Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5

Porfirio Diaz History IB. The year of 1910 saw the 80th birthday of Jos de la Cruz Porfirio Diaz, president of Mexico and its dictator for more than 30 years.

Extracts from this essay...

Introduction

Porfirio Díaz History HL - IB Ivan Camilo Martin - German Gallo The year of 1910 saw the 80th birthday of José de la Cruz Porfirio Diaz, president of Mexico and its dictator for more than 30 years. He was born in Oaxaca, Mexico, from a mestizo blood and humble family. His early years were filled with economic hardship and tragedy, for instance his father died when he was just three years old, leaving the family impoverished and hopeless. Nonetheless, Porfirio Diaz' mother named Petrona Mori, constantly struggling to raise 8 children on her own, recognized the importance of any kind of education and enrolled Porfirio in a seminary. He was educated for the Catholic Church, a body having immense influence in the country at the time and ordering and controlling revolutions by the strength given by their filled coffers. However, Porfirio Diaz' destiny lay in the world of temporal affairs. He switched his studies from the priesthood to law in the Institute of Science and Art. Known to be a diligent student, he was influenced and inspired by a remarkable figure in the Mexican society and one of his tutors named Benito Juarez, future president and beloved hero.

Middle

When Porfirio Diaz was given the information that President Juarez and Vice President Sebastian Lerdo de Tejada were running for reelection, he imposed and end to his retirement and breaking completely from his former mentor, he ran against his elder for the office of the president in 1870. Notwithstanding Diaz lost the elections but he claimed that the elections previously carried has been fraudulent and launched the "Plan de la Noria", supported by a great number of rebellions across the nation, depicting himself as a liberal populist rather than a general attempting to gain control. However, the plan failed and there was nothing he could do about it. Following Juarez's natural death on July 9 of that year, Sebastian Lerdo de Tejada assumed the presidency under constitutional record. Nonetheless, he was unpopular among the Mexican culture since it was greatly believed he granted excessive concessions to U.S railway interests and he used constantly the power of the state to enforce his goals. In 1876, Porfirio staged once again a new rebellion and crafted the "Plan of Tuxtepec", a plan of governance based on the principle of a one-term presidential office with reelection forbidden, pretty ironical knowing Porfirio Diaz's future and his coming presidential tenure that lasted 35 years with several reelections involved.

Conclusion

The solution was to create a paramilitary force against peasant revolts by having the most notorious bandits and putting them into the scary "Rurales", also known as the Rural Police. After achieving domestic tranquility, astonishing statistics were reached, for instance annual oil production of 10,000 barrels in 1901 rose to 13 million by 1911 and mining of the country's ample resources of gold, silver, copper and other metals was transformed. He also built an efficient transport system of thousands of railroad tracks. The rich prospered while the urban poor toiled for low wages and peasants were reduced almost to slavery in the cause of modernizing agriculture. Diaz maintained power by a mixture of bribery and rigged elections. Opposition was held in check by the police and the army; the regime controlled the courts and censored the press. However, the social atrocities occurring in tandem with these achievements created an unrest that could not be quenched. The cry of revolution could be heard throughout the country. Populist rebels such as Pancho Villa, Emiliano Zapata and others answered the call. The Mexican Revolution had begun and Porfirio Diaz was forced to flee the country to an exile in France, where he died, leaving behind a modernized Mexico in an unseen humanitarian conflict.

The above preview is unformatted text

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • Over 150,000 essays available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Over 180,000 student essays
  • Every subject and level covered
  • Thousands of essays marked by teachers

Related International Baccalaureate History

  1. What were the most significant factors in the ending of the apartheid system and ...

    He and the eight other members were sentenced to life imprisonment on Robben Island. During his years in prison, he became widely known and accepted by the black community as a symbol of resistance to the apartheid system. During his years in prison, Nelson Mandela inspired many uprisings and protests amongst black communities.

  2. Indonesian History. Sukarno was not only the first president of Indonesia; he was ...

    The occupation of these expansionist forces gave Sukarno a role in maintaining its local acceptance and the welcoming of the repressed audience, who greeted him as their hero. The threat of colonialism lied within the core of this nation, these people couldn't resist the imminent lurk any more.

  1. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    1889 volost Justice of the Peace (minor crimes) abolished, duties transferred to (Ministry of Justice appointed) city judges in cities and shared between the uezd member of the provincial assembly and the Land Captain in rural areas (control). 5.

  2. 20th Century History Revision Notes

    Appeasement -The action of appeasing, especially before the Second World War. -The granting of concessions in order to maintain peace. Manchuria -September 1931, Japan invaded Manchuria (Chinese province) conflict among China, Japan & Russia. -Japan wanted it to conquer Mongolia (Russian territory)

  1. Interwar Years: 1919-39

    * The British looked favourably upon this appeal; the French did not. * The Reparations Commission did agree to grant a limited moratorium on Germany's payments. * However, in December 1922 it ruled that Germany had failed to keep to the agreed schedule of timber of deliveries.

  2. Gulf of Tonkin History IA

    88 senators, which were forced by their respective citizens, voted in favor on the Tonkin Gulf Resolution, which was to strike back, while 2 senators voted no.17 So basically, the US could have completely evaded this part of the Cold War, but then again, we were fighting to stop communism from spreading, but still failed at it.

  1. What were the intentions of President Harry S. Truman and General Douglas MacArthur regarding ...

    In addition, by the end of August, the ground troops of the ROK had outnumbered the KPA 180,000 to 133,000 (Kaufman 49). The ROK and US armies were ready to counterattack. On September 15, 1950, United Nations force landed on Inchon2, located about twenty miles from Seoul.

  2. The History and Development of the American Dream

    For Cullen the most American feature and crucial point here is the strongest «faith in reform» and the belief that, with effort, things could be different and better than they are at the moment. This links the Puritans to the second American Dream which is embodied in the Declaration of Independence.

  • Over 180,000 essays
    written by students
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to write
    your own great essays

Marked by a teacher

This essay has been marked by one of our great teachers. You can read the full teachers notes when you download the essay.

Peer reviewed

This essay has been reviewed by one of our specialist student essay reviewing squad. Read the full review on the essay page.

Peer reviewed

This essay has been reviewed by one of our specialist student essay reviewing squad. Read the full review under the essay preview on this page.