• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

IB Historical Investigation

Extracts from this document...


Historical Investigation Alliance for Progress in Colombia Yuan (Julie) Gu Mr. Engel Fifth Period PLAN OF INVESTIGATION The aim of the research was to prove that the Alliance for Progress established by President John F. Kennedy was able to successfully implement economic and social reforms in Colombia which allowed the nation to avoid the installment of a Communist regime. This foreign aid program was primarily launched in Colombia to improve the overall condition of the country which could be beneficial in resisting Communism. I am planning to compare the economy of Colombia before and after the formation of the Alliance for Progress by analyzing the information from Foreign Aid as Foreign Policy. This investigation also involved exploring the specific reforms applied to Colombia which can be found in Democracy in Colombia. Furthermore, I will be examining the political upheavals in Colombia and how the reforms were able to assist in defeating the Communist rebels by studying the events recorded in The Colombian Civil War. SUMMARY OF EVIDENCE Problems in Colombia before the Alliance for Progress Colombia had gained a depressing status of having economic instabilities with eight consecutive civil unrests occurred during the 1800s.1 President of the United States John F. ...read more.


working conditions, and violence was often employed and had been perceived as acceptable to achieve the mean.15 Socialism had also been developed in the country sponsored by the Workers Central Union which later led to the formation of the Colombian Socialist Party and the establishment of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC).16 The era of La Violencia in Colombia was launched by the Banana Workers Massacre where a renowned Colombian communist named Ra�l Eduardo Mahecha led a group of plantation workers in a strike that ended with violence. The strike was appeased when a maximum working hour was established along with securing the rights of the laborers.17 During El Bogotazo in 1948, the conservatives blocked several bridges to prevent the food supply aided by the United States to be delivered into the city of Bogot�. The United States was forced to install and fund an armed force in Colombia in order to defeat the rebels.18 EVALUATION OF SOURCES The printed reference of Foreign Aid as Foreign Policy: The Alliance for Progress in Latin America consisted analyses of John F. Kennedy's Alliance for Progress examined by Jeffrey F. ...read more.


The Colombian Civil War. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc., 2001. Taffet, Jeffrey. Foreign Aid as Foreign Policy. New York City: Taylor & Francis Group, 2007. 1 Taffet, Jeffrey, Foreign Aid as Foreign Policy (New York City: Taylor & Francis Group, 2007), 150. 2 Ibid., 15. 3 Crandall, Russell, Driven by Drugs: U.S. Policy Toward Colombia (Boulder, Colorado: Lynne Rienner Publishers, Inc., 2002), 52. 4 Osterling, Jorge Pablo, Democracy in Colombia (New Brunswick, New Jersey: Transaction Books, 1989), 80. 5 Taffet, Foreign Aid as Foreign Policy, 151. 6 Rabe, Stephen G., The Most Dangerous Area in the World: John F. Kennedy Confronts Communist Revolution in Latin America (North Carolina: The University of North Carolina Press, 1999), 24. 7 Osterling, Democracy in Colombia, 73. 8 Rabe, The Most Dangerous Area in the World, 25. 9 Ibid., 156. 10 Taffet, Foreign Aid as Foreign Policy, 157. 11 Ibid., 199. 12 Osterling, Democracy in Colombia, 199. 13 Ibid., 63. 14 Taffet, Foreign Aid as Foreign Policy, 157. 15 Ruiz, Bert, The Colombian Civil War (Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc., 2001), 11. 16 Ibid., 28. 17 Livingstone, Grace, Inside Colombia: Drgus, Democracy, and War (New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press, 2004), 38. 18 Ibid., 44. 19 Taffet, Foreign Aid as Foreign Policy, 161. 20 Rabe, The Most Dangerous Area in the World, 7. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Historical Investigation IB

    This violent disagreement was followed by political resistance by the Colonies assemblies, who sent delegates to the Stamp Act Congress in New York to voice their disagreement with the Act. Britain responded to this opposition by repealing the Stamp Act before the end of the following year, quieting most Colonial hostility5.

  2. The Evaluation and Effect on the Formation of W.E.B Du Boiss NAACP during the ...

    He also fought for women's rights, Jewish rights, and workers' rights. However, late in his life he was exiled to Ghana, Africa because many people began to label him as a communist because he was accused of being a member of the Socialist Party.

  1. Investigacin Histrica: En qu medida la expropiacin de tierras emprendida durante el gobierno de ...

    como hacerse cargo de una gran cantidad de tierra que s�lo los oligarcas podr�an. No obstante, si lleg� a desaparecer la oligarqu�a terrateniente tal como lo menciona Pease: "La lucha pol�tica ha concluido una etapa: los "barones del az�car", n�cleo hegem�nico de la oligarqu�a desde fines del siglo pasado, han sido eliminados."

  2. The North, The South, and Slavery

    attracting many dairy farmers looking for profit iii. 1/2 dairy products produced E, others came from W (OH- leading dairy state) iv. NE led other areas in production of hay (dairy) v. NY led nation in hay, with other crops grown in PENN and New England vi.

  1. Source Analysis. This investigation focuses on how Cuba was affected by the U.S. ...

    This caused Cuba to become deprived of their human rights. "The restrictions imposed on trade and financing..severely limit Cuba's capacity to import medicines, medical equipment, and the latest technologies, some of which are essential for treating life-threatening diseases and maintaining Cuba's public health programmer."9 Cuba was no longer able to

  2. The Jungle: Progressive Reforms

    you have to discharge a woman" "Yes, I know," said the judge. I hear it often enough" (167). The judge merely dismissed the case, which indicates that there were numerous other women who had gone through the same thing, but had not received justice.

  1. La Revolucion Mexicana IB Extended essay

    alimentar a los incendios que consumieron a M�xico durante su revoluci�n debe primero entender el porfiriano que gobern� el pa�s durante m�s de 30 a�os. El porfiriano fue liderado por nada menos que el propio Porfirio D�az, que gobern� a M�xico con el poder supremo y fue capaz de alterar dram�ticamente el espectro econ�mico y pol�tico.

  2. Historical Investigation: On the Greco-Persian Wars, circum 490 BCE

    The Persians had been so comprehensively defeated that many refused to recognise this. When it became alarmingly clear that the Persians were going to invade again, the upper and middle classes were against his naval tactics as it would mean less glory for them - using the political rallying cry of 'the men of Marathon'6.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work