• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

STALIN'S ECONOMIC POLICIES

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

To what extent were Stalin's economic policies a success? Russia was full of chaos by the end of WWI. Retreating from the war, the country lost a large mass of land, and its economy was deprived as well. A leader was desperately needed to restore order in the country, and this was when Joseph Stalin came to power. Stalin was a man who strongly believed, even more so than Lenin, that it was essential to prosper its economic situation through rapid industrialization. As a result, Stalin replaced Lenin's New Economic Policy with the First Five Year Plan in 1928. The main objective of the plan was to strengthen and enrich the country, make it militaristically and industrially self-sufficient, lay the groundwork for a true workers' society, and overcome the Russian reputation of "backwardness". ...read more.

Middle

Furthermore, the plan that originally called for the collectivization of only one-fifth of the farm population, under Stalin's discretion, was abruptly revised over the winter of 1929 to involve the entire agrarian industry. This plan was intended to convert the peasantry into a class more nearly resembling the proletariat of the Marxism doctrine. Not only were peasants (particularly the kulaks) outraged that they had to hand over a certain amount of produce to the government, but they also so began to slaughter their horses, cattle, pigs, and poultry. The total grain production did not increase at all as well, so by 1932, the agricultural disorders led to a deadly famine in Russia where millions had died. ...read more.

Conclusion

Undoubtedly, the Five Year Plan demanded sacrifices on the part of its people. Stalin certainly prospered Russia's heavy industry through its austere policy; but at the same time, was responsible for millions of deaths that were caused both through executions and famine. Perhaps such stringency was necessary to resuscitate the country from devastation. Historian Martin McCauley implies that Stalin's policy was truly a remarkable phenomenon that marked the twentieth century, but also that one can only approve its success if moral judgment is suspended. Many historians argue that more industrial progress could have been made with conventional methods, perhaps even by continuing the NEP. However, the sacrifices made for the policy undoubtedly outweighed the benefits it brought to the country, and so it seems reasonable to suggest that Stalin's policy was not as successful as it initially was intended to be. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Mao - his social and economic policies and his decline and re-establishment of power

    He aimed to reduce the influence of the central planning ministries in Beijing and increase the influence of provincial CCP agencies. He wanted to revive the "Yanan spirit" and mobilise both the Party and the masses to create a modern, socialist economy.

  2. The Domestic Policies of Stalin

    The "Second Five Year Plan" (1932-37) and the "Third Five Year Plan" (1937-42) focused on heavy heavy industry goods. The industrial plants which had been set up during the "First Five Year Plan" produced rapidly and by 1940 produced 48.3 bllion kWh.

  1. Stalin's Collectivization

    Decisively, Britain announced its measure in confronting the German hostile military power that attempts to threaten Britain�s way of life and its security. The paper clearly demonstrated the collective belief of the British people that this war is about fighting against the blackest tyranny that has ever held men in bondage.

  2. Bismarck's policies success

    Bismarck prevented the export of horses, giving the illusion that he was keeping them in case they were needed for war. France took this opportunity to inform Britain and Russia of what was going on. They both greatly disapproved of the idea of Germany going into war with France.

  1. Was there continuous economic decline in Britain during the second half of the twentieth ...

    The British car industry, who had a dominant position in the 50's, ran into difficulties in the 60's with the rise of imports from Europe and Japan. There was low productivity because the person-hours required for manufactured products was more important in Britain than for foreign competitors.

  2. To what extent were Stalins economic policies successful up to 1940?

    Stalin also proposed that the farmers will live in villages, and have modern facilities such as hospitals, schools and clinics near them as well. It was hard to get the peasants agreeing with the Soviets, so in December 1929, the Communist party ordered the ?police and Red Army units to

  1. The Impact of Ronald Reagan's Economic Policies in the US

    19 000 000 jobs were created in the nation, bringing unemployment rates from 7.4% down to 5.4%[2] As a result of the tax cuts the economic growth increased at 1.8% annually and the productivity growth increased at 3.8% annually, which resulted in a $2.7 trillion, increase in the nations GDP.

  2. To what extent were the social changes in Germany between 1865 and 1890 the ...

    He tried to secure his position as a chancellor and stabilize the internal state of affairs through populistic decisions like introducing public healthcare, accident insurance and retirement age and pensions for state officials. What made Germany different from the other major European countries is her historical background.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work