• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

In what ways, and with what success, did Alex II attempt to modernise Russia and preserve imperial power?

Extracts from this document...


Transfer-Encoding: chunked ´╗┐History Essay In what ways, and with what success, did Alex II attempt to modernise Russia and preserve imperial power? Tsar Alex II was placed into power in the conclusion of the Crimean War in 1856. His popularity was largely non-existent due to him announcing the end of the Crimean War. It stained Imperial Russia under his name which ultimately created the perception that he was a weak leader and that Russia was in danger. Alex II?s intentions were unlike the previous Tsar, he looked to restabilise Russia and to restore their name as a superpower. To do this, he instated 8 reforms that targeted all aspects of society in the hopes of making Russia a contender against the Industrialised Western Europe aswell as to secure his power. These 8 reforms varied in success despite their intentions to eradicate the economic plight from Russia. There were reforms that aided in preserving Imperial power and others that damaged the idea of maintaining an Imperial Russia. ...read more.


This inevitably caused numerous riots and uprisings due to the demand for more power. This was another example of how Alex II experienced limited success because despite having positive intentions, the outcome ultimately threatened Imperial Power of Russia. The Emancipation of the Serfs reform held some minor successes but was squandered due to the confounding variables that were unforeseen. An example of a reform that left Russia prospering were the Army Reforms By the end of 1896, the Imperial Russian Army was left shamed due to poor conduct and organisation. Russia was now exposed externally as well as internally. Alex II picked up from Nicholas that in order to preserve Imperial Power, he would need to amend the Russian Army. There was noticeable corruption plaguing the ranks as well as a disgraceful level of moral that dragged the entirety of Russia into a crippled state. The chain of command and poor leadership made communication difficult during exercises and campaigns. ...read more.


In 1861, there was only a recorded 1600 kilometres of rail running throughout Russia. There was little foreign investment in coal and oil and there was a limited industrial force. When Alex II introduced his Economic reforms, he targeted each of these issues with the intent to modernise Russia. Alex II improved the rail network from 1600 in 1861, to 22,000 by 1878. This increased efficiency and provided a greater deal of communication between local towns and cities. The foreign investments in coal and oil was increased to try and improve the economy and he encouraged more urban workers to try and boost the industrial workforce. By doing so, he was trying to undergo an Industrial Revolution within Russia as he knew that this would benefit the entire Russian Empire and therefore would secure a long-lasting Imperial Power. On top of this, small taxation policies were applied to improve Russian infrastructure. This reform provided the people of Russia great benefits which boosted transport and communication. It was creating a wealth for the Tsars and was ultimately lifting Russia out of a ?backwards economy?. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Mao - his social and economic policies and his decline and re-establishment of power

    Five Year Plan and which the Great Leap Forward would be based on. Reasons 1. Under the Five Year Plan, with its massive emphasis on heavy industry, light industry and heavy had been neglected; Mao wanted china to develop these two components simultaneously.

  2. French Revolution: Success or Failure?

    The Constitution of 1791, the first constitution of France, symbolizes the first step of France democracy. The main idea of constitution was producing a completely new social order as well as forgetting the traditions of the Ancien Regime. Through this constitution, King of France allowed to maintain the monarchy yet

  1. Was the Tsar to blame for his own downfall?

    As Figes explains, Russia was like a house that you could only enter by the chimney. The military body was also weakened as the soldiers did not wish to continue fighting for the Tsar and had lost their faith on their ruler.

  2. Analyse the Reasons why Philip II (1180-1223) was able to establish France as a ...

    The argument, which was made more severe by Philip's "adulterous" marriage to Aignes of Meran, certainly cooled relations, but the actions of the papacy against Philip were far less severe when compared to the situation of John, who suffered both excommunication and a papal interdict with regards to the election of the archbishop of Canterbury.

  1. The emancipation of the serfs in Russia was the only genuine reform introduced by ...

    The Great Emancipation Statute, announced in 1861 was aiming to give freedom to the serfs, keeping the satisfaction of nobles and landlords at the same time. However, as it soon turned out, the changes weren't very efficient and in many aspects the serfdom remained.

  2. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    Simplification of court procedures to speed decisions. Positive results 1. Major contribution to modernization H. Seton-Watson ?raised general moral and political standards?court room was the one place with real freedom of speech? 2. Promoted a climate based on rule of law Problems 1.

  1. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    The 1967 War and its aftermath - Beginning in the early 1960s, Israel and the Arab states entered into an arms race, purchasing their missiles, planes and tanks from the US and USSR respectively. However, neither power was prepared to intervene directly or risk engaging the other militarily.

  2. Analyse the reason for, and the nature of, opposition to tsardom in Russia between ...

    The educated Populists went from universities to the countryside, to live for a short time with the peasants in attempt to incite them in a revolution.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work