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Lord North

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Introduction

Throughout the American Revolution, many individuals contributed by taking part in various events. One of these individuals was Frederick Lord North. He served as the Prime Minister of Britain from 1770 to 1782. North played an important role during the Revolutionary Era since his involvement in the Tea Act led to the Boston Tea Party. Also, Lord North made several tactical errors during the battles between Britain and the American Colonies, thereby contributing to Britain's debt and the American victory. Lord North's goal to enact the Tea Act for the American Colonies was to save the East India Company from bankruptcy; however his plan did not go as he planned. Firstly, the East India Company was near bankruptcy in 1773. The company was heavily in debt and with ten million pounds of tea in London; Parliament removed the duty on tea to boost sales in America.1 The Tea Act was then enacted to benefit the East India Company. Next, Lord North liked the idea of the Tea Act since he thought it would further bring profits to the East India Company. ...read more.

Middle

A dozen ships carrying 1,700 chests of tea sailed into American ports, the tea was then dumped into the harbor. Since North did not remove the Tea Act even though he has been getting complaints previously, protesters decided to dump all the tea came from the East India Company into the Boston Harbor. Next, Lord North decided to punish all of Boston and the colony of Massachusetts. Lord North stated: "The Americans have tarred and feathered your subjects, plundered your merchants, burnt your ships, denied all obedience to your laws and authority. Whatever may be the consequences, we must risk something; if we do not, all is over"4 North hoped that the Acts would cause American colonies to acknowledge the British Parliament over their elected assemblies. However, the harshness of this act only further weakened the relationship between Britain and the American colonies. The Continental Congress created an agreement to avoid British goods coming into America, the congress also wanted to support Massachusetts if it was attacked.5 This meant that if one colony got into an attack, all the colonies would be involved in the American Revolutionary War. ...read more.

Conclusion

This resulted in the Revolutionary War where the American side won. Prime Minister Frederick Lord North is now remembered as the man who lost America. 1 Conlin, Joseph R. A History of the United States, Our Land, Our Time. Henry Billings, Clifford O'Harrow. Chico, California: Coronado Publishers Inc., 1985. 2 Brucolli, Matthew J., and Richard Layman. American Eras- Revolutionary Era (1754-1783). 2 ed. American Eras. Karen L. Rood. Detroit, Michigan: Gale Publishers Inc., 1998. 3 Conlin, Joseph R. A History of the United States, Our Land, Our Time. Henry Billings, Clifford O'Harrow. Chico, California: Coronado Publishers Inc., 1985. 4 Conlin, Joseph R. A History of the United States, Our Land, Our Time. Henry Billings, Clifford O'Harrow. Chico, California: Coronado Publishers Inc., 1985. 5 Driver,Stephanie Schwartz. The Declaration Of Independance. Jason Hook. Hauppauge, New York: The Ivy Press Ltd., 2004. 6 Snow, Matthew. "A Biography of Lord North (1713-1792)." May 5, 2003. http://www.let.rug.nl/usa/B/north/north.htm (accessed May 5, 2003). 7 Driver,Stephanie Schwartz. The Declaration Of Independance. Jason Hook. Hauppauge, New York: The Ivy Press Ltd., 2004. 8 Independence Hall Association, "The Prime Ministry of Lord North." 2002July 4, 1999. http://www.ushistory.org/declaration/related/lordnorth.htm (accessed June 2, 2002). ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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