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My research questions: did the United States of America really lose the Vietnam War and if so why did they lose it?

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Introduction

INTRODUCTION If we want to judge one or other nation for losing a War we must first consider the empirical background of the war itself. "War is the condition that exists when a group --generally, a recognized state or nation but often a political, social, or economic faction within a recognized political group -- feels its vital interests are at stake and seeks to impose its beliefs or control on a rival group through the use of overt force."1 From this definition we can see that a group goes to war to protect its interests. The question that is paramount in my essay is who do we consider the victors and who the vanquished? The winner might be the one who kills most people and loses the least. Also, the one who withdraws the last from war. But the overriding criterion describing the victor is the one who achieves its pursued aim in the war. Hence, I will consider this question in a particular area - The Vietnam War. My research questions: did the United States of America really lose the Vietnam War and if so why did they lose it? In my study I will enlist and afterwards analyze the goals and interests of the United States. First I will define the official goals of the Americans and analyze whether they succeeded to fulfill them. Afterwards I will discuss what unofficial aims some particular groups had linked to the Vietnam War and what they ultimately achieved. In my analysis my fundamental resources were the reminiscences of four Vietnam Veterans, who I happened to ask a few questions myself. I also used a few books and WebPages. ...read more.

Middle

He says the lessons the Soviets drew from Vietnam had an effect that was precisely the opposite of that in the United States. On the other hand some of the Vietnam Veterans assert that although the Vietnam War exposed the weak points of the U.S., Vietnam War could have been the trigger cause for the latter collapse of the Soviet Union, since while helping the North Vietnamese, the Soviets increased their economic burden.9 In either case, the defeat in Vietnam was a big fiasco for the then government of the U.S. Major McMaster states the real intentions of President Johnson in the Vietnam War.10 "In 1964 and 1965, Johnson's principal goals were to win the presidency in his own right and to pass his Great Society legislation through Congress."11 Thus the president waged the war just to become more popular and get reelected. But the war did not turn out in the way the President and his successors wished it to be. And seeing that people in the U.S. were more and more dissatisfied with America's foreign policy Johnson himself decided not to seek reelection in 1968. Another thing was that the United States had not participated in any important war after the Word War II. The situation in Vietnam, therefore, was also a great chance for them to try out their military power and make use of food and weaponry resources. As the Cold War had began years before the Vietnam War started the U.S. military strength improved: people were trained, guns produced, new stratagems set up etc. But everything had to be tested more than just on an imaginary enemy before it could be adopted in a more exhausting war. ...read more.

Conclusion

CONCLUSIONS In 1954 - 1975 the United States got involved in the Vietnam War. Naturally they had both declared and non-declared goals. DECLARED GOALS OF THE UNITED STATES IN VIETNAM WAR: 1. To secure the Freedom in the World: * To thwart the Communism from spreading in the World. 2. To keep promises to South Vietnam, that USA would come to help in case of need. 3. To maintain other people's trust in America as the power, that would help to overcome hazardous conflicts with other countries. 1. Political: * The authorities wanted to be reelected. 2. Economic - war industry and the related institutions could be developed * The Army got more investments because of war. 3. Military: * To demonstrate her military power to the World and especially Russia. * To try out their military strength and to make use of resources. 4. Social: * People wanted to be proud of their country. WHY THE UNITED STATES DID NOT ACHIEVE THEIR GOALS IN VIETNAM WAR? 1. The U.S. failed to win the support of South Vietnamese, who did not want to see their country destroyed. 2. The guerilla war began soon after the military operations started. The Vietnamese were highly experienced in guerrilla warfare. 3. The North Vietnamese and the NLF were more motivated since they were fighting for the independence of their country thus making them even more determined warriors. 4. Seeing the sad outcome of war the morale of American troops plummeted and they started sabotaging and making rash decisions. 5. American arms were of little use because of difficult environmental conditions. 6. After a few years of the war without any result the people back in the U.S. started protesting against fighting and demanded for the army withdraw. ...read more.

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