Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5

Industry vs Agriculture: The Economics Leading to the Civil War

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Patrick Finnegan February 9, 2010 Industry vs Agriculture: The Economics Leading to the Civil War 1. Opening Statement (Emily Boney) The basis of this argument is founded upon the fact that Northern states (The Union) was an industrial society and supported tariffs on imported goods from Europe because they wanted Americans to buy goods made in the United States. The Southern culture, however, was to buy things made in Europe, therefore they were against these tariffs. i. Introduction a. Ladies and gentlemen of the court, today my team and I will defend the theory that the Civil War began due to economic differences between the North and the South. ii. Thesis: The North and South were divided primarily by issues regarding slavery, tariffs and differences in industry. iii. Reason for guilt a. Slavery: North was against slavery, South was for it. Buying and selling slaves large part of Southern economy, depended on slaves to produce cotton. (Economics of the Civil War) b. Tariffs: North liked tariffs, people bought American. South disliked tariffs, wanted luxury goods from Europe. North tried to impose tariffs on South, tariffs alone were one of the main reasons for Southern secession. (476) c. Different economies: South = cotton agriculture, North = industry and factories (Economics of the Civil War). iv. Weaknesses in other trials a. ...read more.

Middle

I do not expect the Union to be dissolved; I do not expect the house to fall; but I do expect that it will cease to be divided. It will become all the one thing or all the other" (Norton, Roger). Q: But why would a simple difference in economies trigger such a catastrophic war? A: The thing is to the people of this time the economic variations were something that could not be avoided or shoved in the background. As soon as they realized that they were on paths of creating a successful nation by different means they sought change through war. It troubled the South that the North was industrialized while they stayed in the farming era. By moving forward with industry and non-slave labor the North put out he message that they were against the South's way of maintaining a successful economy. When a states economy is threatened craziness pursues. Money meant everything to the Southern states so when the North was found to be more successful through means of industry the South was automatically against them (EH.Net Encyclopedia: Economics of the Civil War). Q: How did tariffs add to the economic differences that led to the war? A: First off, Tariffs created money for the government by creating taxes on imported goods. ...read more.

Conclusion

And in the nation's attempt to: establish or abolish slavery, regulate tariffs, and create industries that could coexist with one another, our nation became divided in a political and physical Civil War. Leading me to why we are gathered here today in this courtroom, I will no doubt find the economic differences of the Northern and Southern States guilty for causing the Civil War! 4. Cross-examination Questions i. Slavery- Slavery is a guilty cause to the civil war. However, do you agree that the Southern economies were formulated around slave labor, making the issue of slavery detrimental to the economy? ii. Culture- What defines culture? The jobs in an area bring and establish culture, the urban sprawl caused by the types of work found in the North and the South is the leading cause of the Civil War. iii. Election of Abe Lincoln- What was Abe Lincoln's platform that caused him to be elected? iv. State's Rights- "A house divided against itself cannot stand. I believe this government cannot endure permanently half slave and half free. I do not expect the Union to be dissolved; I do not expect the house to fall; but I do expect that it will cease to be divided. It will become all the one thing or all the other." Many politicians believed that federal rights preceded state's rights, in a nation that is defined by it's very economy, how can our determination to create a singularity reflect upon the state's rights? 5. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. the causes and consequences of the spanish civil war

    of the Spanish Empire and belated economic development, this is a long-term cause. The short-term causes were the events of the Second Republic between 1931 and 1936. Many peoples' expectations were raised too highly, knowing that, in practice, there was an impossibility in reconciling such widely conflicting interests with the extreme wealth versus extreme poverty.

  2. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    Lenin ended the terror and began the NEP when the Civil War was over because it was no longer needed. 1922 to 1928 the GPU reports over 3000 strikes but only 6 in which authorities arrested striking workers. Prison population only exceeded 100000 in 1925 with a tiny minority of that for political offenses.

  1. Analyse the causes of the Spanish Civil War

    This period contains the most violent actions and shows how the tension was at the peak and the war could have been the only solution. This group was anti-fascist, collected left groups such as socialists and communists and was not popular as the name suggested.

  2. The Evaluation and Effect on the Formation of W.E.B Du Boiss NAACP during the ...

    He played a crucial role in creating the Niagara Movement, which demanded social and political equality by opposing segregation, enforcing the 13, 14, 15th amendments, and women suffrage. Du Bois also aimed to cease racism and promote equality by creating the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People in 1910, also known as the NAACP.

  1. The Chinese Civil War

    event that happened in China as it led to the establishment of today's People's Republic of China. To evaluate in specifically the reasons for the victory of Mao and the Chinese Communists Party is very interesting. This reasoning lies upon the previous knowledge on this historical event.

  2. The North, The South, and Slavery

    American inventions i. 1839- Charles Goodyear found a way to vulcanize rubber, and established great American rubber industry by 1860 ii. 1846- Elias Howe (MASS) constructed a sewing machine and Isaac Singer mad improvements 1. Employed in manufacturing of ready-to-wear clothing g.

  1. english vs irish 1800-1916

    Still, his attempts to repeal the Act of Union failed. The idea of ruling "the best part of Ireland" to get "control of the worst" was England's plan (Document 7). Some Irish did not want the Home Rule to pass and wished to stay apart of the United Kingdom in

  2. What caused World War 1?

    The Russian empire had begun to expand into China and so Britain entered into the Anglo-Japanese Entente with Japan to retain some influence in Asia. As with most alliances it was agreed that each country would help to defend the other militarily in the case of war thus reducing the seclusion Britain was feeling.

  • Over 180,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work

Marked by a teacher

This essay has been marked by one of our great teachers. You can read the full teachers notes when you download the essay.

Peer reviewed

This essay has been reviewed by one of our specialist student essay reviewing squad. Read the full review on the essay page.

Peer reviewed

This essay has been reviewed by one of our specialist student essay reviewing squad. Read the full review under the essay preview on this page.