• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

STALIN'S ECONOMIC POLICIES

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

To what extent were Stalin's economic policies a success? Russia was full of chaos by the end of WWI. Retreating from the war, the country lost a large mass of land, and its economy was deprived as well. A leader was desperately needed to restore order in the country, and this was when Joseph Stalin came to power. Stalin was a man who strongly believed, even more so than Lenin, that it was essential to prosper its economic situation through rapid industrialization. As a result, Stalin replaced Lenin's New Economic Policy with the First Five Year Plan in 1928. The main objective of the plan was to strengthen and enrich the country, make it militaristically and industrially self-sufficient, lay the groundwork for a true workers' society, and overcome the Russian reputation of "backwardness". ...read more.

Middle

Furthermore, the plan that originally called for the collectivization of only one-fifth of the farm population, under Stalin's discretion, was abruptly revised over the winter of 1929 to involve the entire agrarian industry. This plan was intended to convert the peasantry into a class more nearly resembling the proletariat of the Marxism doctrine. Not only were peasants (particularly the kulaks) outraged that they had to hand over a certain amount of produce to the government, but they also so began to slaughter their horses, cattle, pigs, and poultry. The total grain production did not increase at all as well, so by 1932, the agricultural disorders led to a deadly famine in Russia where millions had died. ...read more.

Conclusion

Undoubtedly, the Five Year Plan demanded sacrifices on the part of its people. Stalin certainly prospered Russia's heavy industry through its austere policy; but at the same time, was responsible for millions of deaths that were caused both through executions and famine. Perhaps such stringency was necessary to resuscitate the country from devastation. Historian Martin McCauley implies that Stalin's policy was truly a remarkable phenomenon that marked the twentieth century, but also that one can only approve its success if moral judgment is suspended. Many historians argue that more industrial progress could have been made with conventional methods, perhaps even by continuing the NEP. However, the sacrifices made for the policy undoubtedly outweighed the benefits it brought to the country, and so it seems reasonable to suggest that Stalin's policy was not as successful as it initially was intended to be. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Bismarck's policies success

    It was a failure which weakened Germany's control over their foreign policies. In 1879, the Dual Alliance between Austria and Germany was formed which was definitely a success for Bismarck. The two powers agreed that if either one of them was attacked by Russia, the other will provide military support.

  2. The Domestic Policies of Stalin

    Stalin's social policies began with "The Great Retreat" in 1930, in which he restored conservative ideas and made it harder for women to be employed as doctors or engineers which was possible after the revolution. After the revolution abortion was normal and so was divorce.

  1. Was there continuous economic decline in Britain from 1951 to 1990

    For many, weekly earnings rose and work hours fell. Car ownership increased more than 5 times (from 46 cars per thousand to 247 cars per thousand); by 1973, 60% of households owned washing machines and refrigerators (whereas in 1950, only 5% of households did) and 20% of households had a color TV set.

  2. Mao - his social and economic policies and his decline and re-establishment of power

    which many claimed that the CCP had become a privileged caste, alienated from the masses. * The movement spread to the universities as students called for multi-party elections and a Democracy Wall was created at Beijing University, with student and lecturers pinning up posters.

  1. Was there continuous economic decline in Britain during the second half of the twentieth ...

    The British car industry, who had a dominant position in the 50's, ran into difficulties in the 60's with the rise of imports from Europe and Japan. There was low productivity because the person-hours required for manufactured products was more important in Britain than for foreign competitors.

  2. To what extent were Stalins economic policies successful up to 1940?

    Stalin also proposed that the farmers will live in villages, and have modern facilities such as hospitals, schools and clinics near them as well. It was hard to get the peasants agreeing with the Soviets, so in December 1929, the Communist party ordered the ?police and Red Army units to

  1. To what extent were the social changes in Germany between 1865 and 1890 the ...

    Before Bismarck, German states were living their separate and politically secure existence. Different principalities such as Hanover were able to pursue their own separate diplomacy, for example the House of Hanover was so ambitious as to inherit the very crown of Great Britain.

  2. The Impact of Ronald Reagan's Economic Policies in the US

    Part B: Summary of Evidence The economic plan instituted by President Ronald Reagan allowed the American economy to simultaneously recover & improve whilst bringing upon social changes in society. The use of fiscal and monetary policies in Ronald Reagan?s administration played a critical role in revitalizing and spurring growth within the American economy.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work