• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Scientific Revolution

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Scientific Revolution was a significant intellectual movement, which caused the modification of old misconceptions and the rise of new ideas. The Scientific Revolution was a pivotal time period of European history. The Scientific Revolution was characterized by advancements in astronomy, mechanics and medicine. The Scientific Revolution made the most achievements in astronomy. Despite living in a time period before the Scientific Revolution, one of the most influential astronomers of the Scientific Revolution was Nicolas Copernicus. Nicolas Copernicus was significant to the revolution because he was one of the first astronomers to reject the geocentric theory, which stated that earth was at the center of the universe. Furthermore, the geocentric theory stated that the universe was a series of crystalline, transparent, concentric spheres and that the spheres moved in circular movement around the earth. It also stated that the motion of planets was steady and unchanging. The geocentric conception was the creation of the two Greek intellectuals Aristotle and Ptolemy. Both scientists were still influential during the 17th century. Copernicus rejected the geocentric theory and advocated and published the heliocentric theory, which stated that the sun not the earth was at the center of the universe. ...read more.

Middle

The two scientists who made notable advancements in the field of mechanics were Galileo Galilei and Isaac Newton. Galileo made advancements not only in astronomy, but also in mechanics. Galileo made modifications to Aristotle's theory of motion. Aristotle stated that an object remained at rest unless a force acted upon it. He also stated that the object would move at a constant rate if the force was constantly exerted and that the object would stop moving if the force was removed. Galileo made two significant modifications to the theory of motion. Through several experiments, Galileo proved that if a force was applied on an object, the object would move at an accelerated speed instead of a constant speed. Furthermore, Galileo stressed the principle of inertia, which stated that a object in motion continued in motion unless it was deflected by an outer force. Thus, Galileo disproved the Aristotle's theory of motion. The other scientist who made a significant impact on the field of mechanics was Isaac Newton. In his Principia, Newton wrote about his three laws of motion. The first law motion was that every object continued in a state of rest or uniform motion unless a force was exerted on it. ...read more.

Conclusion

Vesalius gained his evidence for his theories through careful dissections of the human body. During his dissections, Vesalius carefully examined each organ and the general structure of the human body. In On the Fabric of the Human Body, Vesalius stated that the heart not the liver pumped blood, but Vesalius adhered to a few of Galen's principles. He adhered to the principle that there were two blood systems in the body. The third important scientist of the Scientific Revolution was William Harvey. He corrected Galen's principle that there were two blood systems. In On the Motion of the Heart and Blood, William Harvey stated that the heart not the liver pumped blood and that the there was only one type of blood system. The same blood flowed through the veins and the arteries. Thus, the three scientists Paracelsus, Andreas Vesalius, and William Harvey gave a decisive blow to Galen's erroneous medical principles. In summary, the Scientific Revolution was characterized by incredible advancements in astronomy, mechanics and medicine. During the Scientific Revolution, many misconceptions in the fields of astronomy, mechanics, and medicine were corrected by brilliant scientists. The Scientific Revolution was a significant intellectual movement that helped Europe lead into a greater intellectual period known as the Enlightenment. Kevin Lih Mr. Duvall AP European History Period 2 11/24/08 Review Essay ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. French Revolution and the rise of Napoleon - revision notes

    Royal family was imprisoned in the Temple (fortified monastery of Templars). September 1792-> Parisian crowd broke into prisons and massacred the nobles and clergy. Meanwhile, volunteers awaken the French national army and on 20 th September 1792 invaded Austro-Prussian forces at Valmy (Battle at Valmy 20 th September 1792).

  2. Russia 1905 revolution

    This congress was important not only because all Russian socialist groups attended but also because it marked the important split among the Social Democrats into the Bolsheviks and the Mensheviks. Both the Bolsheviks and the Mensheviks agreed to overthrow Czardom, transform Russia into a democratic bourgeois republic and in turn overthrow it by a socialist revolution.

  1. Causes of the Mexican Revolution

    One must bear in mind, of course. that the majority of the members of these groups remained passive or at least did not participate openly in the armed struggles that swirled around them, Nevertheless, the widespread discontent described above led the majority of people not to support the government The

  2. The Glorious Revolution

    majority of the gentry or the British landowners below the nobility were Puritans. The gentry were significant because they occupied an enormous part of the House of Commons, which was the lower house of Parliament, and also held the positions as sheriffs and justices.

  1. Napoleon: Enemy or Son of Revolution

    Napoleon's "creation of the Legion of Honor in 1802 was fundamental to republican meritocracy" (Ihl 2006, 1). It abolished aristocracy in France and awarded people who served duties to the country. In other words, people were rewarded for their talent without the discrimination and prejudice regarding on their socioeconomic background; class privileges were eliminated.

  2. George Orwell in the Spanish Revolution

    It is a Marxist communist party that opposes Soviet policies and Stalinism. It stressed the need for an immediate revolution as what the Left was currently fighting for was liberal bourgeoisie, capitalism in other words. > The FAI (Federaci�n Anarquista Ib�rica or Iberian Anarchist Federation): this is the most leftist

  1. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    2. Shared many of Alexander III and Pobedonostsev?s views. Started reign with the intention of strictly following Alexander III?s policies rather than pursuing policies of his own. Although did push for expansion in the Far and Middle East. 3. Believed that he had the divine right and duty to rule and that the existing system was already essential to Russia?s general welfare.

  2. Comparison of the International Movements of the Haitian Revolution and American Revolution

    It took the perfect combination to unite a colony and take on a European superpower, but in both Revolutions it is quite clear that there was a leader who rallied support and really led their colonies to Independence. George Washington in the American Revolution was the dominant figure.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work