• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Porfirio Diaz History IB. The year of 1910 saw the 80th birthday of Jos de la Cruz Porfirio Diaz, president of Mexico and its dictator for more than 30 years.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Porfirio Díaz History HL - IB Ivan Camilo Martin - German Gallo The year of 1910 saw the 80th birthday of José de la Cruz Porfirio Diaz, president of Mexico and its dictator for more than 30 years. He was born in Oaxaca, Mexico, from a mestizo blood and humble family. His early years were filled with economic hardship and tragedy, for instance his father died when he was just three years old, leaving the family impoverished and hopeless. Nonetheless, Porfirio Diaz' mother named Petrona Mori, constantly struggling to raise 8 children on her own, recognized the importance of any kind of education and enrolled Porfirio in a seminary. He was educated for the Catholic Church, a body having immense influence in the country at the time and ordering and controlling revolutions by the strength given by their filled coffers. However, Porfirio Diaz' destiny lay in the world of temporal affairs. He switched his studies from the priesthood to law in the Institute of Science and Art. Known to be a diligent student, he was influenced and inspired by a remarkable figure in the Mexican society and one of his tutors named Benito Juarez, future president and beloved hero. ...read more.

Middle

When Porfirio Diaz was given the information that President Juarez and Vice President Sebastian Lerdo de Tejada were running for reelection, he imposed and end to his retirement and breaking completely from his former mentor, he ran against his elder for the office of the president in 1870. Notwithstanding Diaz lost the elections but he claimed that the elections previously carried has been fraudulent and launched the "Plan de la Noria", supported by a great number of rebellions across the nation, depicting himself as a liberal populist rather than a general attempting to gain control. However, the plan failed and there was nothing he could do about it. Following Juarez's natural death on July 9 of that year, Sebastian Lerdo de Tejada assumed the presidency under constitutional record. Nonetheless, he was unpopular among the Mexican culture since it was greatly believed he granted excessive concessions to U.S railway interests and he used constantly the power of the state to enforce his goals. In 1876, Porfirio staged once again a new rebellion and crafted the "Plan of Tuxtepec", a plan of governance based on the principle of a one-term presidential office with reelection forbidden, pretty ironical knowing Porfirio Diaz's future and his coming presidential tenure that lasted 35 years with several reelections involved. ...read more.

Conclusion

The solution was to create a paramilitary force against peasant revolts by having the most notorious bandits and putting them into the scary "Rurales", also known as the Rural Police. After achieving domestic tranquility, astonishing statistics were reached, for instance annual oil production of 10,000 barrels in 1901 rose to 13 million by 1911 and mining of the country's ample resources of gold, silver, copper and other metals was transformed. He also built an efficient transport system of thousands of railroad tracks. The rich prospered while the urban poor toiled for low wages and peasants were reduced almost to slavery in the cause of modernizing agriculture. Diaz maintained power by a mixture of bribery and rigged elections. Opposition was held in check by the police and the army; the regime controlled the courts and censored the press. However, the social atrocities occurring in tandem with these achievements created an unrest that could not be quenched. The cry of revolution could be heard throughout the country. Populist rebels such as Pancho Villa, Emiliano Zapata and others answered the call. The Mexican Revolution had begun and Porfirio Diaz was forced to flee the country to an exile in France, where he died, leaving behind a modernized Mexico in an unseen humanitarian conflict. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Indonesian History. Sukarno was not only the first president of Indonesia; he was ...

    The occupation of these expansionist forces gave Sukarno a role in maintaining its local acceptance and the welcoming of the repressed audience, who greeted him as their hero. The threat of colonialism lied within the core of this nation, these people couldn't resist the imminent lurk any more.

  2. What were the intentions of President Harry S. Truman and General Douglas MacArthur regarding ...

    Worried that the US Army would attack China after North Korea, Mao Zedong ordered China's People's Volunteer Army to intervene in the Korean War, changing the Korean War from a civil war to a proxy war during the ongoing Cold War.

  1. Gulf of Tonkin History IA

    citizens and was able to send out the command to the Navy intervene in Vietnam and "counterattack," as repercussions for the attacks on the USS Maddox. E. Conclusion In conclusion, we can easily say that the US government did, in fact, manipulate the Tonkin Incident to gain public support to intervene in the Vietnam War.

  2. Interwar Years: 1919-39

    The Ruhr Crisis Chronology * Twice, in 1920 and 1921, the Germans defaulted on payments and France sent in troops to occupy several towns in the Ruhr. * On both occasions, French intervention had received reluctant approval from Britain. * The Reparations Commission arrived at a figure of £6.6 billion in April 1921.

  1. Free essay

    IB I.A History Emiliano Zapata

    in February of1909 was due to the idea that Diaz wouldn't run for another term. This created instability in the fragile nation because many of the caudillos wanted more power and an open Presidential election signified more power. (Womack 11-12).

  2. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    Temporary. Local government and internal security Features 1. Publications critical of regime suspended indefinitely and publishers banned from publishing anything else. 2. 1884 Kakhanov Report recommended that volosts (lower courts) be responsible for all classes but was rejected. 3. 1887 student assassination attempt, Lenin?s brother executed among others.

  1. 20th Century History Revision Notes

    Breaks the Soviet Pact Hitlers final Solution: For the millions of Jews captured and in concentration camps, gas them End of WW2: (May 8th 1945) When the last German troop surrendered Sudetenland -Region in Czechoslovakia -September 1938, Hitler wanted Sudetenland to join Germany since most people living there were Germans.

  2. What were the most significant factors in the ending of the apartheid system and ...

    Steve Biko was slightly different in that he raised awareness amongst black communities of their worth and value. He tried to convince the black South Africans that they didnât deserve to be discriminated against and that the government wasnât right in treating them as less than equal.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work