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Scientific Revolution

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Introduction

The Scientific Revolution was a significant intellectual movement, which caused the modification of old misconceptions and the rise of new ideas. The Scientific Revolution was a pivotal time period of European history. The Scientific Revolution was characterized by advancements in astronomy, mechanics and medicine. The Scientific Revolution made the most achievements in astronomy. Despite living in a time period before the Scientific Revolution, one of the most influential astronomers of the Scientific Revolution was Nicolas Copernicus. Nicolas Copernicus was significant to the revolution because he was one of the first astronomers to reject the geocentric theory, which stated that earth was at the center of the universe. Furthermore, the geocentric theory stated that the universe was a series of crystalline, transparent, concentric spheres and that the spheres moved in circular movement around the earth. It also stated that the motion of planets was steady and unchanging. The geocentric conception was the creation of the two Greek intellectuals Aristotle and Ptolemy. Both scientists were still influential during the 17th century. Copernicus rejected the geocentric theory and advocated and published the heliocentric theory, which stated that the sun not the earth was at the center of the universe. ...read more.

Middle

The two scientists who made notable advancements in the field of mechanics were Galileo Galilei and Isaac Newton. Galileo made advancements not only in astronomy, but also in mechanics. Galileo made modifications to Aristotle's theory of motion. Aristotle stated that an object remained at rest unless a force acted upon it. He also stated that the object would move at a constant rate if the force was constantly exerted and that the object would stop moving if the force was removed. Galileo made two significant modifications to the theory of motion. Through several experiments, Galileo proved that if a force was applied on an object, the object would move at an accelerated speed instead of a constant speed. Furthermore, Galileo stressed the principle of inertia, which stated that a object in motion continued in motion unless it was deflected by an outer force. Thus, Galileo disproved the Aristotle's theory of motion. The other scientist who made a significant impact on the field of mechanics was Isaac Newton. In his Principia, Newton wrote about his three laws of motion. The first law motion was that every object continued in a state of rest or uniform motion unless a force was exerted on it. ...read more.

Conclusion

Vesalius gained his evidence for his theories through careful dissections of the human body. During his dissections, Vesalius carefully examined each organ and the general structure of the human body. In On the Fabric of the Human Body, Vesalius stated that the heart not the liver pumped blood, but Vesalius adhered to a few of Galen's principles. He adhered to the principle that there were two blood systems in the body. The third important scientist of the Scientific Revolution was William Harvey. He corrected Galen's principle that there were two blood systems. In On the Motion of the Heart and Blood, William Harvey stated that the heart not the liver pumped blood and that the there was only one type of blood system. The same blood flowed through the veins and the arteries. Thus, the three scientists Paracelsus, Andreas Vesalius, and William Harvey gave a decisive blow to Galen's erroneous medical principles. In summary, the Scientific Revolution was characterized by incredible advancements in astronomy, mechanics and medicine. During the Scientific Revolution, many misconceptions in the fields of astronomy, mechanics, and medicine were corrected by brilliant scientists. The Scientific Revolution was a significant intellectual movement that helped Europe lead into a greater intellectual period known as the Enlightenment. Kevin Lih Mr. Duvall AP European History Period 2 11/24/08 Review Essay ...read more.

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