• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Porfirio Diaz History IB. The year of 1910 saw the 80th birthday of Jos de la Cruz Porfirio Diaz, president of Mexico and its dictator for more than 30 years.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Porfirio D�az History HL - IB Ivan Camilo Martin - German Gallo The year of 1910 saw the 80th birthday of Jos� de la Cruz Porfirio Diaz, president of Mexico and its dictator for more than 30 years. He was born in Oaxaca, Mexico, from a mestizo blood and humble family. His early years were filled with economic hardship and tragedy, for instance his father died when he was just three years old, leaving the family impoverished and hopeless. Nonetheless, Porfirio Diaz' mother named Petrona Mori, constantly struggling to raise 8 children on her own, recognized the importance of any kind of education and enrolled Porfirio in a seminary. He was educated for the Catholic Church, a body having immense influence in the country at the time and ordering and controlling revolutions by the strength given by their filled coffers. However, Porfirio Diaz' destiny lay in the world of temporal affairs. He switched his studies from the priesthood to law in the Institute of Science and Art. Known to be a diligent student, he was influenced and inspired by a remarkable figure in the Mexican society and one of his tutors named Benito Juarez, future president and beloved hero. ...read more.

Middle

When Porfirio Diaz was given the information that President Juarez and Vice President Sebastian Lerdo de Tejada were running for reelection, he imposed and end to his retirement and breaking completely from his former mentor, he ran against his elder for the office of the president in 1870. Notwithstanding Diaz lost the elections but he claimed that the elections previously carried has been fraudulent and launched the "Plan de la Noria", supported by a great number of rebellions across the nation, depicting himself as a liberal populist rather than a general attempting to gain control. However, the plan failed and there was nothing he could do about it. Following Juarez's natural death on July 9 of that year, Sebastian Lerdo de Tejada assumed the presidency under constitutional record. Nonetheless, he was unpopular among the Mexican culture since it was greatly believed he granted excessive concessions to U.S railway interests and he used constantly the power of the state to enforce his goals. In 1876, Porfirio staged once again a new rebellion and crafted the "Plan of Tuxtepec", a plan of governance based on the principle of a one-term presidential office with reelection forbidden, pretty ironical knowing Porfirio Diaz's future and his coming presidential tenure that lasted 35 years with several reelections involved. ...read more.

Conclusion

The solution was to create a paramilitary force against peasant revolts by having the most notorious bandits and putting them into the scary "Rurales", also known as the Rural Police. After achieving domestic tranquility, astonishing statistics were reached, for instance annual oil production of 10,000 barrels in 1901 rose to 13 million by 1911 and mining of the country's ample resources of gold, silver, copper and other metals was transformed. He also built an efficient transport system of thousands of railroad tracks. The rich prospered while the urban poor toiled for low wages and peasants were reduced almost to slavery in the cause of modernizing agriculture. Diaz maintained power by a mixture of bribery and rigged elections. Opposition was held in check by the police and the army; the regime controlled the courts and censored the press. However, the social atrocities occurring in tandem with these achievements created an unrest that could not be quenched. The cry of revolution could be heard throughout the country. Populist rebels such as Pancho Villa, Emiliano Zapata and others answered the call. The Mexican Revolution had begun and Porfirio Diaz was forced to flee the country to an exile in France, where he died, leaving behind a modernized Mexico in an unseen humanitarian conflict. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Free essay

    IB I.A History Emiliano Zapata

    in February of1909 was due to the idea that Diaz wouldn't run for another term. This created instability in the fragile nation because many of the caudillos wanted more power and an open Presidential election signified more power. (Womack 11-12).

  2. Historical Investigation IB

    They threw 342 of the crates into Boston Harbour in a boycott of the British retention of the Tea Tax. The colonies decided to take full political action against Britain after the passing of the Coercive Acts and for the first time all 13 colonies met in an official Continental Congress to discuss the future of the Colonies.

  1. Interwar Years: 1919-39

    * The schedule for payments was communicated to Germany in May 1921, including a requirement for Germany to pay �50 million immediately. * Initially, Germany delivered what was demanded of it but in December the German government asked for postponement of payments due in January and February 1922.

  2. History Internal Assesment

    implements of war to belligerent countries; the prohibition of the transportation of arms, ammunition, and implements of war by vessels of the United States for the use of belligerent States; for the registration and licensing of persons engaged in the business of manufacturing, exporting, or importing arms, ammunition, or implements

  1. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    1886 final closure of courses for women. 4. 1887 increase in university fees to exclude all but the wealthy. 5. 1887 gimnazii fees raised to exclude lower social ranks. Delianov ?Cooks? Circular? exclude ?children of coachmen, servants, cooks, small shopkeepers?? 6.

  2. The History and Development of the American Dream

    We find life of the notion within literature to be the most captivating and worth of attention since this space is multi-dimensional and immense. There is a certain list of books traditionally associated with the problem of the Dream. That is where readers gain a rough about a typical «conqueror» and follower of the Dream.

  1. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    worldwide state of alert of US forces 24 The US alert is dropped following agreement between Moscow and Washington. Israel is forced to allow supplies to reach the Third Army and to allow UN troops in. The USA is keen to lower tension in the area and thus forces Israel to compromise.

  2. 20th Century History Revision Notes

    Americans attacked the west as Britain and Canada landed in the east. Role of Woman during WW2: Woman branches or army air forces and navy created Cooks, nurses, merchants, welders, radar operators. Role on home fronts: Replaced jobs men who went overseas did Worked in factories and industries Women volunteering,

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work