevolutionize the peasantry by removing most glaring grievances 3. Restored order and crushed opposition after 1905 and introduced some reforming measures which led to the relative stability up to 1914. Shapiro ?By the left?dismissed as a savage butcher who hanged peasants and workers?extreme right?reform and attempt to work with the Duma were a threat to autocracy.

  1. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    By 1981 Begin had brought the number of Jewish settlers in the OTs to around 110,000. - If an area was considered 'too Arab' in character it would often be settled, and therefore the settlements were often established in heavily populated Arab areas.

  2. The United States' pursuit of Pancho Villa jeopardized American security to such an extent ...

    book seemed to be more intent on how the town and its residents dealt with the raid and its aftermath. Lacking historical accounts, Welsome emphasized the individual experience by writing from the perspective of a victim and thus missing the account from Villa and Pershing's perspective in general.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work