• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month


Extracts from this document...


Lekha Ravichandran Class #2 9/2/09 ITALIAN UNIFICATION: Risorgimento, or Italian unification, was a nationalistic movement that attempted to unite all the different states of Italy into one country. Piedmont-Savoy actually led this Italian resurgence by aiding the Turks in the Crimean War in order to advance the cause of Italian nationalism. The Italians were hoping to get the help of Great Britain and France through this war to get rid of Austrians from their territory. Piedmont-Savoy did not get what it was hoping for, but Austria was left isolated. ...read more.


Austria strongly opposes Italian unification, and Cavour identifies Austria as an obstacle. He enlists the French army under Napoleon III and they both sign a mutual protection pact. Then, Cavour tricks Austria into declaring war on Piedmont-Savoy. In 1859, the French attack and defeat the Austrians in two battles. Napoleon III ends the war, due to Prussian persuasion, by striking a separate deal with Austria. It was decided that Austria would cede Lombardy to Piedmont-Savoy and that the French get Savoy. Tuscany, Modena, Parma, and Romania are granted universal manhood suffrage - so they overthrow their rulers and join Piedmont-Savoy through what is known as a Plebiscite. ...read more.


One reason was because there were still parts of Italy that was not Italian yet, known as Irrendenta. These unredeemed parts were Venetia, Rome, Dalmatian Coast, and South Tyrol. Moreover, the Italian Catholics did not support the government, which was anti-clerical. All this resulted in a very weak central government. These issues, along with having poor industrial potential, conflicts between the North and South, and being colonially bereft all served to downplay the role and power of Italy in Europe. Italy became a unified country, but they found it difficult to be a powerful nation that had a lot of influence and authority in the continent. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Notes on Italian unification - background and main events

    50, 000 members in 1833 Gioberti and the Idea of Unification under the Papacy - Vincenzo Gioberti was a Priest in Piedmont; he believed that the Papal States could help to unify Italy. He published these ideas in 1843 - 1846- Gioberti died and was replaced by Pope Pius IX (Pio Nono)

  2. The Importance of Cavour, Mazzini and Garibaldi to Italian Unification

    It is debatable whether he worked towards a unified Italy Italian historians suggest that he did, while other historian such as Mack Smith in his book "Cavour and Garibaldi" state the opposite. Cavour's main aim was to expand the Piedmontese territory and annex other states and so increase the influence of Piedmont.

  1. Italian Unification Revision Notes. Italian Politics in 1815

    � So, Italy had to be united. He did not want a federal Italy, which might retain the old foreign rulers. Instead, the whole peninsula should be independent, with one central government and locally elected officials � There should be democracy and the guarantee of individual rights.

  2. Napoleon III contributions to the Italian unification.

    The Pope was going to be persuaded to agree to the new arrangements by being president of the Italian Federation. So we can see now how Napoleon gains influence and popularity because everyone would be satisfied; Italian nationalists by the removal of Austrians; liberals by the

  1. Assess the relative importance of Mazzini, Cavour, and Garibaldi to the unification of Italy ...

    Society which aimed at the liberation of Italy from domestic/foreign dictatorship and at the political unification of Italy under a republican form of government. In April 1831, there was a change of monarch in Sardinia-Piedmont with the succession of Charles Albert who was known to have relations with the Carbonari.

  2. Italian Unification: True Father of Italy

    And this can be seen through his many achievements such as his conquests of the South in 1860. Hence, it is clear that Garibaldi was 'il vero e solo padre del Risorgimento": Garibaldi possessed a voice which was renowned throughout Europe and he was at his best when delivering spontaneous address which appealed to the emotions.

  1. Analyse the political factors involved in the unification of Italy up to 1861

    But nevertheless Piedmont's lieaders weren't willing to give up so Charles Felix asked Metternich for help. Austrian troops defeated the Turin liberals at the Battle of Novarra in 1821. Whereas in Modena a similar uprising was led by Enrico Misley, son of a proffessor, who was arrested by Duke Francis, who was under the control of Austrian Empire.

  2. History Essay (Bismarck's Influence on the German Unification

    German nationalism originated during the turn of the 18th century with the defeat of Napoleon in the battle of Leipzig. The War of Liberation has often been seen as the first collective action of the German nation, which caused the beginnings of the German Unification[2].

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work