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Reasons for German Defeat in the 1st and 2nd World War

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ASSES AND COMPARE THE FACTS WHICH LED TO THE DEFEAT OF GERMANY IN THE FIRST AND SECOND WORLD WAR Having excluded smaller and bigger conflicts, we can say without any doubts that modern world has experienced 2 enormous wars which cannot be compared to any other previous battles. As a matter of fact, in both First and Second World Words the alliances were more less arranged similarly and one of the most active aggressor has been always Germany. German proneness to rising conflicts has been always the aspect which interested not only historians but also psychologist. However, despite concerning the fact of easy conflict rising I would rather focus on the inverse aspects. The problem I want to bring about is how did it happen, that the great superpower, which Germany has apparently been was twice defeated so profoundly. Concerning this issue, I raised to the conclusion that the most important aspect of Germans defeat has psychological roots. Thus, the thesis of my essay is that, Germans lost in two wars was determined by their over ambition, which successively brought it's consequences. ...read more.


During the Second World War the two fronts opening was delayed but not deleted. The Second One's ideology was much more clear. Germans aimed to get the biggest possible territory, as a cure element of their living (Lebensraum). Although they firstly thought of finding necessary area in the east, Hitler's ambitions have quickly spread to the west. Having the open front on the west (last attempt of capturing great Britain), Hitler came back to the east and attacked USSR, opening the eastern front. Maybe it was also connected with ambitions of people in charge, but both wars had end up with 2 fronts fighting. That was of course a great mistake, as troops, wakened after 4/6 years of chronic war were not able to fight on 2 fronts. That's why we can see that one of the reasons of Germans failure had to be tactic mistakes. Bringing about the subject of tactic problems we have to emphasize the next consequence of German ambition, which was without doubts the underestimating of its enemies. That was of course one reason for maintaining two open fronts but also had led to the American involvement in war, which in both cases ended up with Germans failure. ...read more.


The only crucial different was social attitude. It's said that one reason of Germans defeat in World War One, has been the social discontent, as German citizens were tired of war. In comparison during The Second World War, thanks to very effective propaganda, till the last defense of Berlin, when Germans failure has been already definite, all young Berliners fought to the very last moment. To check the validity of this factor we can consider whether Germany would have any chances of winning the war if its citizens had been enthusiastic towards the idea of war. In my opinion that wouldn't change much, as Germans situation in the World War One was critical enough, due to the reasons I have already admitted. If Germany hadn't resign (what will be in the future called "stab in the back"), the war would only prolonged and widened the number of casualties, but the end result would remain same. In the light of my work we can see that all the reasons which led to Germans defeat in both wars, were the consequences of its high ambition of conquering whole world. That led to underestimating of enemies and overstating its own power, which is the most dangerous mistake in war campaign. ...read more.

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