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Mazzini + Cavour- The Italian Unification

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Introduction

History Test Draft Mazzini + Cavour Question During the Unification of Italy, Giuseppe Mazzini and Count Camillo de Cavour played large roles in the uniting of many Italian states. While Cavour played a more practical role in the unification, Mazzini was able to use his radical ideas and his own nationalist society to sway the views of many Italian people. Giuseppe Mazzini was a somewhat enlightened and very radical thinker. He was generally not liked in society because of his radical views that most people were not ready to think about. The people of the Italian states were more progressive and Mazzini's views were not well accepted. Mazzini believed that through education and insurrection, he could create uprisings among the Italian states. He began a society that was called the Young Italians. In this society he taught young Italian boys about his views on Italian Nationalism and liberal ideas. He believed that if he was able to educate many people to his ideas, he would be able to sway their views to be in favour of the uniting of the Italian states. ...read more.

Middle

Cavour learned that economics and finance would be very important in his country and he was able to focus on these aspects rather than social aspects. Cavour therefore was able to take control of his country in a diplomatic way. Cavour was known for his political news paper called 'Il Risorgimento" where he was able to express his ideas of creating a Unified Italy to the Italian people. Count Cavour was also very well known for his idea of 'Realpolitik'. Realpolitik was the vision of having a country or state that was very much in favour of idealism and nationalism. He was able to also bring this to his country of Piedmont-Sardinia where he began his Italian Unification movement. Part way through his rule, Britain and Russia were fighting in the Crimean war. Cavour decided to bring Piedmont- Sardinia into the war against Britain and Russia to prove the strength of his country. He in fact did end up proving Piedmont-Sardinia's strength by winning this war. ...read more.

Conclusion

He may have been able to create a republic that would last much longer than the Roman Republic lasted. Cavour was truly able to inflict his dreams upon the Italian states. It can be said that Cavour's accomplishments were greater because he accomplished the unification of some of the Northern states, which was his aim. He was able to use his policy of "Realpolitik" to achieve influence on powerful European countries. Cavour was also able to establish a good personal relationship with Napoleon III who then aided him with the expansion of Piedmont. Cavour's role can be seen as more practical because his ideas had a visible outcome in the uniting of the northern Italian states. Overall, both Mazzini and Cavour had important roles in the Unification of Italy. Mazzini had an important role of sparking new radical ideas in Italy. Cavour on the other hand, had a more realistic outlook on how to unify the many states and it can therefore be said that he played a more practical role in the unification of Italy than Mazzini. Jessica Moldaver 11J 1/23/2008 ...read more.

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