• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Post-war USSR and Germany 1918-1924

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Post-war USSR and Germany 1918-1924 Compare and contrast the economic and political developments in the USSR and Germany 1918-1924 Word Count: 1621 Date due: April 1st, 2008 By: Rasmus Puggaard Hansen 2.u Birker´┐Żd Gymnasium CONTENTS Introduction ................................................................................................................ 1 Treaty of Versailles.................................................................................................... 1 Occupation of the Ruhr and the Dawes Plan ........................................................... 2 Russia's economical problems .................................................................................... 2 War Communism and the NEP ................................................................................ 3 As World War One ended in 1918, all of the nations involved had suffered extreme losses. Vast casualties along with economical and political instabilities were facts that had to be dealt with at the end of the war, even for the victories nations. However, the two worst hit were the defeated Germany and the USSR who were forced to pull out of the war. Germany had been in total war1 in the whole duration of WW1, a state which is not durable in the long term. Following the war, Germany's economy therefore collapsed, due to the absence from the labour force, as the generations of the youth were killed in the war, and due to the intense war debts that Germany were to pay. The political state of Germany were also hugely affected at the close of the war. ...read more.

Middle

After the war years, in 1921, there were 64 marks to the dollar, while in November 1923 it had changed to 4,200,000,000,000 marks to the dollar. This hyper inflation was caused by the demand for goods which simply couldn't be produced due to the lack of raw materials, and unemployment reaching alarming levels. Politicians in the USA and Britain began to realize that Germany would never be able to repay its war debts imposed by the Treaty of Versailles if its economy wasn't working. They realized the treaty was too harsh, and in April 1924, Charles Dawes proposed the Dawes Plan. This plan would be beneficial towards the Germans as the total sum to be repaid would remain the same, but annual debts were decreased and Germany was granted a loan. The plan was accepted by Germany and as a result, the German mark began to stabilize and Germany was able to repay its debts on time for a while. Russia's economical problems Russia, on the other hand, was also economically crippled at the end of the war on onwards, but this was largely caused by its own people. Revolutions in Russia led to very instable political systems. ...read more.

Conclusion

War communism was replaced by the NEP as a result of the uprisings. In conclusion, it can be said that both Russia and Germany suffered greatly in the aftermath of World War One. Germany, having to pay the war debts to the victories nations of the war, was in a serious economical state as they were close to bankrupt at the end of the war. However, with loans from abroad and a strong will to survive, Germany conquered its extreme economical condition against all odds, and became a powerful nation once again. Russia on the other hand, can be concluded to have been inflicting damage to itself, as the Bolsheviks who seized power in the middle of the war, were partially responsible for a clear deterioration in the country's economical state due to harsh leadership and the outbreak of a severe civil war. Also, an interesting point to note is how Lenin didn't want to accept loans from abroad to tackle the economical crises, which Germany happily did and thereby improved its economy. Russia was more or less isolated in the years 1918-1924 and thereby depended on itself alone to improve conditions. Ultimately however, both Germany and Russia survived the aftermath of WW1, not without consequences though., but in the end they both recovered from the economical and political instabilities. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. World War 1 Information

    to help other countries in time of need > Uses this opposition to humiliate Wilson and the democrats > Wilson comes back to try to appease the unrest > Agreed to change the treaty as much as he could in order to make the republicans happy, but had to go

  2. Assess the impact of the Treaty of Versailles on Germany, 1919-1930.

    been made to pay for all the reparation in the Franco-Prussian war. o However, this will cause the same wanting of revenge in the German people later on that the French had from the Franco-Prussian war. POV#4 - The Treaty of Versailles prompted numerous political responses.

  1. WW1 Total War

    The factory young factory workers were removed from the producing job and they were sent to the front. Women took their places in the factories, and working hours were extended. The powerful governments raised taxes to finance the war, also a lot of countries put their civilians on rations.

  2. Nazi Germany

    replaced them with a new currency called the Rentenmark * The hyperinflation had done great political damage to the Weimar govt. - lost the support of the middle class, etc. The Weimar Republic under Stresemann Achievements Problems The economy - Stresemann (1923-1929)

  1. The cold war - the conferences and the start of the cCold War

    argument that Marshall Aid was purely selfish on America's part as an attempt to build up Europe as a trading partner - it was certainly very successful in this respect The Berlin Crisis, 1948 - 1949 * Causes; a) In 1947, the US and British zones of occupation in Germany were combined into the Bizone b)

  2. cause of WW1

    Germany thought it would be very easy to pass Belgium, because they thought Belgium's armies were not as strong as theirs, and the skills of armies were much better and trained than Belgium armies. Another element that caused the war was nationalism.

  1. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    Hostility increased in the 1870s as Jewish schools were closed and restrictions were placed on Jews? civil rights. Could not be mayor and town council membership reduced to 1/3. Initial moves under Alexander III 1. Presence of Jews in revolutionary and nationalist groups as well as talk of their involvement in Alexander II?s assassination sealed their fate.

  2. To What Extent Did The Space Race Exacerbate Political Tensions Between The USA and ...

    The issue of the Cold War is often most commonly remembered for what would follow swiftly afterwards. The Cuban Missile Crisis was triggered by the refusal of America to engage in any trade with Cuba after the coup led by Fidel Castro resulted in Castro seizing power and allying Cuba with the Soviet Union.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work