• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Revision notes on Liberalism -philosophy, politics and history

Extracts from this document...


Chapter 3 Notes: Values of Liberalism Classical Liberalism ? Individualism ? Respect for rights and freedoms ? Private ownership ? Natural rights; life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness - this goes beyond the type of government' rights and freedoms ? The government holds onto the power that is bestowed by the people ? Citizens have the right to revolt if that power or trust is violated ? Equality of opportunity ? Capitalism ? John Locke Contemporary Liberalism (modern) ? Can sometimes be confused with the present day Liberal political party ? Will accept greater levels of state interventions if it promotes if they perceive it would promote justice and liberty for the greater good of its citizens ? Grew out of classical liberalism but with more slant towards the rights of minorities ? A certain standard of living should be attainable for the greatest number of the population. This is why liberalism today will accept social welfare. ...read more.


20th Century Liberalism (Modern) - This is in stark contrast to 19th century liberalism which states - they do not mind government regulation, helping others out, welfare state idea. Not a violation of any fundamental right for government to regulate where people work, when they work wages they work for etc. They do not mind paying a little more tax to help others out. A left of center ideology on the economic spectrum. Liberalism wagers that a state... can be strong but constrained - strong because constrained... Rights to education and other requirements for human development and security aim to advance equal opportunity and personal dignity and to promote a creative and productive society. To guarantee those rights, liberals have supported a wider social and economic role for the state, counterbalanced by more robust guarantees of civil liberties and a wider social system of checks and balances anchored in an independent press and pluralistic society." ...read more.


Laissez-faire and the Industrial Revolution ? Ideas were developed during the IR in Great Britain ? Shift from its agricultural roots to the urban, factory system ? Why Great Britain? o 1. Location: ? Island - sea trade, large navy and commercial fleet were necessary anyways ? This created personal fortunes - ship owners and merchants ? Also gave lots of money to the government o 2. Government System ? Parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy ? Power was shared between king and parliament ? Parliament consisted of the wealthy - who welcomed any ideas that could make them money o 3. Writings of Enlightenment ? Advocated human reason, initiative, and individual worth ? Comers were free to make money ? Factory System: resulted from ideas on wealth, human potential, government friendly to business, large amounts of capital (money) and cheap labour, innovation ? **Adam Smith o "Wealth of Nations" - individuals work for their own self interest which is the foundation of the Free Market o Invisible Hand ? Problems with Laissez faire: o Extreme gaps between rich and poor developed o Monopolies o Poor working/living conditions ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Italian Unification Revision Notes. Italian Politics in 1815

    decided that at all costs the island of Sicily must remain part of the Kingdom of Naples. The island must not be allowed to declare independence and must be brought to heel, by Neapolitan force if necessary. � Metternich was disturbed that the Neapolitan revolution had been so successful.

  2. French Revolution and the rise of Napoleon - revision notes

    The official royal residence was Palace of Versailles. * In the second half of the 18th century -> 5 states were regarded as a great powers of Europe and decided on European policy (because of the military forces). France, Great Britain, Prussia, Russia and Austria.

  1. Imperial Germany Revision Notes. Powers and functions were divided between the central, or federal, ...

    In 1872 when it was clear he failed he severed diplomatic relations with the Vatican and intensified his campaign against the Catholic Church. � While the Kulturkampf was centred on Prussia, its effects were felt throughout the Reich and legislation against the Church was passed by both the Prussian Landtag and the Rechstag.

  2. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    Strengths 1. Local initiative in place of administrative control, benefitted from local knowledge. 2. Became critical of the regime as they became concerned with local issues such as education and welfare. 3. Liberal minded doctors, teachers, and scientists were appointed and would later become a focal point for further reform.

  1. Mao and China Revision Guide

    * 1927 ? GMD launched an extermination campaign on CCP, but Mao survived by taking hiss CCP forces to the mountains of Jiangxi province, where he organized guerrilla resistance against the Nationalists. * In the next 7 years Mao helped to establish the Jiangxi Soviet (A system of government organized on Communist principles)

  2. Ancient Greece revision notes

    * Developed because of contats with Egyptians and Persians that inspired a blossoming in the arts and sciences (including stories, ideas of designs of temples, techniques for fine metal work, crafts, etc) * This was a time of great thinkers, poets, artists * Athens develops the most democratic government of

  1. 20th Century History Revision Notes

    Billy bishop was a Canadian flying ace, who shot down 72 planes and received the Victoria cross. War on land: tanks, especially used in battle of the Somme. War on the Home fronts Government Role: finance War efforts feed and arm troops make sure there are enough enlistments War Measures

  2. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    - David Gilmour asserts the partition could never have worked regardless of equality in partitioning, because nations see their land in 'wholeness', and thus being an entity they cannot let be divided. - Both sides committed violence against one another, and by 1948 civil war this had only escalated.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work