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It was the weakness of the provisional government that brought about the october revolution rather than the strength of the Bolsheviks

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Introduction

It was the weakness of the Provisional Government that brought the October Revolution about rather than the strengths of the Bolsheviks In October 1917 the Bolsheviks overthrew the Provisional Government and began their total takeover of Russia. The former Soviet Union, which grew from the Bolshevik State promoted the idea that the October Revolution was a movement where Lenin and the Bolshevik Party led the proletariat, with the support of the peasants against the bourgeois Provisional Government, overthrowing it and beginning the dictatorship of the proletariat. But how important were the Bolsheviks really in the fall of the Provisional Government. Yes, it was the Bolsheviks that executed the final act of arresting the ministers and members of the Provisional Government. In spite of this, one must consider if the October Revolution would have taken place even if the Bolsheviks were not in place. After the February Revolution of 1917 there was an extremely fragile balance of power between the Petrograd Soviet and the Provisional Government. Even though, technically the provisional government "ran" the country, the Soviet held most of the power. Including communications, transportation, power stations and the soldiers and workers of Petrograd and the loyalty of most outside the capital. ...read more.

Middle

This led to many problems the Provisional Government would probably have liked to have lived without. This caused a falling-out with the peasants who were now even more unwilling to supply the cities with food, leading to an even greater shortage of food in the cities than before. As the year went on the peasants began to seize land of their own accord, the Provisional Government was loosing the light control it had on Russia. There was increasing disillusionment of the Provisional Government in the eyes of the lower and even the middle classes. Their failure to do anything about the deteriorating economic situation and their lack of social reform caused increasing radicalization of the workers. The Provisional Government lost a great deal of support from the national minorities in Russia when they refused to give them even a degree of autonomy. Kadets, a liberal party, dominated the Provisional Government. As the summer wore on Liberals moved further to the right, as many were frightened and appalled by the violence and power of the workers. In the workers eyes they became associated with reactionary military officers and landowners. The many of the moderate socialists became out of touch with their supporters, who were the workers and the peasants. ...read more.

Conclusion

By association with Kerensky the Socialist Revolutionaries and the Mensheviks were discredited and their seemingly inability to change policy was condemned by the people Most of the moderate socialists now placed all their hope in the Constituent Assembly. However the Provisional Government failed to call the elections early enough. Many of the members of the Provisional Government, especially the liberals, knew they would not be favored in the elections for the Constituent Assembly so they tried to put off elections until the war ended and a more stable period came where they would be more favored. This let the Bolsheviks gain more and more popularity. When Kerensky moved against the Bolsheviks in the days leading up to the revolution he gave the Bolsheviks an excuse to seize power in the name of the Soviet. The Bolsheviks were the only party openly opposing the Provisional Government, calling for "all power to the Soviets" this earned them many supporters. One may say that the October revolution in one form or another would have happened even if the Bolsheviks had not been in place, this is probably the case. However, it is important to remember that there were some key figures in the Bolshevik party that held great influence over the events of 1917 such as Lenin and Trotsky. Had they not been where they were, the future of Russia could have look extremely different. ...read more.

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