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Internal Assessment - How effective were the policies implemented by the U.S. during the occupation of Japan? (Mock)

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Introduction

History Mock Internal Assessment How effective were the policies implemented by the U.S. during the occupation of Japan? 19-03-2012 WORD COUNT: 1645 Contents A. Plan of Investigation....................................... pg. 3 B. Summary of Evidence..................................... pg. 4 C. Evaluation of Sources..................................... pg. 7 D. Analysis............................................................. pg. 8 E. Conclusion........................................................ pg. 10 F. Bibliography..................................................... pg. 11 A. Plan of Investigation In this investigation I will examine the U.S. policies in Japan during its occupation after the Second World War, ranging from years 1945 to 1952. I will compare the purpose of the US policies in Japan to their methods of implementation and outcomes in order to determine how effective they were in serving their respective objectives. Hence, the research question for this investigation could be stated as: How effective were the policies implemented by the U.S. during the occupation of Japan? To carry out my investigation, information from extensive sources will be used, including secondary sources such as books and journals as well as internet articles and publications. All sources will be relevant to the topic and pertaining to the objective of this research. B. Summary of Evidence I. Situational Evidences * Japanese Emperor Hirohito signed the surrender form on August 14, 1945, marking the start of the Allied Occupation of Japan. ...read more.

Middle

The book's content matches the topic, as it covers Japan's modern history in detail. In addition, Dr. Mary L. Hanneman has a Ph.D on Japanese history and is an author of two books that both specialize in Japanese history, which adds credit to the author's reliability. However, the limit of this source is that the chapters that cover the actual Occupation approximate 30 pages, which implies possible loss of detail. Another limit is that the book's focus is not on policies but general history of modern Japan, and thus the book may lack details about specific policies required for answering the research question. The origin of the second source is a journal article from the April-May 2003 issue of Socialism Today. This is a review on John Dower's book (thus a secondary source). The author, Laurence Coates, is a Sweden-based journalist and social activist who writing for Socialism Today. The source, despite its medium as a book review, is valuable in that it illustrates Socialist perspective upon the topic, providing not only arguments against the effectiveness of U.S. policies but also additional historical facts regarding U.S. policies that back up its view upon the topic. Thus, this source provides several valid points arguing against the effectiveness of U.S. policies in Japan. ...read more.

Conclusion

Also, a general strike in 1947, where Japanese railroad and other public sector workers rose up to defend their positions were militarily dismantled. (Coates) Another controversy regarding the U.S. success on Japan's democratization involves Emperor Hirohito, who was exempted of any charges and virtually made "invisible" during the war trial periods 1946-1949. (Coates) SCAP's announcement of a new constitution promoted democracy and equality. Following this, Emperor Hirohito was lifted of all political and military powers. (Hanneman) However, MacArthur kept the system of Empire within Japan, the very representation of medieval hierarchy. E. Conclusion In conclusion, U.S. policies within occupied Japan had both successes and failures. The objective of demilitarization was carried out thoroughly, eliminating war criminals and military affiliates from positions of power. But it was also ineffective in that the U.S. occupation ultimately helped Japan build one of the most advanced military forces in the world. Controversies continue onto the second objective, democratization, which established one of the earliest democratic governments in Asia with full voting rights and structural gender equality. However, the presence of Japanese Royalty that was supported by SCAP, the U.S. control over Japanese media and the military dismantlement of democratic strikes pose a doubt to whether democracy was really supported by the U.S. To conclude, the U.S. policies in Japan during its occupation were effective in some aspects, but not entirely successful. F. ...read more.

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