• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How the Federal Government Failed the Canadian People During the Great Depression

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐How the Federal Government Failed the Canadian People During the Great Depression Jessica Lobsinger CHC 2D7 Mr. Palmieri Monday June 6, 2011 2 The argument will be made that the federal government failed the Canadian citizens during the Great Depression. Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King did not take action in the depression because he simply thought the depression was not a long term effect, and it would sort its self out. Prime Minister Richard Bedford Bennett had many plans to deal with the depression, but many of these courses of actions failed, not making a big impact on the Canadian economy. The government set up Government Relief Camps for young men to come and work in exchange for necessities. However, this camp was a failed attempt because of harsh treatment of works and low pay. Finally, the Canadian government failed their citizens during the Great Depression due to hesitation to take action and poor leadership, as well as camps that the government saw as a solution, but workers saw as unfair living conditions. Prime Minister Mackenzie King failed the Canadian citizens at the beginning of the Great Depression in 1930. ...read more.

Middle

This only deepened the depression as government employees were put out of work and public work projects were cancelled. In 1935, Bennett created a new policy- to insure unemployment insurance, a reduced work week and minimum wages, industrial codes and permanent economic planning. This was unsuccessful and the provinces challenged the rights of the federal government to manage 4 these programs. Bennett raised tariffs levels by almost 50 per cent to protect manufactures and lead nations to lower tariffs on Canadian goods. Safarian claims ?this did nothing to increase exports and in some cases it increased export cost, reducing business.? Bennett government attempted to keep wheat prices from falling further by buying more than 200 million bushels before re-establishing the Wheat Board in 1935 to market wheat and assure farmers a minimum price for their crops. This failed and only resulted in the government losing more money. From 1930-1937, the federal government spent more then $400 million (about 40 per cent of the total cost,) to assist the provinces to fulfill their responsibility for providing unemployment relief. ...read more.

Conclusion

Men in the camps were frustrated the government could not provide them with meaningful work. In April 1935, the men?s unhappiness boiled over. 15 000 men from British Columbia relief camps went on strike and congregated Vancouver. The movement was months of cross-country protest, which culminated in a riot in the streets of Regina. A year later, the relief camps were shut down. 170, 248 men stayed in the camps. When the Canadian government failed to deal with the economical set backs of the Great Depression, the citizens were the ones who had to live with it. The first major set back was when Mackenzie Kings failed to release federal funds because he was in denial the depression was happening and thought it would work its self out. Then, Richard Bennett dumped the economic problems on cities that could not deal with the 6 issues. Lastly, the Government relief camps that were formed to bring Canada?s economic state back up but ending in a riot because of unfair treatments in the camps. Since Canada did not have and effective system for dispending public welfare, many of the unemployed had to rely on private charity. In conclusion, the federal government failed the Canadian citizens during the great Depression. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. The Life and Achievements of King Canute

    fee paid by the English Archbishops to receive their pallium from the Pope and also arranged a reduction in the fees and tolls paid by English pilgrims and merchants on the road to Rome. When Cnut's brother Harald died in 1019, England was secure enough that he could go to Denmark to assure his succession leaving Thorkell as regent.

  2. The Great Depression Notes

    was cut back, raising unemployment rate (By 1932, 22% of the WORLD'S labor force was unemployed) > 1932- Industrial production fell 36% (average falling percent was 7% per year) > Stock market crash > 1928, 2.5% people owned stock > No government regulation of stock exchange > People bought stock on margin (up to 90% of stock value)

  1. US History. How did the activity of Boss Tweed influence the way the federal ...

    * In the 1850's Congress was preoccupied with legislation pertaining to the Civil War (Lankevich 92). * There was a division of control in the national government between the Democrats and Republicans. The Democrats often controlled much of the House of Representatives and the Republicans often controlled much of the Senate (Calhoun 188).

  2. Great Depression and effect on Britain

    of nutrition and millions of people were getting ill balanced diets, queuing at soup kitchens became a way of life for many as their unemployment benefits could barely cover the cost of their rent and heating let along food or clothing.

  1. The Effects of the Great Depression on Canada.

    Schools: The education suffered greatly, as school budgets were cut across the country. Some of those schools neither had electricity nor running water, heated wood stoves and lanterns were some of the things they tied to provide light. Sometimes, water was gotten from an outdoor pump.

  2. Aboriginal Human Rights and Canadian History

    Changing European fashion lessened the demand for beaver pelts; overhunting drove the bison and sea otter to the point of extinction; and the invention of electric lights removed the need for whale oil. The prosperity associated with the trade vanished, leaving Aboriginal peoples with a new economic vulnerability.

  1. A look at the Differing Views of Jimmy Hoffa by the Government, the Public, ...

    Hoffa had a hands-on approach when it came to organizing, a quality that he would continue to display throughout his career. The following quote by Jimmy Hoffa from John Bartlow Martin?s Jimmy Hoffa is Hot (cited in Sloane 15) illustrates this quality, ?We?d go out, hit the docks, talk to

  2. Evaluate Roosevelt's Approach to the Great Depression

    Harry Hopkins, a New York City social worker and trusted advisor of Roosevelt, asked the revolutionary question of why the federal government could not simply hire the unemployed and put them to work. Reluctant for fear of an unbalanced budget where the government would of overspent, Roosevelt agreed creating the Public Works Administration (PWA).

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work