• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Napoleon Rule in France. Revision notes.

Extracts from this document...


Napoleonic Wars * 1769 The French republic had been at war for four years and finally took it beyond its own borders. * Bonaparte took command of French forces fighting against Austrians in northern Italy. * In the elections of 1797 royalists won. September, Bonaparte's troops helped the directory invalidate the elections. This was called the coup d'�tat of Fructidor. * In 1793 ships (British) of the channel fleet at Spithead and Nore mutinied against poor wages and living conditions. * Napoleon looked for a way to threaten Britain, but at the same time advance his career. o Went to Egypt. France could threaten Britain's rich eastern trade. ...read more.


* The concordat of 1801 re-established the catholic church in France o Church lands that had been confiscated under the civil constitution would not be returned. o The clergy would continue to be appointed by the French government, but had to be confirmed by the Pope. o The French gov't would pay the French clergy a reasonably salary. o Napoleon pledged that the majority of the French people would be catholic. o Clergy were placed under the authority of the pope. o Catholic worship was allowed o Catholic seminaries in France were reopened. o By signing the Concordat, the Pope recognized the legitimacy of the French Republic. ...read more.


o Workers were required to carry passbooks, and were forbidden from taking legal action against their employers. o As bread prices rose, Napoleon restricted the exports of grain. o Taxation was regularized. Tax exemptions were abolished. Social Policy * Government and military careers were open to those who had talent: no social standing, political connection, or wealth a guarantee position. * Education was seen as a path to career. It was more widely accessible. * Women did not have as much rights. o Husband controlled all rights to property, including children o Even if the property was owned by the wife, she needed her husband's consent to sell it or to leverage it for a loan. o Established legality of civil marriage and divorce, a wife's ability to bring divorce proceedings against her husband was severely limited. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. French Revolution and the rise of Napoleon - revision notes

    1762 - he published ''The Social Contract'' (''Umowa Spoleczna''), in which he proposed some ideas, for example: how to set up a political community in the face of problems of commercial society. He thought, that sovereignty should has less power than the legislative and act only by the means of the law.

  2. Italian Unification Revision Notes. Italian Politics in 1815

    What is certain, however, is that he is a key figure in the history of Italian unification. It's not easy to get to grips with Mazzini's thought, and few thinkers have been so misunderstood and caricatured. Nevertheless, Denis Mack Smith, in his biography (1994)

  1. History IA -Napoleon

    Anyone that disagreed with the National Assembly was tortured, and killed7. The nobility fled the country, and although the King tried to flee with his family to Varennes, he was sentenced to death for treason, and soon after his wife followed, leaving the position of ruler up for grabs.

  2. Waimar Republic - The first years of rule

    Opposition from the left The extreme right was not bound together by the same ideological belief as the left, but they were bound together by separate values that they had in common: Nationalism was probably the foundation of the extreme right.

  1. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    employed by zemstva and cities. Mostly young idealists (most liberal or socialist) who wanted to bring improvements despite being poorly paid. 8. These professionals cultivated a professional identity which was manifested by their formation of professional organizations. Regarded themselves as intelligentsia rather than government officials.

  2. Mao and China Revision Guide

    * The Yanan Years 1935-45 * Mao succeeded in imposing his personal authority on the CCP thought a combination of political and military skill. * The Comintern tried to dominate the CCP * Mao launched a series of 'rectification of conduct' campaigns (A series of ferocious purges by which Mao

  1. Ancient Greece revision notes

    grew exhausted and he told most of them to leave * He was significant by holding the Persians at Thermopalae, he delayed them for two days and proved they were not invincible. And by refusing to retreat from Thermopalae when the battle was lost, his sacrifice set an example of

  2. 20th Century History Revision Notes

    -Murder of Archduke Franz Ferdanand June 28 1914 and the arrest of German Principe -Austria-Hungary blaming Serbia for the death -Serbia not meeting ultimatum -Russia wanting control to get ships in med. And Adriatic sea and their threat to Austria-Hungary and mobilizes to defense S July 1 1914 -Austria-Hungary war

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work