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Lecture Notes - the Founding Fathers and early US history.

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Introduction

12-11-13 2:17 PM 1. November 13, 2012 2. The development of Political Parties in the United States 3. Forging the new republic 1. George Washington (1788-1796) 1. Hero of American revolution 2. Unanimously elected by electoral college in 1788 as 1st president of US 3. Sworn in on april 30 1789 on wall street 4. 2 main problems 1. creating new government 2. finding unity and trust with the American ppl 1. Thomas Jefferson 2. John adams 3. James madison 4. Problems with the new nation 1. Financial situation 2. Federal government/articles of confederations 3. Law breaking citizens/rebellions 4. Paper money is worthless ï nothing to back it up 1. Government 1. Washington forms his cabinet 2. Judiciary act of 1789 established the supreme court 3. Congress creates bank of United States 1. Coonflicts 1. Native americans fight against white settlemet in Northwest Territory 2. US and GB fight war of 1812 1. Exoansion 1. Louisana purchase roughly doubles size of US 2. Lewis and Cark explore the west 1. Organizing the government 1. Feb 1789 – washingon elected predsidentl john adams became vp 2. Congress created 1st executive department: sate, treasury and war. ...read more.

Middle

4. Hamilton urged Federalists to vote for Jefferson. On the 36th vote, Jefferson was chosen president. 1. These problems with the voting system led to the passage of the Twelfth Amendment (1804), which said that electors must cast separate ballots for president and vice president. 2. Burr held a grudge against Hamilton for supporting Jefferson and for preventing him from winning the governor?s race in New York in later years. In 1804, Burr killed Hamilton in a duel 1. Jefferson Makes Changes 2. Succeeded in reducing government 1. Only customs duties and the sale of lands produced revenue for the government. 2. Reduced the size of the executive department staff 1. Succeeded in reducing size of military 1. Reduced the size of the army and navy 2. However, built up navy to help merchant ships when attacked by pirates 1. The Louisiana Purchase 2. 3. November 22 2012 4. WAR DEBATE 5. DOMESTIC POLICY 6. We are independent already, they no longer control us 7. We are and have the right to be in control of our own trade 8. They are interrupting our trade, and once again taking over our country 9. 10. Economy 1. Disrupting our trade 2. Wrecking our economy 3. No right to do so 1. ...read more.

Conclusion

Defense arrangements 3. Arms control 4. Peacekeeping 5. Friendly relationships 1. E,g Canada ? involvement in Afghanistan (NATO) 1. Economic Growth 1. Trade 2. Immigration 3. Resource management 4. Transportation 5. Communication 6. International trade agreements 1. E.g. Canada ? NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement) 1. Safe Environment 1. Preserve and protect environment 2. Manage natural resources 1. E.g Canada ? Kyoto Protocol 1. Quality of Life 1. Cultural 2. Technological 3. Scientific exchanges 4. Betterment of people 1. E.g. Canada ? would benefit if for example Russia comes up with cure to cancer 1. Sovereignty 1. Controlling own affairs without interference from foreign powers; independence 2. 1. WAR OF 1812 ? MOVIE 2. Canada remembers because that?s when they got independence 1. However 1st nations WERENT happy b/c they lost independence 1. Inspired to start b/c of british vs. napoleon?s france 1. British cut off French-american trade 1. Pissed off America even tho they wanted to stay neutral=more $ 1. Tcaseum 1. Shaunee leader 2. ?george washington? - same ideas 3. wanted to unite all ?indians? to stand up against americans all together 1. June 1812 1. declaration of war ? against british 1. impressing sailors 2. stirring trouble with natives ? aiding 3. disrupting trade 1. ...read more.

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