• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Reasons for German Defeat in the 1st and 2nd World War

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

ASSES AND COMPARE THE FACTS WHICH LED TO THE DEFEAT OF GERMANY IN THE FIRST AND SECOND WORLD WAR Having excluded smaller and bigger conflicts, we can say without any doubts that modern world has experienced 2 enormous wars which cannot be compared to any other previous battles. As a matter of fact, in both First and Second World Words the alliances were more less arranged similarly and one of the most active aggressor has been always Germany. German proneness to rising conflicts has been always the aspect which interested not only historians but also psychologist. However, despite concerning the fact of easy conflict rising I would rather focus on the inverse aspects. The problem I want to bring about is how did it happen, that the great superpower, which Germany has apparently been was twice defeated so profoundly. Concerning this issue, I raised to the conclusion that the most important aspect of Germans defeat has psychological roots. Thus, the thesis of my essay is that, Germans lost in two wars was determined by their over ambition, which successively brought it's consequences. ...read more.

Middle

During the Second World War the two fronts opening was delayed but not deleted. The Second One's ideology was much more clear. Germans aimed to get the biggest possible territory, as a cure element of their living (Lebensraum). Although they firstly thought of finding necessary area in the east, Hitler's ambitions have quickly spread to the west. Having the open front on the west (last attempt of capturing great Britain), Hitler came back to the east and attacked USSR, opening the eastern front. Maybe it was also connected with ambitions of people in charge, but both wars had end up with 2 fronts fighting. That was of course a great mistake, as troops, wakened after 4/6 years of chronic war were not able to fight on 2 fronts. That's why we can see that one of the reasons of Germans failure had to be tactic mistakes. Bringing about the subject of tactic problems we have to emphasize the next consequence of German ambition, which was without doubts the underestimating of its enemies. That was of course one reason for maintaining two open fronts but also had led to the American involvement in war, which in both cases ended up with Germans failure. ...read more.

Conclusion

The only crucial different was social attitude. It's said that one reason of Germans defeat in World War One, has been the social discontent, as German citizens were tired of war. In comparison during The Second World War, thanks to very effective propaganda, till the last defense of Berlin, when Germans failure has been already definite, all young Berliners fought to the very last moment. To check the validity of this factor we can consider whether Germany would have any chances of winning the war if its citizens had been enthusiastic towards the idea of war. In my opinion that wouldn't change much, as Germans situation in the World War One was critical enough, due to the reasons I have already admitted. If Germany hadn't resign (what will be in the future called "stab in the back"), the war would only prolonged and widened the number of casualties, but the end result would remain same. In the light of my work we can see that all the reasons which led to Germans defeat in both wars, were the consequences of its high ambition of conquering whole world. That led to underestimating of enemies and overstating its own power, which is the most dangerous mistake in war campaign. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. World War 1 Information

    Britain in order to force them to make a decision to either protect their allies or to protect their own home and leave their allies and colonies exposed > Britain responds to German threat by reaching out to the Allies (France, Russia, Japan)

  2. Why were the central powers defeated in the First World War

    Moreover maintaining a blockade is an expensive task. The blockade nonetheless had an effect it did help bring the war to an end however it is a long term weapon. The Germans reacted to the blockade by sending warships, U-boats and submarines in order to destroy British communications, food supplies and to kill soldiers.

  1. What Effect Did World War II have on Eastern Europe?

    After the Lenin and the communist party rose to power, the government nationalized the noblemen's land and established collectivized farms where a group of farmers would work the land and the yields would be collected by the government and redistributed.

  2. The cold war - the conferences and the start of the cCold War

    and actions by the Dutch in New Guinea, in opposition to Indonesia were particularly important flashpoints - April 18- 24, 1955; a conference met a Bandung in Indonesia - Members of the Conference; Afghanistan, Bhutan, Burma, Cambodia, Ceylon, People's Republic of China, Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Japan, Jordan,

  1. Why did World War I last so long?

    In the eastern front significant advances were often made by the Russians into the Austrian-Hungarian empire but they were usually driven back into Russian territory by the Germans, so essentially not much progress was made there by either side. The generals consequently adopted strategies that turned WWI into a war of attrition.

  2. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    crucial strategic importance in any way o Victory over Israel without Egypt was almost impossible - There was no other natural leader for the Arab states. Syria was bogged down in Lebanon and Iraq was fighting Iran between 1980 and 1988 - Through the 1980s, the key issue in the

  1. To what extent were economic conditions the predominant factor in the proliferation and manifestation ...

    preservation of the monarchy as the single authority, was not an event that resulted in a political landscape predictably orientated toward extreme nationalism. This is due to the fact that liberal values were integrated and accepted, though reluctantly, into the previously obdurately authoritarian system.

  2. History Essay (Bismarck's Influence on the German Unification

    This decision clearly marked Prussian leadership within the confederation and German urge for unification. Although the assembly was finally suppressed and dissolved by Prussia, due to threat of losing his absolutist privileges as well as a potential war with the Austria, it proved the true influence of liberal-nationalists, who had learned that power rather than ?speeches and majority votes?.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work