• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

In what ways, and with what results had Stalin developed the Soviet Union into a major industrial power by 1941?

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐History HL Jan Mojto In what ways, and with what results had Stalin developed the Soviet Union into a major industrial power by 1941? At the end of 1920s, Russia was a backward state in comparison with other major powers. Stalin came to lead Russia in 1924 after Lenin?s death. In 1928, he ended NEP completely and launched a succession of five-year plans for rapid industrialization of Russia. To fully comprehend the change that Russia went through, we need to look at different ways it was developed and the costs involved. There are several methods Stalin applied to aid the progress of the ambitious five-year plans. He reintroduced communism in the whole system of Russia, since the NEP was incapable of supporting the huge demands of five-year plans. Private trading was abandoned and collectivization of peasant farms applied, to produce higher agricultural output, which would raise revenue for industrialization by more foreign trade (exports increased from 0.3 in 1928 to 1.5 millions of tons in 1935) ...read more.


During the five-year plans, huge projects were completed that were to play a significant role in Russia?s future success. Some of the successful once include Dneiper dam, hydroelectric power station or Moscow metro. Agricultural machinery was improved for collective farms, making them more efficient in output production. A huge iron and steel plant was built at Magnitogorsk that had a significant impact on the heavy industry. Industry in Urals was developed to extract Asia?s rich mineral resources. New train network was developed, which aided the transport of raw materials. Between 1928 and 1941. 8,000 new enterprises were built. Since 1928 to 1940, Gross National Product rose from 100 to 203 in 1940. Coal, Steel, Oil and Electricity widely increased. Russia wouldn?t be able to withstand the violence of the Nazi blitzkrieg without this kind of rapid industrialization, especially the improvement in the production of military resources. Its state of 1920s wouldn?t be strong enough against the attack. We can see that Russia lost World War One, but as a result of the Industrialization, it won World War Two against Germany. ...read more.


There wasn?t anything for them to buy with the money they earned. Quantity was more important than quality and efficiency dropped, which made Russia much less competitive with the West, when the Iron Curtain was pulled off. Bureaucracy destroyed the individual?s initiative. Reasons needed to be more legitimate, as to why targets were not met than to think of ways overcoming them. Becoming an industrial power by 1941 therefore involved many ways in which the effort was hindered or even delayed. All in all, I was able to identify several ways and results in which Stalin transformed Russia into an industrial power by 1941. Most of the ways involved changing the whole system to communist ideology, in both agriculture and heavy industry sector. The achievements were great, even though many targets weren?t met and there was a lot of inefficiency. Most importantly, Russia was prepared for a war with Germany and a start to compete with world powers. However, all this involved a terrible human cost. Whether this was worth it or not is opened for discussion. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Stalin was a necessary evil for the Soviet Union With regard to this statement ...

    The only argument supporting the collectivisation scheme is a political one. Lewis Siegelbaum suggests that collectivisation was a key drive for the industrialisation. It solved the issue of the state being reliant on the unsteady peasant population giving the government control over the peasants and therefore the economy making the economy ready to enter industrialisation.

  2. Robber Barons. There were two types of robber barons during this time, the industrial ...

    His enterprise created thousands of jobs, stimulated the development of new industries, and forged the way in major executive and industrial modernizations. He and his associates were known, in short, as agents of progress. The public deemed their overall contribution to society beneficial.

  1. Political Experiments of the 1920s

    People began to discuss Indian independence. viii) Sinn Fein - "Ourselves Alone" movement started by an Irish extremist party for Ireland's independence. 5) Trials of the Successor States in Eastern Europe a) Economic and Ethnic Pressures i) Small countries in Eastern Europe soon had economic pressures that changed their governmental status forever.

  2. Stalin's Collectivization

    that would potentially peacefully resolve a heated difference between the countries and ensure a peace would result. The source evidently regarded the event as a milestone of a diplomatic crisis where the nation of France, Germany, Britain and Italy cooperated according to collective value in maintain peace in world, decided

  1. History questions on Soviet Russia and its relations with the rest of the World.

    How did Churchill explain Soviet intentions, actions, policies, and goals? How did he think the United States and other western nations should meet Soviet challenges? Did he think another major war was inevitable? Explain. One of the goals of the Soviet Union was by separate action, to build up a pro-Communist Germany in their areas.

  2. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    1890 new gimnazii curriculum reduced time spent studying Latin and Greek. 7. Church given more power over primary education and encouraged to set up parish schools. Effects 1. Increase in the power of government appointed inspectors. 2. University rectors, deans, and lecturers appointed by Minister of Education.

  1. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    - By March 1969, the Israelis had constructed a line of fortifications along the canal called the Bar Lev Line, which enabled them to withstand heavy Egyptian artillery attacks - The 'war of attrition' finally ended in August 1970, following the intervention of US Secretary of State Rogers - The

  2. In what ways and with what results did Stalin modernise the USSR to 1941?

    The government controlled the resources it needed to achieve the economic targets. Factories, mines, transport and farms were owned by the state. The government exercised tight control over the labour force. Ordinary workers were harshly disciplined and poor workmanship and absence added to punishments.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work