• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Political Experiments of the 1920s

Extracts from this document...


Prudvi kasana Block 1A AP European History Chapter 27 - Political Experiments of the 1920s 1) Political and Economic factors after the Paris settlement a) New Governments i) Bolsheviks in Russia form a vast authoritarian state apparatus. ii) For the first time, governments were transforming into huge electorates. iii) The need for Liberal Democracy was strived for with the right to vote given to women and men. b) Demands for revision of the Paris settlement i) The Paris settlements left many troubles behind. ii) The humiliated Germany wanted the settlement to be revised. iii) Various nationalist groups felt that borders should have been changed. iv) Some countries like France felt the need to enforce the settlement. c) Post war Economic Problems i) Normalcy - the economic realm before WWI. ii) It was not possible for European countries to return to the time of industrial prosperity before WWI. iii) The casualties of the war were a big drawback because of the loss of human talent and consumers. iv) Another country of war was the loss of Europe's financial dominance. v) All the countries in Europe had huge debts especially Germany who had to pay huge reparations to all the European countries expect United States of America. vi) No nation was in control and every nation was unstable. ...read more.


The Rise of Mussolini i) Italian Fasci di Combattimento was created because they felt that Italy was left out of the fruits of the hard won victory of WWI at the Paris settlement. ii) Benito Mussolini was the leader of this group, and he was born to the son of a blacksmith. iii) Mussolini was replaced by Nationalism rather than Socialism. iv) Gabriele D'Annunzio was an extreme nationalist writer who was the main spokesperson for Mussolini's campaign. b) The Fascists in Power i) November 23, 1922 - The king and the parliament granted Mussolini dictatorial authority for one year to bring order to the local and regional government. ii) Chamber of Deputies - the fascists got complete control of this chamber of parliament which would put the fascists in control of Italy. iii) Soon, fascist propaganda, Mussolini was surrounded by a new era of fascist followers. c) Motherhood for the Nation in fascist Italy i) The government gave 25 percent of women more power in the workforce. 4) Joyless Victors a) France: The Search for Security i) The French people after WWI elected a conservative Chamber of Deputies like after other major wars. ii) French government created a number of new alliances like with Russia to replace pre war alliances. iii) They made a series of eastern alliances to strengthen their hold on Europe. ...read more.


Invasion of the Ruhr and Inflation i) Inflation made German economy struggle. ii) Children started to use packets of paper money as building blocks. iii) An American dollar was worth 64 German marks after war compared to 4.2 before war. iv) The French invasion of the Ruhr and the passive aggression by Germany made many labor unions in Ruhr angry at the Weimar republic and succumbed to French rule. d) Hitler's Early career i) Adolf Hitler started to grow in the ranks of the German army and would soon become the president. ii) Hitler created the National Socialist German Worker's Party, or commonly known as Nazis. iii) Hitler adopted the policy of anti-Semitism and many other grueling policies. iv) Hitler was jailed for his party rallies and his oppression to the Weimar republic. v) He wrote mein kampf, my struggle, from his jail and gained the support of many people. vi) With the book, he made considerable amount of money. e) The Stresemann Years i) The Weimar republic was trying to repair the inflation problem and it hired Gustav Stresemann. ii) Stresemann was responsible for bringing the German economic crisis back under control. iii) He created a number of policies including a new plan for paying repartitions. f) Locarno i) The Locarno Agreements was a reaction to the developments of the German economy. ii) Locarno made major policies which pleased every country included in the Paris settlement. iii) He satisfied all parts of the treaty and made sure everyone was getting their share of the fruits. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. French Revolution and the rise of Napoleon - revision notes

    The new Revolutionary Government was established. It was set up by the Constitution of Year III. It is known as The Directory (Dyrektoriat). It lasted from 1795 to 1799. The Directory included bicameral legislative known as: THE CORPSE LEGISLATIVE 1) COUNCIL OF FIVE HUNDRED (the lower house) Consisted of 500 delegates, 40 years old or over.

  2. Analyse the failure of the political parties in Japan in the 1920s to win ...

    The third aspect was the independent Japanese military that utilized on the Taisho's democratic efforts that had failed to halt the economic recession and submission of the Japanese government to the west.

  1. Italian Unification Revision Notes. Italian Politics in 1815

    Compared with western Europe, Piedmont's economic development was slow but compared with the other Italian states it was considerable. Cavour and the Foreign Powers - The Crimean War � Cavour soon realised that exploiting nationalist feeling and modernising Piedmont would not be enough to defeat Austria and win dominance over north Italy.

  2. Was the Russian Revolution due more to tsars inadequacy as a ruler of the ...

    As a result, the book does not explain or mention the smaller radical factions frequently but talks more instead about the bigger radical groups such as the Bolsheviks and Social Revolutionaries. Another limitation of the book would be that the author does not have the viewpoint of the time period

  1. What Effect Did World War II have on Eastern Europe?

    The agriculture sector accounted for the largest part of the economy. Wealthy landowners employed peasants for farming29. During World War Two, Poland's industry suffered. Due to the war, many factories and refineries were destroyed. Important resources were redirected toward the rebuilding process30.

  2. Life in the USA 1920's

    Farming was in serious trouble. Farming income had seriously dropped in 1928 and soon, the market was exceeded in goods. Prices fell at the same time unemployment was rising up. By 1929, the economy was already failing. Finally the Wall Street stock Market crashed. It can be said that it was mostly caused by speculation,

  1. Mao and China Revision Guide

    In 1965 it was reported that 30,000,000 primary school-aged children, mostly in the rural areas, were not receiving formal education. Educational resources were concentrated in the urban areas, not only in middle and high schools, but also in primary schools.

  2. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    Large offensive in June was unsuccessful against Germany. Refused to consider a separate peace, public demonstrations against the war. Nationalities 1. Greater self-rule and sharing in the concessions gained by Russian peasants and workers. 2. Recognized independence of Poland (behind German lines)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work