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Pre Revolutionary War

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Spain and England had different reasons for colonizing the Americas. The Spanish wanted to exploit everything that the Americas offered, while the English intended on establishing permanent settlements and improving England's economy. However, Spain and England's response to the Indians of North America both culturally and economically varied. The Spanish and English profited off the native people by destroying culture. The economic impact that Spain and Great Britain had induced upon the Native Americans primarily helped the advancement of the American colonies and their mother countries. Both nations used Indians to their advantage. The Indians were manipulated for the benefits such as the trade of goods both European and American as well as being extorted for land. Through the Columbian exchange many goods, animals, and diseases were exchanged between the Europeans and the Indians. Such diseases as small pox, measles, and influenza along with others were brought to the Americas and significantly affected the Indian population and killing ninety percent of the native inhabitants. ...read more.


In addition, the English also traded with the Indians greatly but also heavily depended on them in their first few settlements such as Jamestown, Plymouth, and the mysterious Roanoke colony. The English colonists depended heavily on Indians during the winter months for food. Thomas Harriot publicized in his book A Briefe and True Report of the New Found Land of Virginia, that Englishmen terrorized and killed innocent Indians without reason. Eventually, the English settlements expanded and more settlements and cities were established. The cultivation of crops such as tobacco, rice, indigo, as well as others resulted in a need for more fertile land in order to sustain the highly valuable crops and sustain the colonial economy. Many times throughout European colonization in the Americas did conflict arise between the both the Indians and the Spanish and English. Most conflicts sourced from disputes over land. These disputes often led to the slaughtering of hundreds and the enslavement of many, such as, when the English encroached upon Indian land, which led to "King Philips War". ...read more.


The English had significant influence on Indian society. They recruited rival tribes to help battle Indian tribes when conflict occurred. For example, the Pequot war against the Tuscarora, the English and rival Algonquians killed most of the tribe and dispersed the remaining survivors to Central New York. The English also implemented important components of English life in Indian culture such as tea drinking. And in order to keep slaves from escaping, they employed Native Americans to catch runaway slaves. But when there was conflict, the English utilized slaves to fight the Indians. This profound use of slaves to combat Indians let the Native Americans distrusting the blacks and led to less slaves finding refuge in Native American villages. Great Britain and Spain both reciprocated differently to the Indians in North America. Both used violent means to accomplish their goals and both desired to benefit culturally and economically from exploiting the Native Americans. Yet, the Spanish accomplished their goals without eradicating Native culture and society, while the English uprooted and destroyed many indigenous people and traditions. Both nations responses to the native people were abrasive to native society. ...read more.

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