• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Pre Revolutionary War

Extracts from this document...


Spain and England had different reasons for colonizing the Americas. The Spanish wanted to exploit everything that the Americas offered, while the English intended on establishing permanent settlements and improving England's economy. However, Spain and England's response to the Indians of North America both culturally and economically varied. The Spanish and English profited off the native people by destroying culture. The economic impact that Spain and Great Britain had induced upon the Native Americans primarily helped the advancement of the American colonies and their mother countries. Both nations used Indians to their advantage. The Indians were manipulated for the benefits such as the trade of goods both European and American as well as being extorted for land. Through the Columbian exchange many goods, animals, and diseases were exchanged between the Europeans and the Indians. Such diseases as small pox, measles, and influenza along with others were brought to the Americas and significantly affected the Indian population and killing ninety percent of the native inhabitants. ...read more.


In addition, the English also traded with the Indians greatly but also heavily depended on them in their first few settlements such as Jamestown, Plymouth, and the mysterious Roanoke colony. The English colonists depended heavily on Indians during the winter months for food. Thomas Harriot publicized in his book A Briefe and True Report of the New Found Land of Virginia, that Englishmen terrorized and killed innocent Indians without reason. Eventually, the English settlements expanded and more settlements and cities were established. The cultivation of crops such as tobacco, rice, indigo, as well as others resulted in a need for more fertile land in order to sustain the highly valuable crops and sustain the colonial economy. Many times throughout European colonization in the Americas did conflict arise between the both the Indians and the Spanish and English. Most conflicts sourced from disputes over land. These disputes often led to the slaughtering of hundreds and the enslavement of many, such as, when the English encroached upon Indian land, which led to "King Philips War". ...read more.


The English had significant influence on Indian society. They recruited rival tribes to help battle Indian tribes when conflict occurred. For example, the Pequot war against the Tuscarora, the English and rival Algonquians killed most of the tribe and dispersed the remaining survivors to Central New York. The English also implemented important components of English life in Indian culture such as tea drinking. And in order to keep slaves from escaping, they employed Native Americans to catch runaway slaves. But when there was conflict, the English utilized slaves to fight the Indians. This profound use of slaves to combat Indians let the Native Americans distrusting the blacks and led to less slaves finding refuge in Native American villages. Great Britain and Spain both reciprocated differently to the Indians in North America. Both used violent means to accomplish their goals and both desired to benefit culturally and economically from exploiting the Native Americans. Yet, the Spanish accomplished their goals without eradicating Native culture and society, while the English uprooted and destroyed many indigenous people and traditions. Both nations responses to the native people were abrasive to native society. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Architectural Masterpieces in England

    Westminster Abbey or - to use its formal name - the Collegiate Church of St. Peter, Westminster, is a 'Royal Peculiar'. This means it is a free chapel of the Sovereign, exempt from any ecclesiastical jurisdiction other than that of the Sovereign.Also, Price William and Kate Middleton were moved to

  2. Was the American Revolution Revolutionary?

    The relationship between this growing power, the colonists, and the home country, England, was one of constant agreements and disagreements; give a little here and take a little there. Yet, the relationship would not stay balanced for very long due to Charles Townshend and the acts he imposed.

  1. Extended Essay - "to what extent was Yellow journalism to blame for instigating the ...

    This rivalry peaked from about 1895 to 1898, also the period of the Cuban revolutions. Yellow Journalism and it's power of persuasion was aimed at freeing Cuba during this period and it worked enough to instigate a armed military conflict between Unites States and Spain.

  2. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    Consequences of the Six Day War: - The 1967 war settled nothing: it exacerbated the refugee situation, created the OT problem and increased Arab resentment Israelis: - Massive success, Arabs lost 15,000 men, the Israelis lost 777. 70,000 sq km of land had been gained, land quadrupled - Paradoxically their

  1. Evaluating sources on the treatment of Native Americans.

    They welcomed the Europeans with open arms, gifts, and food. Christopher Columbus noticed that the Native Americans were happy to serve the Europeans, and could thus be more easily forced into slavery. The Europeans even convinced one tribe leader (Chief Powhatan)

  2. Cold War Timeline (in English and Spanish)

    1949 Contensión Abril 4: Se ratifica NATO Mayo 12: Termina el bloqueo de Berlín. 29 Agosto: Rusia recibió su primera bomba atómica. Octubre 1: El comunisma Mao toma el control de China y establece la República Popular de China. Diciembre 1 - Chiang Kai-shek fue a Formosa y creó un gobierno Nacionalista.

  1. Crisis and Collapse in Spain between 1793 and 1808

    Widespread noncompliance in the colonies and the continued need for revenue, however, led the Crown again to allow neutral trade in January 1801. After a brief peace and an attempt to reestablish the prewar system, renewed conflict with England in 1804 forced the reauthorization of neutral trade.

  2. Major Events and Individuals in the Subjugation of the American Indians

    The Ghost Dance was designed to bring Indian Ancestors back to life and to Wovoka claimed it could bring back the buffalo herds and restore American Indian life. Massacre at Wounded Knee- The massacre at Wounded Knee started off with Big Foot, a Sioux leader, moving his tribe to the

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work