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Source Analysis. This investigation focuses on how Cuba was affected by the U.S. embargo placed in the early 1960s. I will focus on how their medical advances were hindered and how their trade was affected.

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Introduction

To what extent did the U.S. embargo placed on Cuba hurt Cuba's medical advancements and trade? http://progreso-weekly.com/2/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=1267:wola-un-vote-to-condemn-cuba-embargo-isolates-us-in-hemisphere&catid=44:lastest-news&Itemid=61 "We should immediately end the trade embargo which the US has imposed on the people of Cuba"1 -President Carter Contents Section A: Plan of Investigation....................................................................................................3 Section B: Summary of Evidence.................................................................................................4 Section C: Evaluation of Sources..................................................................................................6 Section D: Analysis.........................................................................................................................8 Section E: Conclusion..................................................................................................................10 Section F: List of Sources............................................................................................................11 Appendices....................................................................................................................................12 A. Plan of Investigation This investigation focuses on how Cuba was affected by the U.S. embargo placed in the early 1960s. I will focus on how their medical advances were hindered and how their trade was affected. I have chosen this topic because I'm highly interested as to how isolating a country will affect it's growth. In order to answer this question, a summary of the findings will be given based on how much the U.S. affected a country from prospering. The analysis will include interpretations of the sources I plan on analyzing, such as books, speeches, theses, and articles. These sources will be of importance, especially when evaluating two of the sources I've used. In regards to how credible the sources are, it will allow me to conclude with the extent to which Cuba was affected by the U.S. embargo. Word Count: 140 B. Summary of Evidence In 1960, the first economic sanction was placed on Cuba, stopping all sugarcane imports. By 1962, President John F. Kennedy expanded this sanction to suspending all trade with Cuba. A year later, the U.S. Government issued the Cuban Assets Controls Regulations (CACR). The goal of this was to "isolate the Cuban government economically and deprive it of US dollars."2 This goal was achieved by freezing all Cuban assets in the U.S. and regulating all commercial transactions with Cuba, not allowing them any freedom in their trade. Later on in the 1970s, with President Carter, restrictions began to ease up. In a speech given to the Cubans in Havana, Carter states "My hope is that Congress will soon act to... ...read more.

Middle

The US, fearing the Castro dictatorship and communism at the time, tried their best to isolate the country from interacting with others, in order to keep communism from spreading. In a successful manner, they have isolated communism and a fearful dictatorship; however, they have only caused more issues for the country. For example, due to fear of the Castro government, President George H. Bush passed the Cuban Democracy Act in 1992. This hurt Cuban trade because they became completely isolated from the rest of the world, even though it was meant to "support" Cuba and help them regain economic growth19. Also, at this time the sales of medicines became exempt from the embargo20, and soon all medicine exports to Cuba became smaller and smaller21. Cuba was not even able to receive all the medicine they needed. Not only was their medical advancements hindered, but their health care was not as strong anymore. Even though the US thought at the time that they were only helping Cuba with the government--as well as defeating communism--Cuba must face the outcome. All the years past where they were not able to achieve any further advances in medicine, or deal with other countries for importing goods and exporting their own goods for money. Nor were they able to even prosper in their own goods in order to have a chance for exporting them. So, not only was Cuba hindered in achieving medical advancements and medicines, but it was also hurting their progress by reducing their infant and maternal mortality rates, and contributing to malnutrition, poor water quality, and hurting their health care reform. Cuba was not able to provide the same standards in their health care system due to the embargo. Now, they must make up for many years of loss and time wasted, in order to be an economic power once again. III) Different Interpretations The fact that Cuba was under the harsh dictatorship of the Castro government led many to believe that the US was trying to help them out by placing the embargo upon them; however, even President Carter saw the harm made. ...read more.

Conclusion

Still, guaranteed civil liberties offer every citizen an opportunity to change these laws. That fundamental right is also guaranteed to Cubans. It is gratifying to note that Articles 63 and 88 of your constitution allows citizens to petition the National Assembly to permit a referendum to change laws if 10,000 or more citizens sign it. I am informed that such an effort, called the Varela Project, has gathered sufficient signatures and has presented such a petition to the National Assembly. When Cubans exercise this freedom to change laws peacefully by a direct vote, the world will see that Cubans, and not foreigners, will decide the future of this country. 'Reach across the divide' Cuba has superb systems of healthcare and universal education, but last month most Latin American governments joined a majority in the United Nations Human Rights Commission in calling on Cuba to meet universally accepted standards in civil liberties. Public opinion surveys show that a majority of people in the US would like to see the economic embargo ended, normal travel between our two countries, friendship between our people, and Cuba to be welcomed into the community of democracies in the Americas. At the same time, most of my fellow citizens believe that the issues of economic and political freedom need to be addressed by the Cuban people. After 43 years of animosity, we hope that someday soon you can reach across the great divide that separates our two countries and say: "We are ready to join the community of democracies." And I hope that Americans will soon open our arms to you and say: "We welcome you as our friends."" 1 http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-latin-america-12913267 2 The US Embargo Against Cuba: Its Impact on Economic and Social Rights. 3 See Appendix B 4 <http://www.historyofcuba.com/history/funfacts/embargo.htm> 5 Ibid2 6 Welch 29 7 The Custom-House: The U.S. in the World Economy. <http://benmuse.typepad.com/custom_house/2007/11/cuba.html> 8 Ibid3 9 Ibid2 10 Ibid3 11 Ibid3 12 Ibid3 13 Ibid2 14 Ibid2 15 Ibid3 16 Ibid2 17 Ibid2 18 Ibid2 19 Ibid4 20 Ibid6 21 Ibid7 22 Ibid3 23 Ibid4 24 Ibid2 25 Ibid2 ?? ?? ?? ?? 8 1 ...read more.

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