• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How the Federal Government Failed the Canadian People During the Great Depression

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐How the Federal Government Failed the Canadian People During the Great Depression Jessica Lobsinger CHC 2D7 Mr. Palmieri Monday June 6, 2011 2 The argument will be made that the federal government failed the Canadian citizens during the Great Depression. Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King did not take action in the depression because he simply thought the depression was not a long term effect, and it would sort its self out. Prime Minister Richard Bedford Bennett had many plans to deal with the depression, but many of these courses of actions failed, not making a big impact on the Canadian economy. The government set up Government Relief Camps for young men to come and work in exchange for necessities. However, this camp was a failed attempt because of harsh treatment of works and low pay. Finally, the Canadian government failed their citizens during the Great Depression due to hesitation to take action and poor leadership, as well as camps that the government saw as a solution, but workers saw as unfair living conditions. Prime Minister Mackenzie King failed the Canadian citizens at the beginning of the Great Depression in 1930. ...read more.

Middle

This only deepened the depression as government employees were put out of work and public work projects were cancelled. In 1935, Bennett created a new policy- to insure unemployment insurance, a reduced work week and minimum wages, industrial codes and permanent economic planning. This was unsuccessful and the provinces challenged the rights of the federal government to manage 4 these programs. Bennett raised tariffs levels by almost 50 per cent to protect manufactures and lead nations to lower tariffs on Canadian goods. Safarian claims ?this did nothing to increase exports and in some cases it increased export cost, reducing business.? Bennett government attempted to keep wheat prices from falling further by buying more than 200 million bushels before re-establishing the Wheat Board in 1935 to market wheat and assure farmers a minimum price for their crops. This failed and only resulted in the government losing more money. From 1930-1937, the federal government spent more then $400 million (about 40 per cent of the total cost,) to assist the provinces to fulfill their responsibility for providing unemployment relief. ...read more.

Conclusion

Men in the camps were frustrated the government could not provide them with meaningful work. In April 1935, the men?s unhappiness boiled over. 15 000 men from British Columbia relief camps went on strike and congregated Vancouver. The movement was months of cross-country protest, which culminated in a riot in the streets of Regina. A year later, the relief camps were shut down. 170, 248 men stayed in the camps. When the Canadian government failed to deal with the economical set backs of the Great Depression, the citizens were the ones who had to live with it. The first major set back was when Mackenzie Kings failed to release federal funds because he was in denial the depression was happening and thought it would work its self out. Then, Richard Bennett dumped the economic problems on cities that could not deal with the 6 issues. Lastly, the Government relief camps that were formed to bring Canada?s economic state back up but ending in a riot because of unfair treatments in the camps. Since Canada did not have and effective system for dispending public welfare, many of the unemployed had to rely on private charity. In conclusion, the federal government failed the Canadian citizens during the great Depression. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Great Depression and effect on Britain

    The government then started reducing public spending. Judges had they pay cut by 10%, teachers by 15% and they took 10% out of unemployment benefit. The depression hit Britain regionally and not by class. Whilst North of England were suffering, the industries of the Midlands and South East England were blooming.

  2. Evaluating the effect of Cnadian internment camps for those of Japanese descent during WW2.

    wives were separated from their fathers and brothers without any knowledge of their whereabouts.18 The stress of the distance between family members negatively impacted the mental stability of these individuals to question when they would be reunited with one another or if they would ever be reunited.

  1. The Effects of the Great Depression on Canada.

    ?The number of deportations also rose from fewer then 2000 in 1929 to more than 7600 within three years. The death rate also rose due to poor living conditions, starvation, and disease. The birth rate dropped from 13.1 live births per 100 in 1930 to 9.7 in 1937.

  2. Aboriginal Human Rights and Canadian History

    As Canada became a country, the people of Canada wanted more land and direct control over the people, the land, and the rich natural resources. The new Canadian government wanted to keep these lands as a territory, rather than making them provinces so it could exert more direct control over the people and the land.

  1. The Great Depression in the USA.

    American president Herbert Hoover was convinced that crisis was short-term . From his point of view economy of the USA soon supposed to continue with prospering the same way it did before the collapse . In one of the public speeches president Hoover said to American people : "While the

  2. A look at the Differing Views of Jimmy Hoffa by the Government, the Public, ...

    increased when Hoffa placed the Central States Health and Welfare Fund under the control of the Union Casualty and Life Insurance Company (Sheridan 15). The insurance company was under the control of Paul and Allen Dorfman. Paul Dorfman was a major figure in the Chicago mob and Allen was his stepson, who suddenly joined the insurance business.

  1. Australian Government Policy and the Aboriginal People.

    It is estimated that there were 750,000 Indigenous Australians living in Australia at the time of Captain Cook's arrival. These people were divided into 600 different tribes and had hundreds of different languages.

  2. To begin to understand how the Great Depression came about, it is essential to ...

    People began to lack adequate food, shelter, and clothing and soon became homeless. The psychological blow to the people was also large; during the prosperous twenties, many Americans believed success went to those who deserved it. Given that attitude, the unemployment brought by the depression made people blame themselves and the self-doubt became epidemic; it was humiliating for numerous.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work