• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Problems of the Reconstruction after the American Civil War.

Extracts from this document...


In 1860, eleven Southern states of America seceded, creating the Confederate States of America. Abraham Lincoln was elected that year, and was a man who was adamant about containing the Union. The Confederacy attacked the U.S. at Fort Sumter, prompting Lincoln's war on the South, in his attempt to force them back into the Union. America then fought a bloody Civil War, with the victor ultimately being the North. After this long and destructive war, many things needed to be done, but, unfortunately, many negative things came as a result. Some of these things that came as a result were the attempt to continue the oppression of blacks, despite their newly given rights, war-torn land destroyed the agrarian economy of the South, and the U.S. faced huge conflict within the government over slavery, equal rights and how to fix the South. ...read more.


The aforementioned "Jim Crow Laws", were not broken down and outlawed until late in the 1900s. It took leaders like Martin Luther King Junior acting out for these things to come to the full attention of the government. It wasn't until the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 that the Jim Crow Laws were overruled and full rights were given to all men and women, nearly 90 years after the end of Reconstruction, thus showing how Reconstruction was worse than slavery. Next, during the Civil War, the land of the South had been torn apart, and the once agrarian Southern Economy seemed as though it would come to a halt. This did no last, however, as the industry of the North soon spread to the South. The South began creating factories for manufacturing textiles and the dispensation of tobacco, which meant that the South no longer had to export their cotton and tobacco, but could use it for their own purposes, to distribute it throughout the South. ...read more.


During Reconstruction, groups such as the KKK scared blacks away from voting, thus Democrats in the South began to take power and soon took power in the House of Representatives. The Thirteenth Amendment was passed by congress in 1865 and outlawed slavery, thus coining the term, "Worse than Slavery" as there was nearly no slavery anywhere and the politics of this era, where no guaranteed rights for blacks were established, showed it to be exactly that, worse than slavery. The Civil War split the country apart and issues such as slavery and civil rights pushed it near the brink of destruction. Freedmen were still oppressed and kept from gaining their full civil rights, coupled with the rise of white supremacist groups led to the continuation of ignorance, the return of the Southern economy to an agrarian one and the political turmoil that kept the country worse off and as famously said, worse than slavery. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. The Chinese Civil War

    (Tamura 182). This being said by Mao that was from "On the Chungking Negotiations" October 17, 1945, it was not released until 1961 in the Peking: Foreign Language Press. The values of this source included that as this is a speech developed by Mao, it is contemporary to the time period.

  2. The Evaluation and Effect on the Formation of W.E.B Du Boiss NAACP during the ...

    For an example, Du 2Bois created a monthly NAACP magazine, "The Crisis magazine to demand full civil rights and complete racial integration..." "White propaganda as art demonized blacks. Thus it seems that Du Bois' doctrine demanded that black artist manipulate their creative impulses to present positive images of blacks..."

  1. History IA: What were American peoples responses to the Vietnam War in 1965 1971?

    Young B. Marilyn, The Vietnam Wars 1945-1990, Harper Perennial, 1991. Secondary: CNN, Series video Cold War, 2012 Neuman, Just, Crigler, 1992 http://www.solidarity-us.org/site/node/1681, Antiwar Activism and Emerging Feminism in the Late 1960s: The Times They Were A'Changing, ATC 85, March-April 2000.

  2. The History and Development of the American Dream

    There are only artificial substitutes of it. Urged to be introductive and elaborated to astonish the others American images captured the thoughts of the Americans themselves. Boorstin calls it the «mirror effect» (1962: 255); all the efforts made redound upon their source.

  1. Notes on the Causes of the American Civil War

    The impact of abolitionists must not be over exaggerated as it only had limited appeal in the North and faced violent revolts in the South 14. They were able to force the MORAL issue of slavery and keep it as a major political issue Nature of Slavery 1.

  2. How successful was Reconstruction following the American Civil War?

    After the Civil War, the southern economy was struggling and one of the main points of the Reconstruction was to rebuild the economy back to its original standpoint. One of the ways that the economy of the south had changed was the development of sharecropping.

  1. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    Middle East centred less on Arab-Israeli relations and much more on the Palestinian issue, especially after the Intifada - It could be argued that having neutralised Egypt, Israel gained more self-confidence and became less concerned about Arab reaction to its policies: o The 1981 air attack on Iraq's atomic plant

  2. US History. To what extent were the aims of Reconstruction achieved by 1877?

    Also, destroy the power of the planters, and encourage democracy in the South, ?develop a two party system in which a chastened Democratic party would compete with a revived Whig party?, and finally free the African-Americans, and ensure that they remained free to work, live and prosper without being again enslaved.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work