• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Reasons for German Defeat in the 1st and 2nd World War

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

ASSES AND COMPARE THE FACTS WHICH LED TO THE DEFEAT OF GERMANY IN THE FIRST AND SECOND WORLD WAR Having excluded smaller and bigger conflicts, we can say without any doubts that modern world has experienced 2 enormous wars which cannot be compared to any other previous battles. As a matter of fact, in both First and Second World Words the alliances were more less arranged similarly and one of the most active aggressor has been always Germany. German proneness to rising conflicts has been always the aspect which interested not only historians but also psychologist. However, despite concerning the fact of easy conflict rising I would rather focus on the inverse aspects. The problem I want to bring about is how did it happen, that the great superpower, which Germany has apparently been was twice defeated so profoundly. Concerning this issue, I raised to the conclusion that the most important aspect of Germans defeat has psychological roots. Thus, the thesis of my essay is that, Germans lost in two wars was determined by their over ambition, which successively brought it's consequences. ...read more.

Middle

During the Second World War the two fronts opening was delayed but not deleted. The Second One's ideology was much more clear. Germans aimed to get the biggest possible territory, as a cure element of their living (Lebensraum). Although they firstly thought of finding necessary area in the east, Hitler's ambitions have quickly spread to the west. Having the open front on the west (last attempt of capturing great Britain), Hitler came back to the east and attacked USSR, opening the eastern front. Maybe it was also connected with ambitions of people in charge, but both wars had end up with 2 fronts fighting. That was of course a great mistake, as troops, wakened after 4/6 years of chronic war were not able to fight on 2 fronts. That's why we can see that one of the reasons of Germans failure had to be tactic mistakes. Bringing about the subject of tactic problems we have to emphasize the next consequence of German ambition, which was without doubts the underestimating of its enemies. That was of course one reason for maintaining two open fronts but also had led to the American involvement in war, which in both cases ended up with Germans failure. ...read more.

Conclusion

The only crucial different was social attitude. It's said that one reason of Germans defeat in World War One, has been the social discontent, as German citizens were tired of war. In comparison during The Second World War, thanks to very effective propaganda, till the last defense of Berlin, when Germans failure has been already definite, all young Berliners fought to the very last moment. To check the validity of this factor we can consider whether Germany would have any chances of winning the war if its citizens had been enthusiastic towards the idea of war. In my opinion that wouldn't change much, as Germans situation in the World War One was critical enough, due to the reasons I have already admitted. If Germany hadn't resign (what will be in the future called "stab in the back"), the war would only prolonged and widened the number of casualties, but the end result would remain same. In the light of my work we can see that all the reasons which led to Germans defeat in both wars, were the consequences of its high ambition of conquering whole world. That led to underestimating of enemies and overstating its own power, which is the most dangerous mistake in war campaign. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Why were the central powers defeated in the First World War

    Moreover maintaining a blockade is an expensive task. The blockade nonetheless had an effect it did help bring the war to an end however it is a long term weapon. The Germans reacted to the blockade by sending warships, U-boats and submarines in order to destroy British communications, food supplies and to kill soldiers.

  2. World War 1 Information

    France was most populated superpower with best army until Germany superposed it in 1870 > 1911 population of Germany: 64 million > 1911 population on France: 39 million > France wanted revenge from the Franco-Prussian war > France wanted Alsace and Lorraine back from Germany > Germany wants to protect

  1. What Effect Did World War II have on Eastern Europe?

    Serfs, or peasants tied to the land, worked on the lands of boyars. They agricultural yields were low due to the serf's use of the same technology for hundreds of years. Serfdom was abolished between 1861 and 1892 in different regions of the Russian empire, but the peasants continued to struggle economically even after they gained their freedom42.

  2. The cold war - the conferences and the start of the cCold War

    Western Germany was not allowed to join NATO as a founder member. The United States of America, Canada, Greenland and Iceland also belonged to NATO - Article 3 of the NATO Pact: to achieve the aims of this treaty the parties will keep up their individual and collective capacity to

  1. Why did World War I last so long?

    In the eastern front significant advances were often made by the Russians into the Austrian-Hungarian empire but they were usually driven back into Russian territory by the Germans, so essentially not much progress was made there by either side. The generals consequently adopted strategies that turned WWI into a war of attrition.

  2. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    - Egypt rejected this proposal as it indirectly implied Israel's right to exist. - SU and several Eastern bloc countries severed ties with Israel in the aftermath of war. - US became even more the guarantor of Israel's survival. - In the late 1980s Israel would have to cope with

  1. To what extent were economic conditions the predominant factor in the proliferation and manifestation ...

    power during as well as after the 1848 revolution was Otto Von Bismarck, a man whose actions and policies throughout the 19th century are considered by many as contributory to the ascension of Nazi ideology in the 1920?s and 30?s.

  2. History Essay (Bismarck's Influence on the German Unification

    This decision clearly marked Prussian leadership within the confederation and German urge for unification. Although the assembly was finally suppressed and dissolved by Prussia, due to threat of losing his absolutist privileges as well as a potential war with the Austria, it proved the true influence of liberal-nationalists, who had learned that power rather than ?speeches and majority votes?.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work