• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Stalin's Rise to Power2

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Stalin's Rise to Power Simon Vortel D-0277 133 International Baccalaureate Diploma Program IB History 12 HL Internal Assessment (Historical Investigation) Word Count: 1998 Table of Contents Page A. Plan of the Investigation 2 B. Summary of Evidence 3 C. Evaluation of Sources 6 D. Analysis 8 E. Conclusion 11 F. Bibliography 12 A. Plan of the Investigation This investigation seeks to answer why Stalin was able to assume control of the Communist Party after Lenin's death in 1924. In addressing this question, the discussion focuses on Stalin's control over the bureaucracy to create a loyal following of supporters and his series of political moves that culminated in him becoming the undisputed leader of the Communist Party. The analysis seeks to identify the dominant factor that led to his control of the leadership through the evaluation of different historians' perspectives. Two sources, Stalin: Triumph and Tragedy and Stalin as Revolutionary 1879-1929: A Study in History and Personality are further evaluated. B. Supporting Evidence After Lenin's death on 21 January 1924, a struggle began among the prominent party leaders to head the party. Although members like Zinoviev, Kamenev, and Bukharin had leadership aspirations, the main battle was between Stalin and Trotsky. ...read more.

Middle

Also, since this book was written in Russian and translated into English, it inevitably lost some of the original nuances of the language. Stalin As Revolutionary 1879-1929: A Study in History and Personality was published in 1973 by Robert C. Tucker, a professor of International Studies at Princeton University. This book seeks to explain the factors which allowed him to gain power, with special emphasis on the role his personality played in his rise to the top of the communist party. The source discusses in significant detail the formative events of Stalin's personality before the 1917 November Revolution, helping to support his argument that it was indeed his personality, more than any other factor, which allowed him to gain power. The source also analyzes in detail the effect of the intra-party debates throughout the leadership race. He displays a positive bias towards Stalin, almost awed by the prowess he displayed, perhaps because his book ends just before the major brutalities begin. However, the book was published before glasnost, meaning significant amounts of material were unavailable to Tucker. Although capably arguing his position, this factor limits his authority in comparison to, for example, Volkolgonov. ...read more.

Conclusion

E. Conclusion One cannot attribute Stalin's complex rise to power to any one specific factor, but must instead analyze the many elements that led to his triumph. Historians generally agree on the basics: one cannot deny that Stalin's control over the party appointments or his shrewd political skills contributed to his victory. However, when forced to select one aspect that overshadows all others, Stalin's incredible political skill and ability to take advantage of both opponents and political situations stands out among the rest, the heroic approach espoused by Tucker, Conquest, and Volkolgonov. Ultimately, the decisions he made and opportunities he recognized long before anyone else allowed him to create his party machine. He understood the power of Leninism as a possible justification for his actions, and exploited its potential far better than any of his rivals with The Foundations of Leninism. He comprehended the divisiveness of the NEP, and adeptly utilized the conflict to further his ambitions with Socialism in One Country. This keen political sense, foresight, and Machiavellian mentality were the fundamental aspects in his ascent to power. Stalin's opposition may have been mediocre, but Pipes goes too far. In the high stakes game the Bolsheviks played, nothing was certain, and it took such a calculating man as Stalin to emerge victorious. F. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Analyse the factors that led to the rise of the Communist party in China.

    In 1925, Sun Yat-sen passed away, and his nephew Chiang Kaishek became commander in chief of the new Kuomintang army. In alliance with the CCP, the armies embarked on a 'March to the North', to gain the support of the people, and destroy the warlords.

  2. Rise of Castro and Stalin

    Neither had any scruples in betraying friends and allies to gain power. Their political manoeuvring would allow them to increase in status and power, whilst also removing political opponents and any other groups or persons which could become possible threats to their rule.

  1. French Revolution and the rise of Napoleon - revision notes

    * -The Third Estate refused to do a service. Deputies of The Third estate were merchants, lawyers, intellectualists, bankers and entrepreneurs. They wanted all deputies to debate together (but they were divided). They also hoped to introduce the one-man one-vote rule.

  2. To what extent was Stalin's rise to power due to his opponents' mistakes?

    However, this ideology was severely damaged during the 1920's because of the current foreign affairs. Russia's international relations had only just started to improve after World War I when, in 1926, British police discovered evidence that the USSR was planning a revolution in Britain (Simpson).

  1. WW2 historical investigation. To assess the degree to which intelligence lead to the victory ...

    Williamson p.77 15. Ibid. 16. Ibid. p.24 E. Conclusion It is impossible to say that Ultra was solely responsible for successful allied operations at Sea. The Destroyer Escort and Aeroplanes with their effective Anti-Submarine weaponry also played a major role in hunting down U-boats and defending Convoys. 1 Furthermore, the actual operational of the Intelligence is hard to

  2. Castro's rise to power

    What is more, in 1956 "The Program Manifesto of the M-26-7 Movement" was released. Not only it laid down the movement's political ideas but it also showed a tendency away from "exploitative" capitalism. For the first time we see that Castro implicitly transmitted the idea that he wanted Cuba to

  1. Evaluate the factors that enabled Mussolini to rise to power.

    This shows, that communism as regarded with suspicion by the Italian Population. However, more importantly, the King was also one of those who feared a communist takeover and was therefore more likely to give in on Mussolini who offered true Italian values.

  2. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    Attitude 1. Made it clear from the beginning that he would never permit limitations on autocratic rule. 2. Father?s assassination confirmed hostility to reform, determined to stamp out political opposition. 3. Rejected suggestions of western-style parliamentary institutions in the belief that they were foreign to Russia and that the peasants did not want them.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work