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In what ways, and with what success, did post-war peacemakers attempt to deal with the problems which produced the conflict? Specific reference should be made to two peace settlements.

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Introduction

Jennifer Felipe October 10, 2008 Topic 21: In what ways, and with what success, did post-war peacemakers attempt to deal with the problems which produced the conflict? Specific reference should be made to two peace settlements. Post-World War I peacemakers were quick to formulate treaties that would not only end the war but ensure for adequate measures to be taken to prevent future wars from occurring. Unfortunately the majority of the peace treaties that arose during the period after the First World War were very unsuccessful in dealing with the problems which produced the conflict, thus leading to further disputes and quarrels. In order to assess the success of the peace treaties, the problems which were to be dealt with must first be identified. Militaristic dominance, territorial greed, and nationalism were the prominent issues that were amongst a variety of problems that yielded to the conflict better known as World War I. The victors (U.S.A, Britain, and France) of this global conflict were quick to assemble a peace treaty which they believed to be fair and appropriate in distributing the blame of the war. ...read more.

Middle

It was to give France back control of Alsace- Lorraine, and give Denmark Northern Schleswerg. These were just a few of the territorial losses that Germany experienced as a result of the treaty's terms. Although the territory was retrieved the treaty failed to have a long lasting impact on German submission and was soon violated in the midst of World War Two. The retribution of 226 billion Reichsmark demanded from Germany, which was later reduced to 132 billion in 1921 was enough to anger not only German government but civilians as well. In part because the amount was a result of the reparation debt placed on France with the 1871 Treaty of Frankfurt. Due to these humiliating requests German nationalism was easily broken, but it was only a matter of time in which the shame would turn into hatred that would fuel nationalist movements, such as the Nazis, to regain their respect. Very much like the Treaty of Versailles, the Treaty of St. Germain-en-Laye targeted the prominent problems that caused World War I but this time instead of regarding Germany, it regarded its ally Austro-Hungary. ...read more.

Conclusion

In retrospect, the Treaty of Versailles caused great resentment in Germany which later became a global problem, and was ineffective in collecting the reparation debt from Germany due to the weakening of its economy because of the sharp demands of the document. In the end no one was satisfied, although Germany was forced to a humiliating resolution, the victorious European powers had suffered an unprecedented brutality, and many felt that Germany had not paid enough for what it had done. Germany was not pacified, and it can even be said was now more hostile than before, which in turn hurt the future of Germany, consequently that of Europe and eventually the world. The Treaty of St. Germain had similar results, hurting the economy of a nation that contributed to the greater good of the Europe, and added a new wave of resentment by forming neighboring lands with warring societies. When assessing the success of such treaties it can not be ignored that they temporarily solved issues of military and territorial retributions. Unfortunately the damper it put on the defeated countries' nationalism with humiliating requests, only increased the animosity amongst the nations and led to an upheaval that turned into World War II. ...read more.

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