• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

STALIN'S ECONOMIC POLICIES

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

To what extent were Stalin's economic policies a success? Russia was full of chaos by the end of WWI. Retreating from the war, the country lost a large mass of land, and its economy was deprived as well. A leader was desperately needed to restore order in the country, and this was when Joseph Stalin came to power. Stalin was a man who strongly believed, even more so than Lenin, that it was essential to prosper its economic situation through rapid industrialization. As a result, Stalin replaced Lenin's New Economic Policy with the First Five Year Plan in 1928. The main objective of the plan was to strengthen and enrich the country, make it militaristically and industrially self-sufficient, lay the groundwork for a true workers' society, and overcome the Russian reputation of "backwardness". ...read more.

Middle

Furthermore, the plan that originally called for the collectivization of only one-fifth of the farm population, under Stalin's discretion, was abruptly revised over the winter of 1929 to involve the entire agrarian industry. This plan was intended to convert the peasantry into a class more nearly resembling the proletariat of the Marxism doctrine. Not only were peasants (particularly the kulaks) outraged that they had to hand over a certain amount of produce to the government, but they also so began to slaughter their horses, cattle, pigs, and poultry. The total grain production did not increase at all as well, so by 1932, the agricultural disorders led to a deadly famine in Russia where millions had died. ...read more.

Conclusion

Undoubtedly, the Five Year Plan demanded sacrifices on the part of its people. Stalin certainly prospered Russia's heavy industry through its austere policy; but at the same time, was responsible for millions of deaths that were caused both through executions and famine. Perhaps such stringency was necessary to resuscitate the country from devastation. Historian Martin McCauley implies that Stalin's policy was truly a remarkable phenomenon that marked the twentieth century, but also that one can only approve its success if moral judgment is suspended. Many historians argue that more industrial progress could have been made with conventional methods, perhaps even by continuing the NEP. However, the sacrifices made for the policy undoubtedly outweighed the benefits it brought to the country, and so it seems reasonable to suggest that Stalin's policy was not as successful as it initially was intended to be. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Bismarck's policies success

    It was a failure which weakened Germany's control over their foreign policies. In 1879, the Dual Alliance between Austria and Germany was formed which was definitely a success for Bismarck. The two powers agreed that if either one of them was attacked by Russia, the other will provide military support.

  2. The Domestic Policies of Stalin

    Stalin's social policies began with "The Great Retreat" in 1930, in which he restored conservative ideas and made it harder for women to be employed as doctors or engineers which was possible after the revolution. After the revolution abortion was normal and so was divorce.

  1. Was there continuous economic decline in Britain from 1951 to 1990

    The miners' strike of 1984-5 contributed to widespread demoralization. There was also a failure to invest the benefits of privatization. However, other historians believe that during the period from 1953 to 1973 there was continuous and sustained economic success of the British economy.

  2. Mao - his social and economic policies and his decline and re-establishment of power

    * The differences in wealth between the peasants in the early 1950s were relatively small so that most peasants did not feel they would lose out by pooling their resources. * Collectivisation was achieved without major disruption to the rural economy and 1957 saw a 5% increase in agricultural output.

  1. Stalin's Collectivization

    This reflected how ultranationalist perspectives have taken control of foreign affairs as the four nations believed in their superiority over the Czechoslovakia. In conclusion, the Munich Accord is simply an appeasement that is believed by the four power nations to be the best solution in bringing peace and the best measure in fulfilling their own national interest.

  2. To what extent were the social changes in Germany between 1865 and 1890 the ...

    France?s colonial empire stretched from West Africa to Indo-China and the Pacific Ocean. Militarily and diplomatically, France was directly involved with both the German and the Italian unification, which is made evident by the French intervention on the side of Piedmont and against Austro-Hungary in the short war of 1859.[1]

  1. To what extent were Stalins economic policies successful up to 1940?

    Stalin also proposed that the farmers will live in villages, and have modern facilities such as hospitals, schools and clinics near them as well. It was hard to get the peasants agreeing with the Soviets, so in December 1929, the Communist party ordered the ?police and Red Army units to

  2. The Impact of Ronald Reagan's Economic Policies in the US

    The historic tax cut reduced income taxes by 25% over 3 years. The top rate went from 70% down to 50% then the Tax Reform Act of 1986 brought the highest tax rate down to 28%, interest rates also plunged from 22% to 11%.[1] With all these massive tax cuts

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work