• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How the Federal Government Failed the Canadian People During the Great Depression

Extracts from this document...


How the Federal Government Failed the Canadian People During the Great Depression Jessica Lobsinger CHC 2D7 Mr. Palmieri Monday June 6, 2011 2 The argument will be made that the federal government failed the Canadian citizens during the Great Depression. Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King did not take action in the depression because he simply thought the depression was not a long term effect, and it would sort its self out. Prime Minister Richard Bedford Bennett had many plans to deal with the depression, but many of these courses of actions failed, not making a big impact on the Canadian economy. The government set up Government Relief Camps for young men to come and work in exchange for necessities. However, this camp was a failed attempt because of harsh treatment of works and low pay. Finally, the Canadian government failed their citizens during the Great Depression due to hesitation to take action and poor leadership, as well as camps that the government saw as a solution, but workers saw as unfair living conditions. Prime Minister Mackenzie King failed the Canadian citizens at the beginning of the Great Depression in 1930. ...read more.


This only deepened the depression as government employees were put out of work and public work projects were cancelled. In 1935, Bennett created a new policy- to insure unemployment insurance, a reduced work week and minimum wages, industrial codes and permanent economic planning. This was unsuccessful and the provinces challenged the rights of the federal government to manage 4 these programs. Bennett raised tariffs levels by almost 50 per cent to protect manufactures and lead nations to lower tariffs on Canadian goods. Safarian claims ?this did nothing to increase exports and in some cases it increased export cost, reducing business.? Bennett government attempted to keep wheat prices from falling further by buying more than 200 million bushels before re-establishing the Wheat Board in 1935 to market wheat and assure farmers a minimum price for their crops. This failed and only resulted in the government losing more money. From 1930-1937, the federal government spent more then $400 million (about 40 per cent of the total cost,) to assist the provinces to fulfill their responsibility for providing unemployment relief. ...read more.


Men in the camps were frustrated the government could not provide them with meaningful work. In April 1935, the men?s unhappiness boiled over. 15 000 men from British Columbia relief camps went on strike and congregated Vancouver. The movement was months of cross-country protest, which culminated in a riot in the streets of Regina. A year later, the relief camps were shut down. 170, 248 men stayed in the camps. When the Canadian government failed to deal with the economical set backs of the Great Depression, the citizens were the ones who had to live with it. The first major set back was when Mackenzie Kings failed to release federal funds because he was in denial the depression was happening and thought it would work its self out. Then, Richard Bennett dumped the economic problems on cities that could not deal with the 6 issues. Lastly, the Government relief camps that were formed to bring Canada?s economic state back up but ending in a riot because of unfair treatments in the camps. Since Canada did not have and effective system for dispending public welfare, many of the unemployed had to rely on private charity. In conclusion, the federal government failed the Canadian citizens during the great Depression. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Great Depression and effect on Britain

    The government then started reducing public spending. Judges had they pay cut by 10%, teachers by 15% and they took 10% out of unemployment benefit. The depression hit Britain regionally and not by class. Whilst North of England were suffering, the industries of the Midlands and South East England were blooming.

  2. The Great Depression

    1 Many U.S. banks in the early 1900s were little better than most of the banks of the 1800s, especially in rural areas of the West and South. Because there were no federal regulations existed that could control banks, Americans had few means of protesting bad banking practices.

  1. Imperial Germany Revision Notes. Powers and functions were divided between the central, or federal, ...

    In 1872 when it was clear he failed he severed diplomatic relations with the Vatican and intensified his campaign against the Catholic Church. � While the Kulturkampf was centred on Prussia, its effects were felt throughout the Reich and legislation against the Church was passed by both the Prussian Landtag and the Rechstag.

  2. The Effects of the Great Depression on Canada.

    ?The number of deportations also rose from fewer then 2000 in 1929 to more than 7600 within three years. The death rate also rose due to poor living conditions, starvation, and disease. The birth rate dropped from 13.1 live births per 100 in 1930 to 9.7 in 1937.

  1. Aboriginal Human Rights and Canadian History

    As Canada became a country, the people of Canada wanted more land and direct control over the people, the land, and the rich natural resources. The new Canadian government wanted to keep these lands as a territory, rather than making them provinces so it could exert more direct control over the people and the land.

  2. Evaluate Roosevelt's Approach to the Great Depression

    The New Deal?s most famous approach in programs was the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC). By mid-1933, around 300,000 jobless young men between the ages of 18 and 25 were hired to work in the revival of the nation's parks and forests.

  1. Australian Government Policy and the Aboriginal People.

    Some of those who tried to help were government officials, others were Christian missionaries. These people truly believed that the Aboriginal people needed their help and without it they would die out. This had something to do with Charles Darwin's theories on evolution, and survival of the fittest which was accepted by the British settlers.

  2. The Great Depression in the USA.

    in the whole country .Money fell for the 53 % in the same period , so demand fell as a result of that. It reduced production of goods as well . If we continue with this , as demand for goods fell rapidly , due to that many factories were closed .

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work