• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Revision notes on the Locarno treaty. In October 1925, Germans offered a treaty to voluntarily accept its western borders (Locarno, Switzerland)

Extracts from this document...


In October 1925, Germans offered a treaty to voluntarily accept its western borders (Locarno, Switzerland) o Stresemann wished to end the isolations of Germany and restore her to a place of equality among the nations, therefore, had to create an atmosphere of goodwill Stresemann realized that France must feel secure if it was to allow Germany to recover fully Signed by Brit and France in December 1925 A pact of non-aggression between France, Germany, and Belgium, guaranteed by the G.B. and Italy. All countries renounced the use of invasion and force, except in self-defence. Pact assured France about its borders and Germany about further French invasion Early instance of appeasement, birth of modern appeasement (Garbriel Javisicas: a real spirit of peace might prevail at the end and rob Germany of all hopes for revenge) ...read more.


o Hite and Hinton: lost nothing by signing Locarno: no sound national claim to Alsace-Lorraine, won advances on the evacuation of Rhineland, by voluntarily accepting western borders, could concentrate on revision in the east o The Locarno treaties also introduced positive peaceful settlement obligations for legal disputes in order to prevent resort to unilateral action by the injured State before the settlement procedure had been tried * France believed every concession would bring about a new demand from Germany (Poincare) * Stresemann transformed Germany from being an outcast, to being actively involved in European diplomacy: the spirit of Locarno was in Europe * French and Allied withdrawal from Rhineland delayed * Peukert argues that Stresemann should have accepted Germany's borders and concentrated on building economic and political influence in the new states in eastern and south-eastern Europe. ...read more.


From their point, Locarno marked the moment when GB regarded its European responsibilities as fully discharged. By pledging themselves to Rhine, turned their backs on Europe-or so they thought. Splendid isolation had come again * Ephraim Lipson (British economic historian) o Greatest diplomatic achievement of the peace years 1918-39. o Gave to France the security which was the goal of her policy, and to Germany the status (LON 1926) * Henrik Eberle (German historian) o Treaty of Locarno described the French positions as necessary for France's security. Moreover, left bank of the Rhine had been important element in French policy, which aimed at hegemony in central Europe. The remilitarisation of the Rhineland would therefore be a blow to two of the salient features of the French policy: the striving for security, which had become even more urgent since WWI, and military supremacy in central Europe. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. French Revolution and the rise of Napoleon - revision notes

    There was originally one Parlement (in Paris), there were created later for provinces, but this in Paris retained (utrzymywac) jurisdiction of the kingdom. At first duties of Parlement were strictly judicial, but they gradually considered about registering (rejestrowac) all royal edicts before they became a law.

  2. Italian Unification Revision Notes. Italian Politics in 1815

    The people should rise against Austrian domination. � Socially, he wanted greater equality, with an end to poverty and with taxation being proportional to wealth. There should be free and compulsory education for all and women's rights should be guaranteed Mazzini's ideas constitute a remarkably 'modern' agenda, and a remarkably radical one in the 19th century.

  1. Assess the impact of the Treaty of Versailles on Germany, 1919-1930.

    The undermining of the military clauses was mainly because of Free Corps, who had created an "underground military organization". POV#3 - Since the Treaty of Versailles had blamed Germany fully for the Great War, she was held responsible for paying the reparations to the "Victors" while her economy was stretched

  2. Revision notes on Nazi Germany.

    * On Nov. 9th 1923 the Nazis marched on Gov. buildings and were dispersed by gunfire and had their leaders arrested. * Hitler went for 5 years in prison, but now he was a nationally known figure. Hitler secures Power Hindenburg as president * National hero * Elected into presidency in 1925 *

  1. Peace Treaty Essay

    If anything the Treaty of Versailles had angered the Germans, and promised to seek revenge in the future. Thus we know WWII had broken out. Furthermore the Treaty of Saint-Germain had been signed on 10th September 1919. The New Republic of Austria and the Allies had signed the treaty.

  2. Mao and China Revision Guide

    gouging out eyes, ripping out tongues, disemboweling and decapitation, slashing with knives and grinding with sand, burning with kerosene and branding with red-hot irons.? * This made Mao realize ?that it was the strongest and most ruthless who always won?.

  1. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    Conclusion on Alexander III 1. Reforms strengthened traditional leaders (nobility) and undermined his father?s reforms which appeased conservatives. Repression and reaction were present but any ruler would have worked to stabilize the state after an assassination. Strengthened autocracy allowed for a strengthening of its international position.

  2. 20th Century History Revision Notes

    Peace terms were designed to weaken Germany. Halifax explosions: Biggest man made explosion to that time. Caused by two ships (cargo) colliding. Lusitania: An ocean liner which was sunk by German U-boats being mistaken for a cargo ship. Battles and events Causes of World War one -Militarism Alliances Imperialism Nationalism

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work