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One of the main reasons behind the outbreak of hostilities in 1914 was the factor of unification in some countries, and disintegration in others. How far do you agree with this statement?

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Introduction

Nikita Bansal One of the main reasons behind the outbreak of hostilities in 1914 was the factor of unification in some countries, and disintegration in others. How far do you agree with this statement? (15m) 1914 was a year in world history in which, due to many causes and circumstances, the First World War broke out. There were many reasons for the outbreak of the war. The hostilities occurring during this period were indeed one of the causes which lead to the world war. These hostilities were a result of the unification of some countries and the disintegration in others. The countries that gained unification were Germany and Italy and the empires that faced disintegration were the Austro-Hungarian and Ottoman Turkish Empire. The unification of Germany and Italy occurred in the late 1800's. Their emergence was one of the greatest causes of the First World War. When Germany and Italy emerged as free nations, they too wished to join the races of colonialism. However, due to their late entry into the race, they had very little to chose from. ...read more.

Middle

Also, the Kaiser instigated the British by sending Kruger a congratulatory telegram on the Boers victory against the British. This further aggravated the British against the Germans and they became bitter enemies of Germany. Being a newly independent country, Germany should not have shown such large amounts of aggression, such as Italy did. This aggressive attitude of the Kaiser helped bringing European nations together against Germany. Another reason due to which Germany increased the hostilities in 1914 is their foreign policy of 'Weltpolitik' which means 'World Politics' by which they expanded their naval forces to large extents on the orders of Admiral Tirpitz. They built U-boats and Dreadnoughts, giving the British Navy high competition. Thus, Britain felt threatened and decided to form alliances with nations such as France and Russia. Also, when Germany didn't sign the Reinsurance Treaty with Russia and formed the Dual Alliance with Austria-Hungary, it pushed Russia to form an alliance with Britain and France. Thus, one may say that the unification of Germany led to such hostilities in 1914 as due to the aggressive policies and the Kaiser's diplomatic failures, the world was divided into the Allied Powers and the Central Powers which led to the First World War. ...read more.

Conclusion

On June 28th, 1914, when a Bosnian Serb Gavrilo Principe assassinated the heir apparent Archduke Francis Ferdinand, Austria Hungary blamed Serbia. They gave Serbia several ultimatums which Serbia accepted. However, on the insistence of Germany, Austria gave them an ultimatum which required Serbia to give them control of their army which they were not willing to accept. Thus, war was declared on Serbia by Austria Hungary on 28th July 1914 and the World War began. Thus, due to these disintegrated empires, new nations emerged which were highly aggressive and also due to these empires, struggling sections used violence in act of defiance. Thus, the disintegrated empires contributed a great deal to the hostilities of 1914. Thus, one may conclude by saying that both, newly unified nations and old disintegrated empires were responsible for the hostility in 1914. Both, these unified nations and disintegrated empires were together during the First World War and faced defeat on the hands of the Allied Powers. These nations aggressive policies and thirst for colonies and large amounts of land led them to cause hostility in Europe which led to a destructive World War. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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