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Major Events and Individuals in the Subjugation of the American Indians

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Introduction

´╗┐Chapter 5 Western Crossroads 1. Identify and Explain: Bureau of Indian Affairs- This is a government agency responsible for managing American Indian issues. John M. Chivington- John M. Chivington was a U.S army Colonel; he was in charge of 700 volunteers at the camp site of the Cheyenne tribe. Sand Creek Massacre- The Sand creek massacre was an event that took place in the fall of 1864, Colonel John M. Chivington arrived with 700 volunteers at the camp site of the Cheyenne tribe, which was along the Sand Creek. Colonel John M. Chivington raised a flag above his lodge as a sign of peace. Cheyenne Chief Black Kettle told his tribe that they came in peace and they where in no harm. John M. Chivington then ordered the troops to ?Open fire on the mass of men, women and children? around 200 women and children died in the Sand Creek Massacre. Sitting Bull- Was a part of the Lakota Sioux tribe. He became a spiritual leader and medicine chief in the tribe. ...read more.

Middle

The Sioux and U.S soldiers started shooting and in the end 150 Sioux died and only 30 U.S soldiers where killed. Chief Joseph- Chief Joseph is the chief of the Nez perce tribe. Some of his tribe members killed four white settlers which forced the Nez perce to flee to Idaho, Wyoming, and Montana. Chief Joseph picked up followers along the way and numbered from about 700-800. His plan was to flee to Canada but was captured and surrendered less than 40 miles from the Canadian border. Geronimo- Geronimo was an apache leader who fled the reservation he was on to raid settlements with about 75 followers. They raided settlements throughout Arizona and Mexico. In 1884 Geronimo was captured and accepted reservation life. In 1884 Geronimo escaped the reservation again this time with 130 followers and continued to raid settlements. On September 4th, 1886 Geronimo and his followers were captured and sent to Florida as prisoners of war. Sarah Winnemucca- Sarah Winnemucca was a Paiute who identified the problems and the broken promises of the government. ...read more.

Conclusion

Finding the Main Idea: 1. Why did the U.S government attempt to resettle American Indians on reservations? The government hoped the Indians would abandon traditional ways of life, and become farmers. In return, Indians would receive money and guarantees that the reservation lands would be theirs forever. They did this to make way for settlement by immigrants from other countries. 1. Provide a brief history of the relations between the Bureau of Indian Affairs and the Plains Indians The Bureau of Indian affair, BIA, thought that Indians should be in position where they can be controlled and would resort to agricultural labor, or starve. Most Plains Indians fought the BIA and tried to preserve their homeland. In the end, most Indians would eventually move onto reservations and the BIA would make promise that they would not keep. 1. How did the American Indians resist attempts to assimilate them into white culture? By the many battles such as The battle of Little Bighorn and their performance at Rosebud. They also resisted by the creation of the Ghost Dance, a religious movement made by the Wovoka, sought to bring the return of buffalo herds and the traditional Indian ways of life. ...read more.

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