Stalin and Mao. Compare and contrast the domestic policies of two rulers of single party states, each chosen from a different region.
Extracts from this essay...
ï»¿Lilian Nguyen Block 4 IB World History Final FRQs Compare and contrast the domestic policies of two rulers of single party states, each chosen from a different region. The beginning of the 20th century provided the rise of powerful leaders of single party states. Leaders such as Stalin and Mao ruled over Russia and China and effectively made their rule known not only to other countries, but its own people as well. Although both Stalin and Mao utilized self-promoting propaganda, Mao endorsed a policy of social reform whereas Stalin did not. Both Stalin and Mao utilized self-promoting propaganda to generate populist enthusiasm in both Russia and China. To begin, both Stalin and Mao had a cult of personality. For example, according to Pavel Litvinov, the Russian people believed he was an absolutely perfect individual and he always had Russiaâs people in his mind and according to Michael Lynch, Mao .
Both leaders usage of their cult of personality helped masked their domestic cruelties and effectively kept public support behind them even when their policies were deemed to be too harsh. Next, Stalin and Mao both utilized reform programs in their single party states, but some of their political, economic, and social reforms differed. Initially, although both Stalin and Mao purged any dissenters with political reforms, Stalin had a focused campaign of military ad intellectual purges whereas Mao extended his executions and simply eliminated anyone that challenged his power. Stalin enforced public show trials from 1928-1934 that was designed to intimidate anyone that tried to oppose Stalin politically while Mao executed counterrevolutionaries such as Feng Jicai or essentially anyone suspected of disloyalty to the communist party in addition to any political threats. This demonstrates that Stalin only saw threats only in individuals that could challenge him politically and Mao was paranoid that anyone in China could take away his power and did not keep his watch on an individual group of people in China.
Next, while Mao endorsed an official policy of social reform, Stalin did not. Stalinâs social reforms came as a byproduct of his economic and political reforms which included womenâs working rights in 1917 while Mao created the cultural revolution from 1966-1969 that encouraged the young people of China to publically persecute adults to help Mao single out counterrevolutionaries. This fact demonstrates that Mao had an emphasis on social reform in his domestic policies whereas Stalin only focused on economic and political reform in his domestic policies. In conclusion, both leaders built themselves up through propaganda to mask their reform programs that failed and cost their states millions of lives. Both leaders also eliminated their rivals and dissenters and undertook rapid industrialization programs. In terms of domestic policies, however, Stalin was more focused on making the country self-sufficient through his economic and political reforms while Mao was more dedicated to endorse support of the communist regime with his domestic policies.
Found what you're looking for?
- Start learning 29% faster today
- Over 150,000 essays available
- Just £6.99 a month
- Over 180,000 student essays
- Every subject and level covered
- Thousands of essays marked by teachers