• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

In what ways did developments in Germany affect the Cold War between 1945?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

In what ways did developments in Germany affect the Cold War between 1945 - 1961? On May 8, 1945, the unconditional surrender of the German armed forces, the "Wehrmacht", was signed by Field Marshal Wilhelm Keitel in Berlin, ending World War II for Germany. Due to administrative purposes the Allied powers divided the country into four occupational zones. While located wholly within the Soviet zone, because of its symbolic importance as the nation's capital and seat of the former Nazi government, the city of Berlin was not considered to be part of the Soviet zone. Within this context, the developments taking place in Germany happened to have a vast impact on the tension build-up of the Cold War. To answer the question, not only diplomatic elements but also economic elements and elements of European Integration have to be taken in consideration. But in August 1961 when the conflict faced its climax because Khrushchev unexpectedly closed the borders and only two choices were left for Kennedy; to either surrender or use force against Russia's threat, the situation found its turning point. After the Third Reich was effectively abolished in the spring of 1945, the country was placed under military rule and divided into geographical zones reflecting the actual positions of the occupying armies. ...read more.

Middle

As a result of these developments, the superpower tension reached a highpoint, which had a massive impact on the relations between Kennedy and Khrushchev and also showed acknowledgement that Cold War won't end soon. Furthermore, Russia's position was put under pressure when the 1953 protests in East Berlin against Communist rule took place as the weakness of support for the Communist government was revealed. It demonstrated that Soviet-style communism had not made any significant dent in East German political attitudes and exposed Russia's failure in a global context. The 'iron fist' respond from Russia and America's struggle to proceed made the ideological differences between the two superpowers even more apparent. Not only did the geographical division of Germany build up the tension, but also economical reasons strengthened the conflict. The role of business and 'corporate' interests was particularly prominent in the shaping of the Marshall Plan, officially called the European Recovery Program, which was a financial aid from the United States offered to many European, including Eastern European, countries that caused a massive economic boom from 1953 to 1957 in the West. Then again, Russia prohibited the Eastern European countries to accept the Marshall Plan since they did not want their sphere of influence to receive help from the United States. ...read more.

Conclusion

In that way, no matter how enormous the Red Army itself was, the Russia was threatened by the NATO and West Germany was in a safer position. This European Integration of West Germany strengthened the whole European unity against Russia in a military, political and economical way. Nevertheless, Germany was where the two spheres met. The developments in Germany can definitely be seen as a key element for the process of the Cold War; its sheer significance is shown by the powerful symbol for seriousness of the Cold War to have a divided country in the middle of Europe. Due to its geographical location, Germany was the negotiating table for the two superpowers and the place where their armies met face to face. In economical comparison the FDR can be seen as the more successful state, whereas the Red Army's force and men power cast a shadow over the Western plans since it took drastic measures. But not only developments in Germany, but also the spread of communism in Asia and as well the Vietnam War have to be considered to evaluate the tension build-up between the USSR and the United States. 1 http://www.sjsu.edu/faculty/watkins/germany.htm ?? ?? ?? ?? Magdalena Kupfersberger History SL - L6 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. What Effect Did World War II have on Eastern Europe?

    Poland also has a significant pharmaceutical industry that specializes in prescription drug manufacturing. Poland's liberal law regarding businesses has encouraged growth in the country since the fall of communism. The service sector now accounts for the largest segment of Poland's economy.

  2. US and the Vietnam War

    With these reasons, many historians concluded that, "the trail undeniably lay at the heart of the war." (Travel and History) In 1965, the Anti-War Movement in the United States was established. "The extended length of the war, the high number of U.S.

  1. Nazi Germany

    had wider support than Ebert b/c he was a right-winger - he built up Germany's prosperity again - under the Dawes Plan reparations payments were spread over longer period, and 800million lent America to G. industry - by 1927 Germany seemed to recovered very well - 1928 the levels of

  2. Compare and contrast the economic and political developments in the USSR and Germany 1918-1924

    Therefore Ludendorff4 tried, in October 1918, to reform Germany, making it a constitutional monarchy, and handed over power of the armed forces to the Reichstag5. Germany was moving towards a more democratic rule than Russia. The October reforms in Germany, however, were not enough.

  1. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    Large increase in foreign investment 200m rubles in1890 900m in 1900. 2. Industrial output advanced overall 400% growth 1890-1910 (esp. heavy ind) 3. Development of railways Witte saw it as a way of improving communication and stimulating industrial demand for goods and services to build it.

  2. Explain the USAs policy of containment. How successful was this in Korea, Vietnam and ...

    USA did not achieve anything in this war, if anything they allowed further areas to fall under communism as before the war the South was not communist. It could be argued though that the policy of containment only failed

  1. To What Extent Did The Space Race Exacerbate Political Tensions Between The USA and ...

    So far Apollo had been all promise; now the delivery was about to begin.?[17] Following the successes of Apollo craft before it, and the ambitious attempts at the Moon made by the Zond spacecraft (albeit somewhat limited by the USSR?s differing trajectories to the USA, limiting their launch capabilities, meaning

  2. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    Before 1948, almost 90% of Jews had arrived from Europe, and by 1961 they represented only 55% of the population. This coming together in Israel of the Ashkenazim, or European, Jews (who had played such a central role in building up the national home)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work