• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How far do you agree that quote Security not revenge(TM) was the main objective of the statesman at the congress of Vienna in 1815?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How far do you agree that quote 'Security not revenge' was the main objective of the statesman at the congress of Vienna in 1815? Napoleon Bonaparte's France may have conquered the whole of Europe, but their magnificent generation was short. After France lost against the 'Grand alliance Powers' in 1814, Napoleon stepped down from his post and was exiled to Elba. France's territorial achievements were all gone and many expected that there will be a territorial conflict among the 'Great Powers' but through the 'Congress of Vienna' the 'Great Powers' were able to avoid lots of big conflicts. The Congress of Vienna was a conference of representatives of the major powers of Europe charged by the Austrian political leader Clemens Wenzel von Mettenrich. The participated major nations were: Austria, United Kingdom, Prussia, Russia and France. The purpose of the meeting was to settle issues and redraw Europe's political map after the French defeat. The nations wanted to have peace which meant that territory and influence in Europe would be shared among the great powers, in a way that would stop the domination by any country. ...read more.

Middle

Friedrich Wilhelm III, the King of Prussia, wanted France to suffer (according to Webster most Prussians had 'an undying hatred'), and he wanted the expansion of Prussian territory by expanding into North Germany, and taking Saxony. Klemens von Metternich (Foreign Minister of Russia) wanted a strong central Europe, under the influence of Russia in order to balance Russia and France, he also wanted to stop Russian and Prussian ambitions, and also he wanted the continuance of monarchical government and aristocratic leadership. Viscount Robert Stewart Castleragh (British Foreign Secretary) wanted peace and stability, the retention of Britain's wartime gains overseas, and humanitarian liberalism. Charles Talleyrand-Perigord (who represented France) wanted legitimacy (the right of a ruler to hold power by tough inherited law), restrictions on Prussian expansion so that Prussia would not introduce a direct threat to France, and to stare clearly France as a major power. Basically some nations including host Austria and England were generous towards the agreement whereas some other nations such as Russia and Prussia aimed more to fulfill their demands. ...read more.

Conclusion

First the French historians were quite antagonistic. They blamed the Vienna Congress for causing the 1830 and 1848 revolutions in France and felt that Louis XVIII was excessively punished for the crimes of Napoleon Bonaparte. It has also been argued that the Vienna Congress was 'incomplete' since it relied very heavily on the Great Powers to impose it and presumed their continuing wish to work together. Nations like Austria was left with commitments that were far beyond its financial and military resources and United Kingdom on the other hand was to grow increasingly independent over the following years and less inclined to cooperate with the other Great Powers. In general the Vienna Conference can be agreed that the main purpose was to maintain peace and security in Europe; although there were some minor arguments among several countries, it was able to prevent the territorial dispute, and also France was able to maintain most of its territory, meaning that the 'Grand power Alliances' decided not to revenge on France. Basically if the congress was not focused on maintaining peace than probably the nations might see another war (due to territorial dispute) and France would automatically be eradicated. ?? ?? ?? ?? 23/8/08 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. The Treaty of Versailles vs. The Treaty of Vienna. Both the Congress of Vienna, ...

    [2] This proverb exactly demonstrates Napoleon's situation when he was approaching to his decline. After Napoleon's decline representatives of the victorious powers met to solve the problems arose from the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars. The primary aim of the leaders was to design a new political map for

  2. French Revolution and the rise of Napoleon - revision notes

    The new Revolutionary Government was established. It was set up by the Constitution of Year III. It is known as The Directory (Dyrektoriat). It lasted from 1795 to 1799. The Directory included bicameral legislative known as: THE CORPSE LEGISLATIVE 1) COUNCIL OF FIVE HUNDRED (the lower house) Consisted of 500 delegates, 40 years old or over.

  1. Italian Unification Revision Notes. Italian Politics in 1815

    Causes � By the late 1840s liberal demands for constitutions and political freedom, and nationalist demands for Italian unity and independence were bound up with an economic crisis. � Disastrous harvests in 1846 and 1847 in Italy produced food shortages in both rural and urban areas.

  2. League of Nations

    What point is the cartoonist in Source B trying to make? Use Section 3.4(h) and Source E to help you decide. The cartoonist is trying to point out how much the League of Nations lost its face when Japan invaded Manchuria and how Japan successfully defied the League by

  1. The Life and Achievements of King Canute

    Robert then began to press Cnut to recognize the rights of Alfred and Edward who were still exiles in his court. 26 Cnut's refusal led to broken relations. There are hints in charters that Robert may have collected an invasion fleet in 1033, but he seems to have used it

  2. To what extent can Berlin or Vienna can be held accountable for the start ...

    It was not after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand that he came to the conclusion that the Austro-German alliance was engaged in a life-and-death struggle with Russia -and by extension France. This statement emphasized the need for a "final reckoning between Slavs and Teutons"2 occupying the central place in Austria-Hungary's foreign policy.

  1. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    Admirers, wisest statesman that Russia ever had who could?have saved Russia for war and revolt.? Stolypin and reactionary counter-terror 1. Well-prepared to use violence to address opposition. Ruthless provisional governor before joining the Duma. 2. Increasing radical violence in 1907 (3000 dead)

  2. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    - The US Secretary of State, Shultz, announced that the US would open a dialogue with the PLO - Shamir then proposed his own four point plan, under US pressure. The plan was very similar to the one proposed for Palestinian autonomy at Camp David.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work